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NSR database version of April 24, 2024.

Search: Author = C.Horowitz

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2024RE05      Phys.Rev. C 109, 035803 (2024)

B.T.Reed, F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Density dependence of the symmetry energy in the post-PREX-CREX era

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.109.035803
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2023AN15      J.Phys.(London) G50, 120501 (2023)

A.M.Ankowski, A.Ashkenazi, S.Bacca, J.L.Barrow, M.Betancourt, A.Bodek, M.E.Christy, L.Doria, S.Dytman, A.Friedland, O.Hen, C.J.Horowitz, N.Jachowicz, W.Ketchum, T.Lux, K.Mahn, C.Mariani, J.Newby, V.Pandey, A.Papadopoulou, E.Radicioni, F.Sanchez, C.Sfienti, J.M.Udias, L.Weinstein, L.Alvarez-Ruso, J.E.Amaro, C.A.Arguelles, A.B.Balantekin, S.Bolognesi, V.Brdar, P.Butti, S.Carey, Z.Djurcic, O.Dvornikov, S.Edayath, S.Gardiner, J.Isaacson, W.Jay, A.Klustova, K.S.McFarland, A.Nikolakopoulos, A.Norrick, S.Pastore, G.Paz, M.H.Reno, I.Ruiz Simo, J.E.Sobczyk, A.Sousa, N.Toro, Y.-D.Tsai, M.Wagman, J.G.Walsh, G.Yang

Electron scattering and neutrino physics

doi: 10.1088/1361-6471/acef42
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2022DE26      Phys.Rev. C 106, 045803 (2022)

A.Deibel, M.E.Caplan, C.J.Horowitz

Nuclear fission reaction simulations in compact stars

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232,233Th, 235,236,237,238,239,240,241U(n, γ), (n, F), E=1 MeV; analyzed σ(E); deduced abundance per baryon time evolution for different initial actinide enrichment in cooling white dwarf, heating rate per baryon, total fission heating per baryon versus time, final temperature. Reaction network simulations of fission chain reactions in a cooling white dwarf.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.106.045803
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2021DE06      Phys.Lett. B 814, 136115 (2021)

R.T.deSouza, V.Singh, S.Hudan, Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz

Effect of increasing neutron-excess on the fusion cross-section in 12-15C + 12C at above-barrier energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, X), (13C, X), (14C, X), (15C, X), E(cm)<20 MeV; analyzed available data; deduced fusion σ using the FSUGOLD and NL3 interactions, TDHF model with a SLy4d interaction; deduced the stronger dependence on neutron-excess attributable to dynamics.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136115
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2021HO06      Phys.Rev.Lett. 126, 131101 (2021)

C.J.Horowitz, M.E.Caplan

Actinide Crystallization and Fission Reactions in Cooling White Dwarf Stars

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 235,238U, 232Th(n, F), (n, γ), E<1 MeV; calculated composition of solid, 235U enrichment fraction, criticality conditions. ENDF/B-VII.1 library.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.131101
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2021RE05      Phys.Rev.Lett. 126, 172503 (2021)

B.T.Reed, F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Implications of PREX-2 on the Equation of State of Neutron-Rich Matter

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; analyzed available data for the neutron skin thickness; deduced the slope of the symmetry energy, the impact of stiff symmetry energy on some critical neutron-star observables.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.172503
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2020FA09      Phys.Rev. C 102, 065805 (2020)

F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz, B.Reed

GW190814: Impact of a 2.6 solar mass neutron star on the nucleonic equations of state

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.065805
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2020HO16      Phys.Rev. C 102, 044321 (2020)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz, B.Reed

Insights into nuclear saturation density from parity-violating electron scattering

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated charge density, saturation density of nuclear matter, baryon density, extrapolation factor as a function of the neutron skin thickness for several nonrelativistic and relativistic energy density functionals (EDFs) using PREX experimental result for the weak radius of 208Pb, and symmetrized two parameter Fermi function. Comparison with other theoretical predictions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.044321
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2020HU08      Phys.Rev. C 101, 061601 (2020)

S.Hudan, R.T.deSouza, A.S.Umar, Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz

Enhanced dynamics in fusion of neutron-rich oxygen nuclei at above-barrier energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(16O, X), (17O, X), (18O, X), (19O, X), E(cm)=7-20 MeV; calculated above-barrier fusion σ(E) using static and dynamical microscopic model. Comparison with experimental data, and with CCFULL, TDHF and FHF calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.101.061601
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2020KO22      Phys.Rev. C 102, 022501 (2020)

O.Koshchii, J.Erler, M.Gorchtein, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz, X.Roca-Maza, C.-Y.Seng, H.Spiesberger

Weak charge and weak radius of 12C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(e, e), E=155 MeV; calculated parity-violating (PV) asymmetry; deduced weak charge, weak radius and neutron skin of 12C nucleus. Parity-violating electron scattering (PVEC), based on model-independent assessment of the uncertainties. Relevance to experiments at the upcoming MESA facility in Mainz, to quantification of generic isospin symmetry-breaking (ISB) effects, test of unitarity of Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix, and new physics searches with superallowed β decays.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.022501
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2020LI43      Phys.Rev. C 102, 045801 (2020)

Z.Lin, M.E.Caplan, C.J.Horowitz, C.Lunardini

Fast neutrino cooling of nuclear pasta in neutron stars: Molecular dynamics simulations

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.045801
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2020RE08      Phys.Rev. C 101, 045803 (2020)

B.Reed, C.J.Horowitz

Large sound speed in dense matter and the deformability of neutron stars

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.101.045803
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2020RE16      Phys.Rev. C 102, 064308 (2020)

B.T.Reed, Z.Jaffe, C.J.Horowitz, C.Sfienti

Measuring the surface thickness of the weak charge density of nuclei

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 48Ca, 208Pb(polarized e-, e-), E=855, 950, 2220 MeV; calculated differential σ(θ) and parity violating asymmetry including Coulomb distortions, radius and surface thickness parameters, weak charge density versus radius for 855 MeV beam energy, log derivative of parity violating asymmetry with respect to the log of the surface thickness parameter or the log of the weak radius versus scattering angle; evaluated statistical uncertainties and figure of merit (FOM) for proposed experiments at the A1 spectrometer facility of the MAMI accelerator to measure the surface thickness of the weak charge density of a heavy nucleus, further to present PREX-II and CREX parity violating electron scattering experiments probing the weak charge densities. Fermi function fit with relativistic and non-relativistic mean field models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.064308
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2019HO02      Phys.Lett. B 789, 675 (2019)


Weak radius of the proton

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 1H; analyzed available data for proton radius; deduced new experiment for large weak radius with parity violating electron scattering.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2018.12.029
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2019HO13      Ann.Phys.(New York) 411, 167992 (2019)


Neutron rich matter in the laboratory and in the heavens after GW170817

doi: 10.1016/j.aop.2019.167992
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2019HO18      J.Phys.(London) G46, 083001 (2019)

C.J.Horowitz, A.Arcones, B.Cote, I.Dillmann, W.Nazarewicz, I.U.Roederer, H.Schatz, A.Aprahamian, D.Atanasov, A.Bauswein, T.C.Beers, J.Bliss, M.Brodeur, J.A.Clark, A.Frebel, F.Foucart, C.J.Hansen, O.Just, A.Kankainen, G.C.McLaughlin, J.M.Kelly, S.N.Liddick, D.M.Lee, J.Lippuner, D.Martin, J.Mendoza-Temis, B.D.Metzger, M.R.Mumpower, G.Perdikakis, J.Pereira, B.W.O'Shea, R.Reifarth, A.M.Rogers, D.M.Siegel, A.Spyrou, R.Surman, X.Tang, T.Uesaka, M.Wang

r-process nucleosynthesis: connecting rare-isotope beam facilities with the cosmos

doi: 10.1088/1361-6471/ab0849
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2018BR08      Phys.Rev.Lett. 120, 182701 (2018)

E.F.Brown, A.Cumming, F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, D.Page, S.Reddy

Rapid Neutrino Cooling in the Neutron Star MXB 1659-29

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.182701
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2018CA21      Phys.Rev.Lett. 121, 132701 (2018)

M.E.Caplan, A.S.Schneider, C.J.Horowitz

Elasticity of Nuclear Pasta

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.132701
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2018FA05      Phys.Rev.Lett. 120, 172702 (2018)

F.J.Fattoyev, J.Piekarewicz, C.J.Horowitz

Neutron Skins and Neutron Stars in the Multimessenger Era

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated neutron star dimensionless tidal polarizability as a function of the neutron-skin thickness of 208Pb, mass-vs-radius relations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.172702
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2018FA08      Phys.Rev. C 98, 025801 (2018)

F.J.Fattoyev, E.F.Brown, A.Cumming, A.Deibel, C.J.Horowitz, B.-A.Li, Z.Lin

Deep crustal heating by neutrinos from the surface of accreting neutron stars

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1H, Fe(p, π+), Fe(α, π+), E=290-550 MeV/nucleon; calculated multiplicity of pion production as a function of beam energy, total energy per accreted nucleon deposited by neutrinos in the inner crust for a neutron star using the four equations of state, total energy deposited by neutrinos into the inner crust; investigated a new mechanism of deep crustal heating of neutron stars in mass-transferring binaries by neutrinos from decay of charged pions produced at the surface of the neutron stars through p+p, p+Fe and α+Fe collisions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.98.025801
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2018SC11      Phys.Rev. C 98, 055801 (2018)

A.S.Schneider, M.E.Caplan, D.K.Berry, C.J.Horowitz

Domains and defects in nuclear pasta

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.98.055801
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2018VA03      Phys.Rev. C 97, 031601 (2018)

J.Vadas, V.Singh, B.B.Wiggins, J.Huston, S.Hudan, R.T.deSouza, Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz, A.Chbihi, D.Ackermann, M.Famiano, K.W.Brown

Probing the fusion of neutron-rich nuclei with re-accelerated radioactive beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 28Si(39K, X), (47K, X), E=2-3 MeV/nucleon, [ions of 39K from a source, and 47K from a thermalized radioactive beam charge bred in an ion trap, injected into the ReA3 linac at NSCL-MSU facility]; measured reaction products, particles by ΔE-TOF, fusion σ(E); deduced impact of additional neutrons on fusion. Comparison with Wong parametrization, and with different models including coupled-channel calculations using CCFULL code.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.031601
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2290.

2017BO24      Phys.Rev.Lett. 119, 242702 (2017)

R.Bollig, H.-T.Janka, A.Lohs, G.Martinez-Pinedo, C.J.Horowitz, T.Melson

Muon Creation in Supernova Matter Facilitates Neutrino-Driven Explosions

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.242702
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2017CA06      Prog.Part.Nucl.Phys. 94, 68 (2017)

J.Carlson, M.P.Carpenter, R.Casten, C.Elster, P.Fallon, A.Gade, C.Gross, G.Hagen, A.C.Hayes, D.W.Higinbotham, C.R.Howell, C.J.Horowitz, K.L.Jones, F.G.Kondev, S.Lapi, A.Macchiavelli, E.A.McCutchan, J.Natowitz, W.Nazarewicz, T.Papenbrock, S.Reddy, M.J.Savage, G.Savard, B.M.Sherrill, L.G.Sobotka, M.A.Stoyer, M.B.Tsang, K.Vetter, I.Wiedenhoever, A.H.Wuosmaa, S.Yennello

White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics

doi: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.11.002
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2017CU02      Phys.Rev. C 95, 025806 (2017)

A.Cumming, E.F.Brown, F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, D.Page, S.Reddy

Lower limit on the heat capacity of the neutron star core

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.025806
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2017FA05      Phys.Rev. C 95, 055804 (2017)

F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, B.Schuetrumpf

Quantum nuclear pasta and nuclear symmetry energy

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055804
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2017HO05      Phys.Rev. C 95, 025801 (2017)

C.J.Horowitz, O.L.Caballero, Z.Lin, E.O'Connor, A.Schwenk

Neutrino-nucleon scattering in supernova matter from the virial expansion

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.025801
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2017LI41      Phys.Rev. C 96, 055804 (2017)

Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz

Neutrino scattering in supernovae and the universal spin correlations of a unitary gas

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.96.055804
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2017SI03      Phys.Lett. B 765, 99 (2017)

V.Singh, J.Vadas, T.K.Steinbach, B.B.Wiggins, S.Hudan, R.T.deSouza, Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz, L.T.Baby, S.A.Kuvin, V.Tripathi, I.Wiedenhover, A.S.Umar

Fusion enhancement at near and sub-barrier energies in 19O + 12C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(18O, X), (19O, X), E(cm)<20 MeV; measured reaction products; deduced σ. comparison with a state-of-the-art microscopic model.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.12.017
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2257.

2016BE36      Phys.Rev. C 94, 055801 (2016)

D.K.Berry, M.E.Caplan, C.J.Horowitz, G.Huber, A.S.Schneider

"Parking-garage" structures in nuclear astrophysics and cellular biophysics

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.94.055801
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2016SA24      Phys.Rev. C 93, 055801 (2016)

I.Sagert, G.I.Fann, F.J.Fattoyev, S.Postnikov, C.J.Horowitz

Quantum simulations of nuclei and nuclear pasta with the multiresolution adaptive numerical environment for scientific simulations

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 16O, 208Pb, 238U; calculated nuclear ground states, binding energies, shapes of light and heavy nuclei with different geometries with and without spin-orbit forces via three-dimensional (3D) Skyrme Hartree-Fock (SHF) simulations of nuclear pasta with Multi-resolution ADaptive Numerical Environment for Scientific Simulations (MADNESS); deduced that pasta phase remains in waffle geometry. Relevance to exotic shapes of neutron star and supernova matter.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.055801
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2016SC09      Phys.Rev. C 93, 065806 (2016)

A.S.Schneider, D.K.Berry, M.E.Caplan, C.J.Horowitz, Z.Lin

Effect of topological defects on "nuclear pasta" observables

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.065806
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2015CA07      Phys.Rev. C 91, 065802 (2015)

M.E.Caplan, A.S.Schneider, C.J.Horowitz, D.K.Berry

Pasta nucleosynthesis: Molecular dynamics simulations of nuclear statistical equilibrium

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.91.065802
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2015LI27      Phys.Rev. C 92, 014313 (2015)

Z.Lin, C.J.Horowitz

Full weak-charge density distribution of 48Ca from parity-violating electron scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 48Ca(e, e), E=2 GeV; calculated ground state electromagnetic charge and weak charge densities of 48Ca versus radius, σ(θ), six Fourier Bessel coefficients, full radial structure of weak charge density, neutron density, parity violating asymmetry parameter. Comparison with experimental data. 1n; deduced size, surface thickness, shell oscillations, and saturation density of the neutron distribution.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.014313
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2015UM03      Phys.Rev. C 92, 025808 (2015)

A.S.Umar, V.E.Oberacker, C.J.Horowitz, P.-G.Reinhard, J.A.Maruhn

Swelling of nuclei embedded in neutron-gas and consequences for fusion

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 28O(28O, X), E(cm)=2-14 MeV; 60Ca(60Ca, X), E(cm)=34-58 MeV; calculated pycnonuclear fusion cross sections and Astrophysical S factor as a function of external neutron-gas density, up to 500 neutrons for 28O and 1040 for 60Ca using Sao Paulo potential and incoming wave boundary condition (IWBC) method. Relevance to study of fusion of neutron rich nuclei at radioactive ion beam facilities, and to the study of composition and heating of the crust of accreting neutron stars.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.025808
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2014HA01      Phys.Rev. C 89, 014319 (2014)

G.Hagen, T.Papenbrock, A.Ekstrom, K.A.Wendt, G.Baardsen, S.Gandolfi, M.Hjorth-Jensen, C.J.Horowitz

Coupled-cluster calculations of nucleonic matter

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE A=10-1000; N=66, 132; calculated relative finite-size corrections for the kinetic energy in pure neutron matter, E/A of nuclear and neutron matter. Coupled-cluster computations of equation of state (EoS) for symmetric nuclear matter and neutron matter using optimized nucleon-nucleon (NN) potential NNLOopt at next-to-next-to leading order. Comparison with benchmark calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.014319
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2014HO05      Eur.Phys.J. A 50, 48 (2014)

C.J.Horowitz, K.S.Kumar, R.Michaels

Electroweak measurements of neutron densities in CREX and PREX at JLab, USA

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2014-14048-3
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2014HO07      Phys.Rev. C 89, 045503 (2014)


Parity violating elastic electron scattering from 27Al and the Qweak measurement

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(e, e), E=250, 1160 MeV; calculated parity violating asymmetry, differential σ(θ), proton-, and neutron-charge-radii using plane wave Born approximation, FSUgold, and RMF models. Estimate of inelastic scattering and impurity contributions. Comparison with data from Qweak experiment.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.045503
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2014PI06      Phys.Rev. C 90, 015803 (2014)

J.Piekarewicz, F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz

Pulsar glitches: The crust may be enough

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated binding energy per nucleon, charge radius, and neutron-skin thickness, fraction of the crustal moment of inertia as a function of the neutron-skin thickness of 208Pb using relativistic mean-field models FSUGold and NL3. Comparison with experimental data. Calculated fractional moment of inertia of neutron stars of various masses using a representative set of relativistic mean-field models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.90.015803
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2014SC26      Phys.Rev. C 90, 055805 (2014)

A.S.Schneider, D.K.Berry, C.M.Briggs, M.E.Caplan, C.J.Horowitz

Nuclear ``waffles"

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055805
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2013ER04      Phys.Rev. C 87, 044320 (2013)

J.Erler, C.J.Horowitz, W.Nazarewicz, M.Rafalski, P.-G.Reinhard

Energy density functional for nuclei and neutron stars

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated neutron skin radius, electric dipole polarizability, mass-radius relations, correlation of nuclear matter properties with neutron star mass. Z=100, N=140-260; calculated S2n of even-even nuclei. Z=4-120, N=4-300; calculated two neutron and two proton drip lines. Self-consistent nuclear density functional theory (DFT) with Skyrme energy density functionals and covariance analysis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.87.044320
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2013SC26      Phys.Rev. C 88, 065807 (2013)

A.S.Schneider, C.J.Horowitz, J.Hughto, D.K.Berry

Nuclear "pasta" formation

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.065807
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2012BA01      J.Phys.(London) G39, 015104 (2012)

S.Ban, C.J.Horowitz, R.Michaels

Parity violating electron scattering measurements of neutron densities

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40,48Ca, 112,120,124Sn, 208Pb(e, e), E=1.05, 1.8 GeV; calculated error estimates for neutron radius measurements, surface thickness of neutron density.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/39/1/015104
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2012HO07      Phys.Rev. C 85, 032501 (2012)

C.J.Horowitz, Z.Ahmed, C.-M.Jen, A.Rakhman, P.A.Souder, M.M.Dalton, N.Liyanage, K.D.Paschke, K.Saenboonruang, R.Silwal, G.B.Franklin, M.Friend, B.Quinn, K.S.Kumar, D.McNulty, L.Mercado, S.Riordan, J.Wexler, R.W.Michaels, G.M.Urciuoli

Weak charge form factor and radius of 208Pb through parity violation in electron scattering

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated weak charge form factor, weak charge radius, weak charge density using point neutron radius from Lead Radius Experiment (PREX) parity-violating asymmetry measurement. Distorted wave electron scattering calculations, Helm model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.032501
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2012HO23      Prog.Theor.Phys.(Kyoto), Suppl. 196, 451 (2012)


Multi-Messenger Observations of Neutron Rich Matter

doi: 10.1143/PTPS.196.451
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2012HO24      Phys.Rev. C 86, 045503 (2012)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Impact of spin-orbit currents on the electroweak skin of neutron-rich nuclei

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 22O, 48Ca, 90Zr, 118,132Sn, 138Ba, 158Dy, 176Yb, 208Pb; calculated proton-, neutron-, charge-, weak-charge radii, neutron and weak skins. NL3 and FSU relativistic mean-field approximation. Spin-orbit contributions to the electroweak skin of neutron-rich nuclei.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.045503
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2012HO25      Phys.Rev. C 86, 065806 (2012)

C.J.Horowitz, G.Shen, E.O'Connor, C.D.Ott

Charged-current neutrino interactions in core-collapse supernovae in a virial expansion

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.065806
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2012TS04      Phys.Rev. C 86, 015803 (2012)

M.B.Tsang, J.R.Stone, F.Camera, P.Danielewicz, S.Gandolfi, K.Hebeler, C.J.Horowitz, J.Lee, W.G.Lynch, Z.Kohley, R.Lemmon, P.Moller, T.Murakami, S.Riordan, X.Roca-Maza, F.Sammarruca, A.W.Steiner, I.Vidana, S.J.Yennello

Constraints on the symmetry energy and neutron skins from experiments and theory

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; analyzed neutron-skin thickness, symmetry energy constraints. Contributions of three-body forces in neutron matter models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.015803
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2012UM02      Phys.Rev. C 85, 055801 (2012)

A.S.Umar, V.E.Oberacker, C.J.Horowitz

Microscopic sub-barrier fusion calculations for the neutron star crust

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 16,24,28O(16O, X), (24O, X), E(cm)=2-13 MeV; calculated nuclear density contours, potential barriers, fusion σ(E), astrophysical S factor. Time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory with density-constrained Hartree-Fock calculations. Comparison with Sao Paulo static barrier penetration model and experimental data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.055801
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2011GO21      Phys.Rev. C 84, 015502 (2011)

M.Gorchtein, C.J.Horowitz, M.J.Ramsey-Musolf

Model dependence of the γ Z dispersion correction to the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic ep scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1H(polarized e, e), E=2.2375-5.498 GeV; calculated total photoabsorption cross section, differential cross section for inclusive electroproduction; deduced theory uncertainty at the kinematics of the Q-Weak experiment. Comparison with experimental data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.84.015502
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2011HO12      Int.J.Mod.Phys. E20, 2077 (2011)


Multi-Messenger Observations of Neutron-Rich Matter

doi: 10.1142/S0218301311020332
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2011HO22      J.Phys.:Conf.Ser. 312, 042003 (2011)


Neutron rich matter, neutron stars, and their crusts

doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/312/4/042003
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2011SH11      Phys.Rev. C 83, 035802 (2011)

G.Shen, C.J.Horowitz, S.Teige

New equation of state for astrophysical simulations

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.035802
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2011SH22      Phys.Rev. C 83, 065808 (2011)

G.Shen, C.J.Horowitz, E.O'Connor

Second relativistic mean field and virial equation of state for astrophysical simulations

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.065808
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2010FA18      Phys.Rev. C 82, 055803 (2010)

F.J.Fattoyev, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz, G.Shen

Relativistic effective interaction for nuclei, giant resonances, and neutron stars

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 40,48Ca, 90Zr, 132Sn, 208Pb; calculated binding energy, charge radii, neutron skin thickness, charge and neutron densities, centroid energies of giant-monopole resonances (GMR) using relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory and NL3, FSU and IU-FSU interactions. Equation of state for neutron-star structure. Comparison with experimental data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.82.055803
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2010SH15      Phys.Rev. C 82, 015806 (2010)

G.Shen, C.J.Horowitz, S.Teige

Equation of state of dense matter from a density dependent relativistic mean field model

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.82.015806
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2010SH26      Phys.Rev. C 82, 045802 (2010)

G.Shen, C.J.Horowitz, S.Teige

Equation of state of nuclear matter in a virial expansion of nucleons and nuclei

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE Z=3-60, A=12-160; calculated free energy/nucleon and mass fractions using equation of state (EOS) model of nuclear matter at subnuclear density in a virial expansion for a nonideal gas of neutrons, protons, α particles, and 8980 species of nuclei at temperatures of 0.158 to 15.8 MeV.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.82.045802
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2009HO03      Phys.Rev. C 79, 065803 (2009)

C.J.Horowitz, D.K.Berry

Structure of accreted neutron star crust

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.79.065803
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2008AR06      Phys.Rev. C 78, 015806 (2008)

A.Arcones, G.Martinez-Pinedo, E.O'Connor, A.Schwenk, H.-Th.Janka, C.J.Horowitz, K.Langanke

Influence of light nuclei on neutrino-driven supernova outflows

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 3H(ν-bar, ν-bar), (ν-bar, e+), E=11-100 MeV; calculated σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.015806
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2008CA24      Phys.Rev. C 78, 045805 (2008)

O.L.Caballero, S.Postnikov, C.J.Horowitz, M.Prakash

Shear viscosity of the outer crust of neutron stars: Ion contributions

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.045805
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2008GO12      Phys.Rev. C 77, 044606 (2008)

M.Gorchtein, C.J.Horowitz

Analyzing power in elastic scattering of electrons off a spin-0 target

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 4He(e, e), E=3 GeV; 208Pb(e, e), E=850, 2700 MeV; calculated analyzing power. Comparison with experimental data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.77.044606
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2008HO06      Phys.Rev. C 77, 045807 (2008)

C.J.Horowitz, H.Dussan, D.K.Berry

Fusion of neutron-rich oxygen isotopes in the crust of accreting neutron stars

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 24O(24O, X);28Ne(28Ne, X), E=1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8; calculated astrophysical S-factor, reaction rates. O, Ne, Ti, Se; radial distribution functions, screening potentials, thermonuclear fusion reaction rates.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.77.045807
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2008HO07      Phys.Rev. C 78, 015801 (2008)

C.J.Horowitz, G.Shen

Shell states of neutron-rich matter

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.015801
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2008HO09      Phys.Rev. C 78, 035806 (2008)

C.J.Horowitz, D.K.Berry

Shear viscosity and thermal conductivity of nuclear "pasta"

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.035806
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2007OC01      Phys.Rev. C 75, 055803 (2007)

E.O'Connor, D.Gazit, C.J.Horowitz, A.Schwenk, N.Barnea

Neutrino breakup of A = 3 nuclei in supernovae

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 3H(ν, X), 3He(ν, X), E not given; calculated mass fraction of nucleons, average neutral current inclusive inelastic cross section per nucleon, and neutrino energy loss for inelastic excitations at supernova temperature and desities using the cirial equation of state.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.055803
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2006CA36      Phys.Rev.C 74, 065801 (2006)

O.L.Caballero, C.J.Horowitz, D.K.Berry

Neutrino scattering in heterogeneous supernova plasmas

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.065801
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2006HO09      Phys.Lett. B 638, 153 (2006)

C.J.Horowitz, A.Schwenk

The virial equation of state of low-density neutron matter

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.05.055
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2006HO12      Nucl.Phys. A776, 55 (2006)

C.J.Horowitz, A.Schwenk

Cluster formation and the virial equation of state of low-density nuclear matter

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.05.009
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2006HO18      Eur.Phys.J. A 30, 303 (2006)


Links between heavy ion and astrophysics

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2006-10124-7
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2006HO22      Phys.Lett. B 642, 326 (2006)

C.J.Horowitz, A.Schwenk

The neutrino response of low-density neutron matter from the virial expansion

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.09.042
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2006NO08      Phys.Lett. B 639, 465 (2006)

A.Nogga, A.C.Fonseca, A.Gardestig, C.Hanhart, C.J.Horowitz, G.A.Miller, J.A.Niskanen, U.van Kolck

Realistic few-body physics in the dd → απ0

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 2H(d, π0), E=293 MeV; calculated σ, related matrix elements. Effective field theory with four-body theory.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.04.058
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2005CO18      Phys.Rev. C 72, 034602 (2005)

E.D.Cooper, C.J.Horowitz

Vector analyzing power in elastic electron-nucleus scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 4He(e, e), E=3 GeV; 208Pb(e, e), E=200, 850 MeV; 16O, 40Ca, 90Zr(e, e), E=850 MeV; calculated σ(θ), vector analyzing power.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72.034602
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2005HO07      Eur.Phys.J. A 24, Supplement 2, 167 (2005)


Parity violation in astrophysics

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(polarized e, e), E=850 MeV; calculated Ay(θ).

doi: 10.1140/epjad/s2005-04-042-x
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2005HO27      Phys.Rev. C 72, 035801 (2005)

C.J.Horowitz, M.A.Perez-Garcia, D.K.Berry, J.Piekarewicz

Dynamical response of the nuclear "pasta" in neutron star crusts

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72.035801
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2004GA22      Phys.Rev. C 69, 044606 (2004)

A.Gardestig, C.J.Horowitz, A.Nogga, A.C.Fonseca, C.Hanhart, G.A.Miller, J.A.Niskanen, U.van Kolck

Survey of charge symmetry breaking operators for dd → απ0

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 2H(d, π0), E=228.5, 231.8 MeV; calculated pion production total σ, charge symmetry breaking amplitudes; deduced reaction mechanism features. Effective field theory approach.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.69.044606
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2004HO11      Phys.Rev. C 69, 045804 (2004)

C.J.Horowitz, M.A.Perez-Garcia, J.Piekarewicz

Neutrino-"pasta" scattering: The opacity of nonuniform neutron-rich matter

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.69.045804
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2004HO23      Phys.Rev. C 70, 065806 (2004)

C.J.Horowitz, M.A.Perez-Garcia, J.Carriere, D.K.Berry, J.Piekarewicz

Nonuniform neutron-rich matter and coherent neutrino scattering

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.70.065806
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2003HO15      Phys.Rev. C 68, 025803 (2003)

C.J.Horowitz, M.A.Perez-Garcia

Realistic neutrino opacities for supernova simulations with correlations and weak magnetism

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.68.025803
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2002HO21      Phys.Rev. C 66, 055803 (2002)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Constraining URCA cooling of neutron stars from the neutron radius of 208Pb

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; analyzed neutron, proton radii, application to astrophysical data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.66.055803
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2002HO23      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 16, 113 (2002)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

The Lead Nucleus as a Miniature Surrogate or a Neutron Star

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated matter densities, neutron skin thickness. Application to neutron star studies discussed.

doi: 10.1556/APH.16.2002.1-4.13
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2001HO01      Phys.Rev. C63, 011303 (2001)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Density Dependence of Charge Symmetry Breaking

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.011303
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2001HO03      Phys.Rev. C63, 025501 (2001)

C.J.Horowitz, S.J.Pollock, P.A.Souder, R.Michaels

Parity Violating Measurements of Neutron Densities

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(e, e), E=0.85 GeV; 138Ba(e, e), E=1.0 GeV; calculated σ(q), parity violating asymmetry, sensitivity to neutron radius.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.025501
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2001HO17      Phys.Rev.Lett. 86, 5647 (2001)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Neutron Star Structure and the Neutron Radius of 208Pb

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated binding energies, neutron and proton radii. Relativistic effective field theory, implications for neutron star structure discussed.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5647
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2001HO33      Phys.Rev. C64, 062802 (2001)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Neutron Radii of 208Pb and Neutron Stars

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208Pb; calculated neutron, proton density distributions, radii. Relativistic effective field theory, implications for neutron star radii discussed.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.64.062802
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1999HO17      Phys.Rev.Lett. 82, 5198 (1999)

C.J.Horowitz, G.Li

Nucleosynthesis in Supernovae

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1n(ν, e), 1H(ν, e+), E ≈ 10-25 MeV; analyzed σ in supernova environment; deduced implications for nucleosynthesis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.5198
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1999HO20      Phys.Rev. C60, 022801 (1999)


High Energy Solar Neutrinos and p-Wave Contributions to 3He(p, νe+)4He

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 3He(p, e+ν), E not given; 3He(p, p), E < 30 MeV; calculated p-wave contribution to S factor. Application the solar neutrino spectra discussed.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.022801
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1998HO12      Phys.Rev. C57, 3430 (1998)


Parity Violating Elastic Electron Scattering and Coulomb Distortions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 4He, 16O, 48Ca, 138Ba, 208Pb(e, e), E=850 MeV; 12C(e, e), E=200 MeV; calculated parity-violating asymmetry vs θ; 208Pb(e, e), E=502, 850, 3000 MeV; calculated parity-violating asymmetry vs momentum transfer; deduced Coulomb distortion effects.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.3430
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1998HO18      Nucl.Phys. A640, 281 (1998)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Macroscopic Parity Violation and Supernova Asymmetries

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(98)00444-8
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1996GA03      Phys.Rev. C53, 1143 (1996)

S.Gardner, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Isospin-Violating Meson-Nucleon Vertices as an Alternate Mechanism of Charge-Symmetry Breaking

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.1143
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1996KI05      Phys.Rev. C53, 2468 (1996)

H.Kim, S.Schramm, C.J.Horowitz

Delta Excitations in Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 16O(ν, μ), E=1 GeV; calculated double differential σ. Quasielastic scattering, Δ-hole excitation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2468
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1996KI06      Phys.Rev. C53, 3131 (1996)

H.Kim, S.Schramm, C.J.Horowitz

Detection of Atmospheric Neutrinos and Relativistic Nuclear Structure Effects

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.3131
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1995GA31      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 2462 (1995)

S.Gardner, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Charge-Symmetry-Breaking Potentials from Isospin-Violating Meson-Baryon Coupling Constants

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1H(polarized n, n), E=183 MeV; analyzed n, p analyzing power difference data; deduced charge symmetry breaking potential characteristics. Polarized target.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.2462
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1995KI01      Phys.Rev. C51, 792 (1995)

H.Kim, C.J.Horowitz, M.R.Frank

Relativistic Models for Quasielastic (e, e') at Large Momentum Transfers

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40Ca(e, e'), E not given; calculated transverse response functions. 56Fe(e, e'), E not given; calculated longitudinal response functions. Relativistic model, momentum dependent scalar, vector mean fields.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.792
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1995KI08      Phys.Rev. C51, 2739 (1995)

H.Kim, J.Piekarewicz, C.J.Horowitz

Relativistic Nuclear Structure Effects in Quasielastic Neutrino Scattering

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.2739
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1994GA21      Phys.Rev. C50, 1137 (1994)

S.Gardner, C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Dynamical Color Correlations in a SU(2)(c) Quark Exchange Model of Nuclear Matter

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.1137
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1994HO04      Phys.Rev. C49, 1337 (1994)

C.J.Horowitz, H.O.Meyer, D.K.Griegel

Role of Heavy-Meson Exchange in Pion Production Near Threshold

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1H(p, pπ0), E < 400 MeV; calculated σ vs E, pion momentum; deduced heavy meson exchange role.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.1337
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1994HO09      Phys.Rev. C49, 3042 (1994)

C.J.Horowitz, O.Yilmaz

Parity Violation in Heavy Nuclei in a Relativistic Hartree-Fock Approximation

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 207Pb; calculated parity violating matrix element. Relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.3042
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1994HO15      Phys.Rev. C50, 2540 (1994)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Relativistic Treatment of Spin-Transfer Observables in Quasielastic (p(pol), n(pol) Scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40Ca(e, e'), E not given; calculated transverse response function. 12C, 2H, 40Ca(polarized p, n), E not given; calculated spin-transfer observables. Relativistic PWIA.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.2540
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1994HO18      Nucl.Phys. A577, 137c (1994)

C.J.Horowitz, J.Piekarewicz

Relativistic Models of the Spin-Isospin-Weak Quasielastic Response

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 40Ca(polarized p, n), E=495 MeV; calculated spin response functions longitudinal to transverse ratio. Relativistic formalism.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)90846-X
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1994SC13      Phys.Rev. C49, 2777 (1994)

S.Schramm, C.J.Horowitz

Meson Exchange Effects in Parity Violating Electron-Deuteron Scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 2H(e, e'X), E not given; calculated parity violating response functions ratio, asymmetry; deduced heavy meson exchange effects contribution.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.2777
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