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NSR database version of April 11, 2024.

Search: Author = W.Loveland

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2022MO03      Nucl.Instrum.Methods Phys.Res. A1021, 165864 (2022)

M.Monterial, K.T.Schmitt, C.Prokop, E.Leal-Cidoncha, M.Anastasiou, N.S.Bowden, J.Bundgaard, R.J.Casperson, D.A.Cebra, T.Classen, D.H.Dongwi, N.Fotiades, J.Gearhart, V.Geppert-Kleinrath, U.Greife, C.Hagmann, M.Heffner, D.Hensle, D.Higgins, L.D.Isenhower, K.Kazkaz, A.Kemnitz, J.King, J.L.Klay, J.Latta, W.Loveland, J.A.Magee, B.Manning, M.P.Mendenhall, S.Mosby, D.Neudecker, S.Sangiorgio, B.Seilhan, L.Snyder, F.Tovesson, R.S.Towell, N.Walsh, T.S.Watson, L.Yao, W.Younes

Measurement of material isotopics and atom number ratio with α-particle spectroscopy for a NIFFTE fission Time Projection Chamber actinide target

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 235U, 239Pu(n, F), E not given; measured fission products, Eα, Iα; deduced isotopic concentrations and atomic number ratio.

doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2021.165864
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2022PI04      Phys.Rev. C 106, 044603 (2022)

A.Pica, A.T.Chemey, W.Loveland

Fast-neutron-induced fission of 240Pu and 242Pu

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 240,242Pu(n, F), E=1-100 MeV; measured reaction products, fission fragments, time-of-flight, En, event-by-event analysis of fission fragment energy, (fragment)n-coin; deduced pre- and postneutron total kinetic energy, neutron multiplicity, mass yield distribution, width of the fission fragment mass distribution, ratio of the distance between charge centers at scission and that of spherical touching nuclei. Comparison to the predictions of the GEF model, the CGMF model, and the model of Denisov and Sedykh and to the previous experimental results. "White" spectrum neutrons from 15R beamline at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center at the Weapons Neutron Research (LANSCE-WNR, LANL).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.106.044603
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2020CH50      Eur.Phys.J. A 56, 297 (2020)

A.Chemey, A.Pica, L.Yao, W.Loveland, H.Y.Lee, S.A.Kuvin

Total kinetic energy and mass yields from the fast neutron-induced fission of 239Pu

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 239Pu(n, F), E=2.4-100 MeV; measured reaction products; deduced fission fragment mass distributions, mass yields, total kinetic energy (TKE) release in fission. Comparison with available data. The Los Alamos National Lab (LANL) WNR facility, on Flight Path 15R (FP15R).

doi: 10.1140/epja/s10050-020-00295-6
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 dataset14715.


2020DE09      Phys.Rev. C 101, 034612 (2020)

V.V.Desai, A.Pica, W.Loveland, J.S.Barrett, E.A.McCutchan, S.Zhu, A.D.Ayangeakaa, M.P.Carpenter, J.P.Greene, T.Lauritsen, R.V.F.Janssens, B.M.S.Amro, W.B.Walters

Multinucleon transfer in the interaction of 977 MeV and 1143 MeV 204Hg with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(204Hg, X)72Ga/81mRb/85Kr/91Sr/92Sr/97Zr/90Nb/99Mo/93Tc/99Tc/97Ru/103Ru/112Ag/115Cd/117Sb/131I/125Xe/135Xe/140Ba/143Ce/156Sm/154Tb/167Ho/169Lu/180mHf/181Re/182Re/188Re/191Os/188Ir/190Ir/195Pt/192Au/193Au/194Au/196Au/198Au/199Au/200mAu/195mHg/197Hg/203Hg/198Tl/199Tl/200Tl/201Tl/202Tl/200Pb/201Pb/202mPb/203Pb/204Pb/202Bi/203Bi/204Bi/205Bi/206Bi/206Po/208At/209At/210At/211Rn, E=977 MeV; 208Pb(204Hg, X)69Zn/72Zn/82Br/86Y/87Y/91Sr/96Nb/95Tc/96Tc/97Zr/97Ru/99Mo/101Rh/103Ru/105Ru/111In/115Cd/117Sb/120mSb/122Sb/128Sb/132Cs/135mBa/140Ba/143Ce/147Gd/172Er/165Tm/169Lu/171Lu/170Hf/173Hf/180mHf/176Ta/177Ta/178Ta/183Ta/181Re/182Re/188Re/189Re/183Os/185Os/186Ir/188Ir/190Ir/188Pt/191Pt/197mPt/193Au/194Au/196Au/198Au/199Au/200mAu/193mHg/195mHg/197Hg/203Hg/197Tl/199Tl/200Tl/201Tl/202Tl/200Pb/201Pb/202mPb/203Pb/203Bi/204Bi/205Bi/206Bi/206Po/207Po/209At/210At/211Rn, E=1143 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, fragment cumulative and independent σ for nuclei produced in multi-nucleon transfer (MNT) reactions using Gammasphere array for off-line γ counting at ANT-ATLAS facility. Comparison with theoretical predictions of GRAZING-F, dinuclear systems (DNS), and improved quantum molecular dynamics (ImQMD) models, and with previous experimental results from MNT reactions: 248Cm(16O, X), (86Kr, X), (129Xe, X), (132Xe, X), (136Xe, X), 197Au(238U, X), 238U(18O, X), (238U, X), 208Pb(18O, X), (64Ni, X), (136Xe, X), 198Pt(136Xe, X). No evidence for production of nuclei near the N=126 shell.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.101.034612
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2515.


2020DE18      Eur.Phys.J. A 56, 150 (2020)

V.V.Desai, W.Loveland, R.Yanez, G.Lane, S.Zhu, A.D.Ayangekaa, J.P.Greene, F.G.Kondev, R.V.F.Janssens, P.A.Copp

The 136Xe + 198Pt reaction: a detailed re-examination

doi: 10.1140/epja/s10050-020-00154-4
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2020PI16      Phys.Rev. C 102, 064612 (2020)

A.Pica, A.T.Chemey, L.Yao, W.Loveland, H.Y.Lee, S.A.Kuvin

Total kinetic energy release in the fast-neutron-induced fission of 237Np

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 237Np(n, F), E=2.6-100 MeV; measured fission fragments, time of flight of each interacting neutron using two arrays of nine Si PIN photodiodes at the LANSCE-WNR facility; deduced mass yield distributions, post- and pre-neutron emission total kinetic energy (TKEs), σ(E), product mass TKE distributions as function of neutron energy, dependence of asymmetric TKE events on neutron energy. Comparison with predictions of GEF (GEneral description of Fission observables) model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.102.064612
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 dataset14677.


2019DE15      Phys.Rev. C 99, 044604 (2019)

V.V.Desai, W.Loveland, K.McCaleb, R.Yanez, G.Lane, S.S.Hota, M.W.Reed, H.Watanabe, S.Zhu, K.Auranen, A.D.Ayangeakaa, M.P.Carpenter, J.P.Greene, F.G.Kondev, D.Seweryniak, R.V.F.Janssens, P.A.Copp

The 136Xe + 198Pt reaction: A test of models of multi-nucleon transfer reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 198Pt(136Xe, X)43K/69mZn/72Zn/72As/73Ga/96Nb/97Zr/99Mo/99mTc/105Rh/110In/112Pd/115mIn/120mSb/122Sb/124I/125Xe/126Sb/127Sb/127Xe/127Cs/128Sb/130I/132I/131mTe/131Ba/132I/132Cs/133I/133mXe/135I/135Xe/135mBa/136Cs/140Ba/140La/142Pr/143Ce/153Sm/154Tb/157Dy/169Lu/173Hf/175Hf/176Ta/177Ta/180mHf/181Re/182Re/182Os/183Os/184Ta/188Re/188Ir/189Re/190Ir/191Pt/193Au/194Ir/194Au/195mIr/195mPt/195mHg/196mIr/196mAu/197Hg/198Au/199Au/200mAu/200Tl/200Pb/201Tl/201Pb/202Tl/202mPb/203Hg/203Pb/204Bi, E=760.5 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, cumulative and independent yields and σ of projectile-like, fission and target-like fragments using Gammasphere array for online γ detection and an HPGe detector for offline γ spectroscopy at ATLAS-ANL facility. Comparison with predictions of GRAZING, di-nuclear systems (DNS), and improved quantum molecular dynamics (ImQMD) models for multi-nucleon transfer reactions, and with previous experimental results.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.99.044604
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2398.


2018LO19      Eur.Phys.J. A 54, 140 (2018)

W.Loveland, A.M.Vinodkumar, R.Yanez, L.Yao, J.King, J.Lassen, A.Rojas

Sub-barrier fusion of 11Li with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(11Li, x), E=26.1-32.7[sub-barrier]; measured reaction products isotopes; deduced complete, incomplete, total fusion σ, added published σ of the same group at different energies; calculated nuclidic σ using HIVAP statistical model code.

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2018-12572-8
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2567.


2018WA06      Phys.Rev. C 97, 021602 (2018)

A.Wakhle, K.Hammerton, Z.Kohley, D.J.Morrissey, K.Stiefel, J.Yurkon, J.Walshe, K.J.Cook, M.Dasgupta, D.J.Hinde, D.J.Jeung, E.Prasad, D.C.Rafferty, C.Simenel, E.C.Simpson, K.Vo-Phuoc, J.King, W.Loveland, R.Yanez

Capture cross sections for the synthesis of new heavy nuclei using radioactive beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 181Ta(39K, X), E=180-210 MeV; 181Ta(46K, X), E=190-215 MeV; measured time of flight and relative position of fission fragments, capture-fission σ(E) from a binary event using 14UD Heavy-ion accelerator facility of Australian National University (ANU), and Coupled Cyclotron Facility (CCF) projectile fragmentation facility at NSCL-MSU, and the Coincident Fission Fragment Detector (CFFD) at the ReA3 facility at NSCL; deduced velocity vectors of the coincident fragments, masses and angular distributions of fission fragments. Comparison with several phenomenological models and microscopic time-dependent Hartree-Fock calculations. Discussed implications for the synthesis of heavy nuclei at radioactive beam facilities. 197Au(31Al, X), E(cm), 248Cm(26Mg, X), E(cm)=110-160 MeV; 248Cm(48Ca, X), E(cm)=195-230 MeV; 154Sm(31Al, X), E(cm)=125-190 MeV; 238U(48Ca, X), E(cm)=185-235 MeV; 238U(64Ni, X), E(cm)=260-300 MeV; compiled theoretical and experimental values of capture fission σ(E). Comparison with several theoretical results.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.021602
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2285.


2018YA03      Phys.Rev. C 97, 014608 (2018)

L.Yao, W.Loveland

Survival-mediated capture and fusion cross sections for heavy-element synthesis

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 249Cf(p, 3n)250Es*, E=23 MeV; 233U(3He, 5n)236Pu*, E=44.7 MeV; 249Cf(11B, 3n)260Lr*, E=63 MeV; 204Pb(12C, 5n)216Rn*, E=78 MeV; 232Th(12C, 4n)244Cm*, E=74 MeV; 232Th(12C, 5n)244Cm*, E=74 MeV; 233U(12C, 3n)245Cf*, E=67 MeV; 234U(12C, 4n)246Cf*, E=72 MeV; 235U(12C, 3n)247Cf*, E=67.5 MeV; 235U(12C, 4n)247Cf*, E=70.5 MeV; 235U(12C, 5n)247Cf*, E=77.5 MeV; 236U(12C, 3n)248Cf*, E=67.5 MeV; 236U(12C, 4n)248Cf*, E=70 MeV; 236U(12C, 5n)248Cf*, E=77.5 MeV; 238U(12C, 4n)250Cf*, E=67.5 MeV; 238U(12C, 5n)250Cf*, E=73.5 MeV; 237Np(12C, 4n)249Es*, E=67.6 MeV; 237Np(12C, 5n)249Es*, E=81 MeV; 239Pu(12C, 4n)251Fm*, E=74 MeV; 239Pu(12C, 5n)251Fm*, E=78 MeV; 241Pu(13C, 4n)254Fm*, E=67.3 MeV; 240Pu(12C, 4n)252Fm*, E=71 MeV; 242Pu(12C, 4n)254Fm*, E=64 MeV; 241Am(12C, 4n)253Md*, E=72 MeV; 241Am(12C, 5n)253Md*, E=81 MeV; 243Am(12C, 4n)255Md*, E=71 MeV; 243Am(12C, 5n)255Md*, E=81 MeV; 243Am(13C, 3n)256Md*, E=70 MeV; 243Am(13C, 4n)256Md*, E=70 MeV; 243Am(13C, 5n)256Md*, E=81 MeV; 244Cm(12C, 4n)256No*, E=73.3 MeV; 244Cm(12C, 5n)256No*, E=83 MeV; 244Cm(13C, 3n)257No*, E=69.8 MeV; 244Cm(13C, 4n)257No*, E=72.8 MeV; 244Cm(13C, 5n)257No*, E=82 MeV; 246Cm(12C, 4n)258No*, E=72 MeV; 246Cm(12C, 5n)258No*, E=83 MeV; 246Cm(13C, 3n)259No*, E=67.5 MeV; 246Cm(13C, 4n)259No*, E=69.5 MeV; 246Cm(13C, 5n)259No*, E=78.5 MeV; 248Cm(12C, 3n)260No*, E=69.2 MeV; 248Cm(12C, 4n)260No*, E=71.2 MeV; 248Cm(12C, 5n)260No*, E=77.8 MeV; 248Cm(13C, 4n)261No*, E=70.5 MeV; 248Cm(13C, 5n)261No*, E=74.8 MeV; 249Cf(12C, 4n)261Rf*, E=71 MeV; 249Cf(12C, 5n)261Rf*, E=85 MeV; 249Cf(13C, 4n)262Rf*, E=72 MeV; 235U(15N, 4n)250Es*, E=78 MeV; 238U(14N, 5n)252Es*, E=83 MeV; 208Pb(16O, 4n)224Th*, E=91 MeV; 209Bi(18O, 3n)227Pa*, E=92.6 MeV; 241Am(15N, 4n)256No*, E=82.9 MeV; 243Am(15N, 4n)258No*, E=83 MeV; 248Cm(15N, 3n)263Lr*, E=78 MeV; 248Cm(15N, 4n)263Lr*, E=81 MeV; 248Cm(15N, 5n)263Lr*, E=88 MeV; 58Ni(50Cr, 3n)108Te*, E=214 MeV; 249Bk(15N, 4n)264Rf*, E=81.6 MeV; 249Cf(15N, 4n)264Db*, E=86 MeV; 250Cf(15N, 4n)265Rf*, E=84 MeV; 233U(16O, 4n)249Fm*, E=93 MeV; 233U(16O, 5n)249Fm*, E=97 MeV; 238U(16O, 4n)254Fm*, E=91 MeV; 238U(16O, 5n)254Fm*, E=91 MeV; 238U(18O, 3n)256Fm*, E=88 MeV; 238U(18O, 4n)256Fm*, E=88 MeV; 238U(18O, 5n)256Fm*, E=94 MeV; 239Pu(18O, 4n)257No*, E=91 MeV; 239Pu(18O, 4n)257Fm*, E=91 MeV; 239Pu(18O, 5n)257Fm*, E=96 MeV; 242Pu(16O, 4n)258Fm*, E=89 MeV; 245Cm(18O, 4n)263Rf*, E=93 MeV; 246Cm(16O, 4n)262Rf*, E=95 MeV; 248Cm(16O, 4n)264Rf*, E=92 MeV; 248Cm(18O, 4n)266Rf*, E=89 MeV; 248Cm(18O, 4n)266Rf*, E=94 MeV; 249Bk(16O, 4n)265Db*, E=92 MeV; 249Bk(16O, 5n)265Db*, E=92 MeV; 249Bk(18O, 4n)267Db*, E=91 MeV; 249Bk(18O, 5n)267Db*, E=91 MeV; 249Cf(18O, 4n)267Sg*, E=95 MeV; 205Tl(22Ne, 3n)227Pa*, E=97 MeV; 238U(19F, 4n)257Md*, E=96 MeV; 238U(19F, 5n)257Md*, E=103 MeV; 209Bi(22Ne, 4n)231Np*, E=121 MeV; 209Bi(22Ne, 5n)231Np*, E=121 MeV; 248Cm(19F, 4n)267Db*, E=98 MeV; 248Cm(19F, 5n)267Db*, E=106 MeV; 232Th(22Ne, 4n)254Fm*, E=106 MeV; 236U(22Ne, 4n)258No*, E=112 MeV; 236U(22Ne, 5n)258No*, E=124 MeV; 238U(22Ne, 5n)260No*, E=117 MeV; 242Pu(22Ne, 4n)264Rf*, E=114 MeV; 242Pu(22Ne, 5n)264Rf*, E=114 MeV; 244Pu(22Ne, 5n)266Rf*, E=114 MeV; 241Am(22Ne, 4n)263Db*, E=118 MeV; 241Am(22Ne, 5n)263Db*, E=118 MeV; 243Am(22Ne, 4n)265Db*, E=116 MeV; 248Cm(22Ne, 5n)270Sg*, E=117.8 MeV; 249Bk(22Ne, 4n)271Bh*, E=120 MeV; 249Bk(22Ne, 5n)271Bh*, E=120 MeV; 208Pb(24Mg, 3n)232Pu*, E=132 MeV; 208Pb(24Mg, 4n)232Pu*, E=132 MeV; 208Pb(26Mg, 4n)234Pu*, E=135 MeV; 248Cm(23Na, 5n)271Bh*, E=132 MeV; 232Th(26Mg, 4n)258No*, E=136 MeV; 232Th(26Mg, 5n)258No*, E=136 MeV; 238U(26Mg, 3n)264Rf*, E=121.8 MeV; 238U(26Mg, 4n)264Rf*, E=128.1, 134 MeV; 238U(26Mg, 5n)264Rf*, E=138.5, 140 MeV; 243Am(26Mg, 4n)269Bh*, E=168 MeV; 243Am(26Mg, 5n)269Bh*, E=168 MeV; 248Cm(25Mg, 4n)273Hs*, E=140 MeV; 248Cm(25Mg, 5n)273Hs*, E=140 MeV; 248Cm(26Mg, 3n)274Hs*, E=145 MeV; 248Cm(26Mg, 4n)274Hs*, E=145 MeV; 248Cm(26Mg, 5n)274Hs*, E=145 MeV; 182W(32S, 3n)214Th*, E=195 MeV; 182W(32S, 4n)214Th*, E=195 MeV; 236U(27Al, 5n)263Db*, E=154 MeV; 181Ta(35Cl, 5n)216Th*, E=190.5 MeV; 198Pt(34S, 4n)232Pu*, E=171 MeV; 238U(30Si, 3n)268Sg*, E=151 MeV; 238U(30Si, 4n)268Sg*, E=151 MeV; 238U(30Si, 5n)268Sg*, E=161 MeV; 176Hf(40Ar, 3n)216Th*, E=172.5 MeV; 178Hf(40Ar, 3n)218Th*, E=167.6 MeV; 178Hf(40Ar, 4n)218Th*, E=178.6 MeV; 180Hf(40Ar, 3n)220Th*, E=167 MeV; 180Hf(40Ar, 4n)220Th*, E=177 MeV; 180Hf(40Ar, 3n)220Th*, E=187.5 MeV; 207Pb(34S, 3n)241Cf*, E=172 MeV; 204Pb(36S, 2n)240Cf*, E=163.6 MeV; 204Pb(36S, 3n)240Cf*, E=172.6 MeV; 206Pb(36S, 2n)242Cf*, E=163.6 MeV; 206Pb(36S, 3n)242Cf*, E=162.6 MeV; 207Pb(36S, 2n)243Cf*, E=165.5 MeV; 207Pb(36S, 3n)243Cf*, E=170.3 MeV; 181Ta(40Ar, 3n)221Pa*, E=177 MeV; 181Ta(40Ar, 4n)221Pa*, E=179.4 MeV; 182W(40Ar, 3n)222U*, E=194 MeV; 182W(40Ar, 4n)222U*, E=194 MeV; 144Sm(46Ti, 3n)190Po*, E=222 MeV; 172Yb(48Ca, 3n)220Th*, E=196.3 MeV; 172Yb(48Ca, 4n)220Th*, E=210.2 MeV; 172Yb(48Ca, 5n)220Th*, E=225.1 MeV; 173Yb(48Ca, 4n)221Th*, E=210.2 MeV; 173Yb(48Ca, 5n)221Th*, E=210.2 MeV; 176Yb(48Ca, 4n)224Th*, E=208.4 MeV; 209Bi(37Cl, 2n)246Fm*, E=220 MeV; 144Sm(51V, 3n)195At*, E=230 MeV; 180Hf(48Ca, 3n)228U*, E=203.5 MeV; 142Nd(50Cr, 3n)192Po*, E=231.4 MeV; 142Nd(50Cr, 4n)192Po*, E=245 MeV; 142Nd(52Cr, 2n)194Po*, E=221.8 MeV; 142Nd(52Cr, 3n)194Po*, E=235.5 MeV; 142Nd(52Cr, 4n)194Po*, E=250.5 MeV; 142Nd(52Cr, 5n)194Po*, E=271 MeV; 238U(34S, 4n)272Hs*, E=176 MeV; 238U(34S, 5n)272Hs*, E=187.4 MeV; 238U(36S, 3n)274Hs*, E=170 MeV; 238U(36S, 4n)274Hs*, E=177 MeV; 238U(36S, 5n)274Hs*, E=188 MeV; 238U(34S, 5n)272Hs*, E=186 MeV; 206Pb(40Ar, 4n)246Fm*, E=236 MeV; 207Pb(40Ar, n)247Fm*, E=220 MeV; 208Pb(40Ar, 2n)248Fm*, E=236 MeV; 208Pb(40Ar, 3n)248Fm*, E=191 MeV; 184W(48Ca, 3n)232Pu*, E=201.6 MeV; 209Bi(40Ar, 2n)249Md*, E=187 MeV; 209Bi(40Ar, 3n)249Md*, E=198 MeV; 170Er(51V, 3n)221Pa*, E=220 MeV; 170Er(51V, 4n)221Pa*, E=234.7 MeV; 204Hg(48Ca, 2n)252Fm*, E=207 MeV; 90Zr(90Zr, γ)180Hg, E=362 MeV; 90Zr(90Zr, n)180Hg*, E=362 MeV; 90Zr(90Zr, 2n)180Hg*, E=362 MeV; 205Tl(48Ca, 2n)253Md*, E=209 MeV; 208Pb(48Ca, n)256No*, E=209 MeV; 208Pb(48Ca, 2n)256No*, E=214 MeV; 208Pb(48Ca, 3n)256No*, E=225 MeV; 208Pb(48Ca, 4n)256No*, E=237 MeV; 206Pb(48Ca, n)254No*, E=209 MeV; 206Pb(48Ca, 2n)254No*, E=215 MeV; 206Pb(48Ca, 3n)254No*, E=226 MeV; 206Pb(48Ca, 4n)254No*, E=238 MeV; 204Pb(48Ca, 2n)252No*, E=216.7 MeV; 204Pb(48Ca, 2n)252No*, E=220 MeV; 204Pb(48Ca, 3n)252No*, E=227 MeV; 208Pb(44Ca, 2n)252No*, E=214 MeV; 208Pb(44Ca, 3n)252No*, E=225 MeV; 207Pb(48Ca, 2n)255No*, E=215 MeV; 106Pd(83Kr, 3n)189Pb*, E=357 MeV; 209Bi(48Ca, n)257Lr*, E=212.2 MeV; 209Bi(48Ca, 2n)257Lr*, E=219.4 MeV; 209Bi(48Ca, 3n)257Lr*, E=230.2 MeV; 209Bi(48Ca, 4n)257Lr*, E=240 MeV; 198Pt(50Ti, 2n)257Lr*, E=219.5 MeV; 198Pt(50Ti, 3n)257Lr*, E=232 MeV; 93Nb(94Mo, 2n)187Bi*, E=403 MeV; 93Nb(94Mo, 3n)187Bi*, E=428.8 MeV; 93Nb(95Mo, n)188Bi*, E=379.5 MeV; 93Nb(95Mo, 2n)188Bi*, E=403.7 MeV; 93Nb(95Mo, 3n)188Bi*, E=424 MeV; 114Cd(83Kr, 3n)197Po*, E=375 MeV; 154Sm(60Ni, 3n)214Th*, E=278 MeV; 154Sm(60Ni, 4n)214Th*, E=278 MeV; 226Ra(48Ca, 3n)274Hs*, E=229 MeV; 226Ra(48Ca, 4n)274Hs*, E=234 MeV; 226Ra(48Ca, 5n)274Hs*, E=241 MeV; 94Mo(100Mo, n)194Po*, E=385 MeV; 94Mo(100Mo, 2n)194Po*, E=403.7 MeV; 94Mo(100Mo, 3n)194Po*, E=424.3 MeV; 100Mo(100Mo, n)200Po*, E=372 MeV; 100Mo(100Mo, 2n)200Po*, E=384 MeV; 100Mo(100Mo, 3n)200Po*, E=400 MeV; 100Mo(100Mo, 4n)200Po*, E=420 MeV; 100Mo(100Mo, 5n)200Po*, E=436 MeV; 232Th(48Ca, 3n)280Ds*, E=260 MeV; 208Pb(48Ti, n)256Rf*, E=223.3 MeV; 208Pb(48Ti, 2n)256Rf*, E=232 MeV; 208Pb(49Ti, 2n)257Rf*, E=271 MeV; 208Pb(50Ti, n)258Rf*, E=229 MeV; 208Pb(50Ti, n)258Rf*, E=230.5 MeV; 208Pb(50Ti, 2n)258Rf*, E=239, 243 MeV; 208Pb(50Ti, 3n)258Rf*, E=247.6 MeV; 207Pb(50Ti, n)257Rf*, E=242.5 MeV; 207Pb(50Ti, 2n)257Rf*, E=242.5 MeV; 206Pb(50Ti, n)256Rf*, E=237.3 MeV; 206Pb(50Ti, 2n)256Rf*, E=237.3 MeV; 209Bi(50Ti, n)259Db*, E=232.6 MeV; 209Bi(50Ti, 2n)259Db*, E=240.7 MeV; 209Bi(50Ti, 3n)259Db*, E=254 MeV; 121Sb(86Kr, 2n)207Fr*, E=343.6 MeV; 121Sb(86Kr, 3n)207Fr*, E=361.1 MeV; 121Sb(86Kr, 4n)207Fr*, E=388.7 MeV; 123Sb(86Kr, 4n)209Fr*, E=379.1 MeV; 123Sb(86Kr, 5n)209Fr*, E=388.7 MeV; 208Pb(51V, n)259Db*, E=239.7 MeV; 208Pb(51V, 2n)259Db*, E=247.2 MeV; 209Bi(51V, 2n)260Sg*, E=250.4 MeV; 208Pb(52Cr, n)260Sg*, E=254 MeV; 208Pb(52Cr, 2n)260Sg*, E=262 MeV; 207Pb(54Cr, n)261Sg*, E=262 MeV; 207Pb(54Cr, 2n)261Sg*, E=262 MeV; 208Pb(54Cr, n)262Sg*, E=257.1 MeV; 208Pb(54Cr, 2n)262Sg*, E=268.5 MeV; 208Pb(54Cr, 3n)262Sg*, E=297 MeV; 209Bi(52Cr, n)261Bh*, E=252.8 MeV; 209Bi(54Cr, n)263Bh*, E=257.1 MeV; 209Bi(54Cr, 2n)263Bh*, E=260.9 MeV; 90Zr(124Sn, n)214Th*, E=503.4 MeV; 92Zr(124Sn, n)216Th*, E=492.3 MeV; 94Zr(124Sn, n)218Th*, E=493.5 MeV; 94Zr(124Sn, 2n)218Th*, E=506.4 MeV; 94Zr(124Sn, 3n)218Th*, E=518.8 MeV; 94Zr(124Sn, 4n)218Th*, E=545 MeV; 96Zr(124Sn, n)220Th*, E=494.6 MeV; 96Zr(124Sn, 2n)220Th*, E=494.6 MeV; 96Zr(124Sn, 3n)220Th*, E=519.2 MeV; 96Zr(124Sn, 4n)220Th*, E=531.7 MeV; 96Zr(124Sn, 5n)220Th*, E=567.7 MeV; 208Pb(55Mn, n)263Bh*, E=265.5 MeV; 208Pb(55Mn, 2n)263Bh*, E=273 MeV; 209Bi(55Mn, n)264Hs*, E=302.5 MeV; 208Pb(56Fe, n)264Hs*, E=275 MeV; 208Pb(58Fe, n)266Hs*, E=283.9 MeV; 208Pb(58Fe, 2n)266Hs*, E=291.2, 294.1 MeV; 207Pb(58Fe, n)265Hs*, E=285 MeV; 206Pb(58Fe, n)264Hs*, E=287.7 MeV; 209Bi(58Fe, n)267Mt*, E=287.6 MeV; 170Er(76Ge, 2n)246Fm*, E=357.5 MeV; 208Pb(59Co, n)267Mt*, E=291.5 MeV; 209Bi(59Co, n)268Ds*, E=300.9 MeV; 208Pb(62Ni, n)270Ds*, E=311 MeV; 208Pb(64Ni, n)272Ds*, E=314 MeV; 207Pb(64Fe, n)271Ds*, E=317 MeV; 160Gd(86Kr, 2n)246Fm*, E=380.5 MeV; 110Pd(136Xe, 2n)246Fm*, E=633.5 MeV; calculated capture cross section and evaporation residue formation cross section as function of spin, fusion probability PCN, survival probability, mean spins for the capture process and for the calculated evaporation residues (EVR); compiled experimental cross sections for evaporation residues. Comparison with available experimental data. List of reactions, experimental σ(EVR) and theoretical results in a table in Supplementary Material (ref. 17 in 2018Ya03). Relevance to heavy element formation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.014608
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2018YA05      Nucl.Phys. A970, 65 (2018)

R.Yanez, J.King, J.S.Barrett, W.Loveland, N.Fotiades, H.Y.Lee

Total kinetic energy release in the fast neutron induced fission of 235U

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 235U(n, F), E=2-100 MeV; measured En, In, fission products; deduced (post neutron emission) TKE. Fusion σ calculated within semi-empirical GEF model.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2017.11.007
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2017AM01      Phys.Rev. C 95, 014330 (2017)

B.M.S.Amro, C.J.Lister, E.A.McCutchan, W.Loveland, P.Chowdhury, S.Zhu, A.D.Ayangeakaa, J.S.Barrett, M.P.Carpenter, C.J.Chiara, J.P.Greene, J.L.Harker, R.V.F.Janssens, T.Lauritsen, A.A.Sonzogni, W.B.Walters, R.Yanez

γ-ray spectroscopy of 209Tl

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(136Xe, X)209Tl, E=785 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, γΓ-coin, delayed γ, half-lives of isomers using Gammasphere array at ATLAS-ANL facility. 209Tl; deduced levels, J, π, internal conversion coefficients, multipolarities, B(E2), configurations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.014330
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2017KI14      Eur.Phys.J. A 53, 238 (2017)

J.King, R.Yanez, W.Loveland, J.S.Barrett, B.Oscar, N.Fotiades, F.Tovesson, H.Y.Lee

The total kinetic energy release in the fast neutron-induced fission of 232Th

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(n, F), E=3-91 MeV; measured post-emission TKE release; calculated compound nucleus E* vs En, neutron multiplicity; deduced fragment mass distribution, average excitation energy of the fissioning system vs En, neutron multiplicity. Compared to 232Th(p, F) published data.

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2017-12436-9
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2017WE06      Phys.Lett. B 771, 119 (2017)

T.Welsh, W.Loveland, R.Yanez, J.S.Barrett, E.A.McCutchan, A.A.Sonzogni, T.Johnson, S.Zhu, J.P.Greene, A.D.Ayangeakaa, M.P.Carpenter, T.Lauritsen, J.L.Harker, W.B.Walters, B.M.S.Amro, P.Copp

Modeling multi-nucleon transfer in symmetric collisions of massive nuclei

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 198Pt(204Hg, X), E=1360 MeV; measured reaction products, Eγ, Iγ; deduced fragment yields, σ. Comparison with GRAZING and DNS models.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.05.044
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2016VO13      Phys.Rev. C 94, 064611 (2016)

N.Vonta, G.A.Souliotis, W.Loveland, Y.K.Kwon, K.Tshoo, S.C.Jeong, M.Veselsky, A.Bonasera, A.Botvina

Neutron-rich rare-isotope production from projectile fission of heavy nuclei near 20 MeV/nucleon beam energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(238U, F), E=20 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(197Au, F), E=20 MeV/nucleon; analyzed experimental data obtained at NSCL-MSU using A1200 fragment separator; calculated isobaric yield distributions or cross sections, average Z/A versus A, mass distributions of projectile fission fragments, production cross sections and rates of accessible neutron-rich nuclides of Z=26-71 and N=26-116. Phenomenological deep-inelastic transfer model (DIT), and microscopic constrained molecular dynamics model (CoMD), with the statistical multifragmentation model (SMM) for the de-excitation or fission of the hot heavy projectile fragments. Comparison with experimental data. Relevance to r-process path and neutron dripline.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.94.064611
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2015BA20      Phys.Rev. C 91, 064615 (2015)

J.S.Barrett, W.Loveland, R.Yanez, S.Zhu, A.D.Ayangeakaa, M.P.Carpenter, J.P.Greene, R.V.F.Janssens, T.Lauritsen, E.A.McCutchan, A.A.Sonzogni, C.J.Chiara, J.L.Harker, W.B.Walters

136Xe+208Pb reaction: A test of models of multinucleon transfer reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(136Xe, X), E=85 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, γγ-coin using Gammasphere at ATLAS-ANL facility, σ for projectile-like fragments (PLFs) and target-like fragments (TLFs) by off-line γ-ray spectroscopy for radioactive decay measurements (RD), prompt γ decays recorded during the beam burst (IB), and delayed γ decays recorded between the beam bursts (OB). 116,118Cd, 119,121In, 118,120,122,123,124,126Sn, 119,121,123,125,126,127,128,130Sb, 124,126,128,130,131,132,134Te, 127,128,129,130,131,132,133,135,136I, 128,130,132Xe, 133,134,135,136,137,138Xe, 131,132,133,134,136,137,139,141Cs, 130Ba, 132,134,136,138,139,140,141,142,143Ba, 132,135,136,137,139,140,143La, 136,138,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146Ce, 139,141,142Pr, 140,142,143,144,145,146,147,148,149Nd, 142,143,145,147,149Pm, 145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,154Sm, 147,149,151Eu, 152,154,156Gd, 156,158,160,162,164Dy, 160,161Er, 176Yb, 176,178,180,181,182Hf, 179,181Ta, 176,180,182,184,186,187W, 179,185,187Re, 186,188,190,191,192,194,197Os, 188,190,192Ir, 190,191,192,194,196,197,198,200,201,202Pt, 191,192,193,194,196,198,199Au, 194,196,198,200,202,203,204,205,206,208Hg, 196,197,198,199,201,202,203,204,205,206,207Tl, 198,201,202,203,204,206,207,208,209,210,211Pb, 199,201,202,203,204,205,206,207,209,211Bi, 202,204,205,206,207,208,209,210,212,213,214Po, 207,208,209,210,211,213At, 210,211,212,213,214,215,216,218Rn, 211,212,213,215,216Fr, 214Ra; deduced projectile-like fragment cumulative and independent production yields. Comparison with predictions of GRAZING model, and those of Zagrebaev and Greiner model using a quantitative metric. Discussed correlations between TLF and PLF yields.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.91.064615
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2015GA24      Phys.Rev. C 92, 021301 (2015)

J.M.Gates, K.E.Gregorich, O.R.Gothe, E.C.Uribe, G.K.Pang, D.L.Bleuel, M.Block, R.M.Clark, C.M.Campbell, H.L.Crawford, M.Cromaz, A.Di Nitto, Ch.E.Dullmann, N.E.Esker, C.Fahlander, P.Fallon, R.M.Farjadi, U.Forsberg, J.Khuyagbaatar, W.Loveland, A.O.Macchiavelli, E.M.May, P.R.Mudder, D.T.Olive, A.C.Rice, J.Rissanen, D.Rudolph, L.G.Sarmiento, J.A.Shusterman, M.A.Stoyer, A.Wiens, A.Yakushev, H.Nitsche

Decay spectroscopy of element 115 daughters: 280Rg → 276Mt and 276Mt → 272Bh

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 243Am(48Ca, 3n)288Mc, E=262 MeV; measured evaporation residues (EVRs) by magnetic rigidities, Eα, SF-like events, decay chains using corner-cube-clover (C3) focal plane detector consisting of silicon-strip detectors surrounded by HPGe clover-type detectors, and DSSSDs for α particles at LBNL cyclotron facility; deduced data for forty-six decay chains from the decay of 288Mc and its α daughter products 284Nh, 280Rg, 276Mt, 272Bh, 268Db, the 268Db decaying by SF events.

RADIOACTIVITY 276Mt, 280Rg(α)[from α decay chain of 288Mc formed in 243Am(48Ca, 3n), E=262 MeV at LBNL cyclotron facility]; measured Eα, Iα, Eγ, Iγ, E(x rays), αγ-, α(x ray)-, γγ-coin, half-lives of 276Mt and 280Rg isotopes. 272Bh, 276Mt; deduced levels, multipolarities, α hindrance factors. GEANT4 simulations of α and photon spectra. No K-x rays were definitely assigned thus uncertain Z identification.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.021301
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2015KR09      Nucl.Phys. A944, 117 (2015)

J.V.Kratz, W.Loveland, K.J.Moody

Syntheses of transuranium isotopes with atomic numbers Z ≤ 103 in multi-nucleon transfer reactions

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2015.06.004
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2015LO10      Eur.Phys.J. A 51, 120 (2015)

W.Loveland

An experimentalist's view of the uncertainties in understanding heavy element synthesis

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2015-15120-2
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2015YA08      Phys.Rev. C 91, 044608 (2015)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland

Predicting the production of neutron-rich heavy nuclei in multinucleon transfer reactions using a semi-classical model including evaporation and fission competition, GRAZING-F

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(136Xe, X), E(cm)=423.0, 450.0, 526.0, 617.0 MeV; 198Pt(136Xe, X), E(cm)=604.9 MeV; 248Cm(86Kr, X), E=323.0, 339.3, 385.1, 494.0 MeV; 248Cm(94Kr, X), E(cm)=490.0 MeV; 244Pu(136Xe, X), E(cm)=528.8 MeV; 248Cm(129Xe, X), E(cm)=511.6 MeV; 248Cm(132Xe, X), E(cm)=508.9, 523.8 MeV; 248Cm(136Xe, X), E(cm)=496.6, 505.6 MeV; 248Cm(144Xe, X), E(cm)=504.7 MeV; 249Cf(136Xe, X), E(cm)=483.1, 524.3, 565.4 MeV; 238U(238U, X), E(cm)=769.8, 811.0, 899.9, 1024.8 MeV; 248Cm(238U, X), E(cm)=894.6 MeV; 249Bk(238U, X), E(cm)=809.0, 1117.0 MeV; calculated Coulomb and interaction barriers, cross sections of surviving nuclei; deduced predicted production σ for neutron-rich heavy nuclei 201Re, 202Os, 203Ir, 204Pt, 243,244,245,246,247,248,249,250U, 248,249,250,251,252,253,254Pu, 245,246,247Np, 261Md, 261No, 263Lr. Semiclassical model GRAZING coupled to an evaporation and fission competition model using computer code GRAZING with fission competition (GRAZING-F) for production rates of neutron-rich N=126 nuclei, actinides, and transactinides. Comparison with available experimental data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.91.044608
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2014LO09      Nucl.Data Sheets 119, 383 (2014)

W.Loveland, L.Yao, D.M.Asner, R.G.Baker, J.Bundgaard, E.Burgett, M.Cunningham, J.Deaven, D.L.Duke, U.Greife, S.Grimes, M.Heffner, T.Hill, D.Isenhower, J.L.Klay, V.Kleinrath, N.Kornilov, A.B.Laptev, T.N.Massey, R.Meharchand, H.Qu, J.Ruz, S.Sangiorgio, B.Selhan, L.Snyder, S.Stave, G.Tatishvili, R.T.Thornton, F.Tovesson, D.Towell, R.S.Towell, S.Watson, B.Wendt, L.Wood

Targets for Precision Measurements

doi: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.106
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2014ME09      Nucl.Data Sheets 119, 373 (2014)

R.Meharchand, D.M.Asner, R.G.Baker, J.Bundgaard, E.Burgett, M.Cunningham, J.Deaven, D.L.Duke, U.Greife, S.Grimes, M.Heffner, T.Hill, D.Isenhower, J.L.Klay, V.Kleinrath, N.Kornilov, A.B.Laptev, W.Loveland, T.N.Massey, H.Qu, J.Ruz, S.Sangiorgio, B.Seilhan, L.Snyder, S.Stave, G.Tatishvili, R.T.Thornton, F.Tovesson, D.Towell, R.S.Towell, S.Watson, B.Wendt, L.Wood

Commissioning the NIFFTE Time Projection Chamber: Towards the 238U/235U(n, f) Cross-section Ratio

doi: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.103
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2014SN02      Nucl.Data Sheets 119, 386 (2014)

L.Snyder, D.M.Asner, R.G.Baker, J.Bundgaard, E.Burgett, M.Cunningham, J.Deaven, D.L.Duke, U.Greife, S.Grimes, M.Heffner, T.Hill, D.Isenhower, J.L.Klay, V.Kleinrath, N.Kornilov, A.B.Laptev, W.Loveland, T.N.Massey, R.Meharchand, H.Qu, J.Ruz, S.Sangiorgio, B.Seilhan, S.Stave, G.Tatishvili, R.T.Thornton, F.Tovesson, D.Towell, R.S.Towell, S.Watson, B.Wendt, L.Wood, for the NIFFTE Collaboration

Measuring the α/SF Branching Ratio of 252Cf with the NIFFTE TPC

doi: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.107
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2014ST15      Nucl.Data Sheets 119, 380 (2014)

S.Stave, D.M.Asner, R.G.Baker, J.Bundgaard, E.Burgett, M.Cunningham, J.Deaven, D.L.Duke, U.Greife, S.Grimes, M.Heffner, T.Hill, D.Isenhower, J.L.Klay, V.Kleinrath, N.Kornilov, A.B.Laptev, W.Loveland, T.N.Massey, R.Meharchand, H.Qu, J.Ruz, S.Sangiorgio, B.Seilhan, L.Snyder, G.Tatishvili, R.T.Thornton, F.Tovesson, D.Towell, R.S.Towell, S.Watson, B.Wendt, L.Wood, for the NIFFTE Collaboration

The Data Analysis Framework for the NIFFTE Fission Time Projection Chamber

doi: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.105
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2014WO02      Nucl.Data Sheets 119, 377 (2014)

L.Wood, D.M.Asner, R.G.Baker, J.Bundgaard, E.Burgett, M.Cunningham, J.Deaven, D.L.Duke, U.Greife, S.Grimes, M.Heffner, T.Hill, D.Isenhower, J.L.Klay, V.Kleinrath, N.Kornilov, A.B.Laptev, W.Loveland, T.N.Massey, R.Meharchand, H.Qu, J.Ruz, S.Sangiorgio, B.Seilhan, L.Snyder, S.Stave, G.Tatishvili, R.T.Thornton, F.Tovesson, D.Towell, R.S.Towell, S.Watson, B.Wendt, for the NIFFTE Collaboration

An Ethernet-based Data Acquisition System for the NIFFTE Time Projection Chamber

doi: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.104
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2014YA07      Phys.Rev.Lett. 112, 152702 (2014)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, L.Yao, J.S.Barrett, S.Zhu, B.B.Back, T.L.Khoo, M.Alcorta, M.Albers

Measurement of the Survival Probabilities for Hot Fusion Reactions

RADIOACTIVITY 274Hs(n) [from 248Cm(25Mg, X), E=144.2 MeV; 248Cm(26Mg, X), E=160.7 MeV]; measured decay products, En, In; deduced neutron multiplicities, elastic and fission resonance widths, survival probability of excited superheavy nuclei.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.152702
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2014YA10      Phys.Rev. C 89, 051604 (2014)

R.Yanez, L.Yao, J.King, W.Loveland, F.Tovesson, N.Fotiades

Excitation energy dependence of the total kinetic energy release in 235U(n, f)

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 235U(n, F), E=3.2-50 MeV; measured (fission fragment)(fission fragment)-coin, time-of-flight, total kinetic energy (ETKE) release as function of incident neutron energy at WNR-LANSCE-LANL facility; deduced dependence of ETKE and total excitation energy (ETXE) on E(n). Comparison with GEF model predictions, and with previous experimental results.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.051604
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2013VI01      Phys.Rev. C 87, 044603 (2013)

A.M.Vinodkumar, W.Loveland, R.Yanez, M.Leonard, L.Yao, P.Bricault, M.Dombsky, P.Kunz, J.Lassen, A.C.Morton, D.Ottewell, D.Preddy, M.Trinczek

Interaction of 11Li with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(11Li, X)212At/213At/214At/215At/216At, E=39.9, 36.5, 32.7, 28.6 MeV; measured Eα, Iα from evaporation residues, production σ(E), complete and incomplete fusion σ(E), breakup σ(E) at TRIUMF-ISAC2 facility. 209Bi(7Li, X)212Rn/213Rn, E=34.90 MeV; measured complete fusion σ, and compared to earlier experimental results. Comparison with theoretical predictions, and with results from experimental results of other reaction.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.87.044603
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2013YA12      Phys.Rev. C 88, 014606 (2013)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, J.S.Barrett, L.Yao, B.B.Back, S.Zhu, T.L.Khoo

Measurement of the fusion probability, PCN, for hot fusion reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(18O, F), E=101.2 MeV; 197Au(26Mg, F), E=147.3 MeV; 197Au(30Si, F), E=170.9 MeV; 197Au(36S, F), E=195.3 MeV; measured particle spectra, time-of-flight, fission fragment angular distributions at ATLAS-ANL facility; deduced fusion-fission and quasifission cross sections using formalism of Back, fusion probabilities PCN. Comparison with previous measurements, and with systematic dependence of PCN on fissility. Compiled experimental PCN values for several reactions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.014606
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2012KO18      Phys.Rev. C 85, 054603 (2012)

J.J.Kolata, A.Roberts, A.M.Howard, D.Shapira, J.F.Liang, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, Z.Kohley, A.N.Villano, H.Amro, W.Loveland, E.Chavez

Fusion of 124, 132Sn with 40, 48Ca

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40,48Ca(124Sn, X), (132Sn, X), E(cm)=105-165 MeV; measured evaporation residue spectra, fusion σ(E); deduced reduced fusion σ(E), fusion barriers. Inverse kinematics. Wong model and PACE2 fits. Comparison with time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) and coupled-channels Born approximation (CCBA) calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.054603
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2012YA04      Phys.Rev. C 85, 044620 (2012)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, J.Beckerman, M.Leonard, C.J.Gross, D.Shapira, J.F.Liang, Z.Kohley, R.L.Varner

Search for inverse fission of uranium

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 100Mo(124Sn, X)222U, E=595, 650 MeV; 100Mo (132Sn, X)230U, E=560 MeV; measured Eα, Iα, (ER)α-coin, cross section upper limits; calculated σ(E). 96Zr(124Sn, X), E=200-280 MeV; comparison between measured and predicted σ(E). Statistical model calculations. No evidence for inverse fission.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.044620
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2011LO10      Phys.Rev. C 83, 044610 (2011)

W.Loveland, A.M.Vinodkumar, D.Peterson, J.P.Greene

Synthesis of heavy nuclei using damped collisions: A test

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 186W(160Gd, X), E=860 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, yields of the reaction products by activation method; deduced σ and σ(θ) as a function of charge and mass number. Synthesis of heavy nuclei. Comparison with the predictions of Zagrebaev and Greiner.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.044610
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2011LO27      Radiochim.Acta Supp 1, Proc.in Radiochemistry 141 (2011)

W.Loveland

Fusion of 9Li with 70Zn and 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 70Zn(9Li, X), E(cm)<15 MeV; 208Pb(9Li, X), E(cm)<45 MeV; measured reaction products; deduced fusion excitation functions. Comparison with coupled channels calculations code CCFULL.

doi: 10.1524/rcpr.2011.0026
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2010EL06      Phys.Rev.Lett. 105, 182701 (2010)

P.A.Ellison, K.E.Gregorich, J.S.Berryman, D.L.Bleuel, R.M.Clark, I.Dragojevic, J.Dvorak, P.Fallon, C.Fineman-Sotomayor, J.M.Gates, O.R.Gothe, I.Y.Lee, W.D.Loveland, J.P.McLaughlin, S.Paschalis, M.Petri, J.Qian, L.Stavsetra, M.Wiedeking, H.Nitsche

New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca, 5n)285114

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 242Pu(48Ca, Xn)285Fl/286Fl/287Fl/288Fl, E=256 MeV; measured reaction products, Eα, Iα; deduced σ, Q-values. Comparison with experimental values.

RADIOACTIVITY 285,286Fl, 281Cn, 277Ds, 273Hs, 269Sg(α); measured Eα; deduced Q(α). 265Rf, 282Cn(SF); measured SF decay energy.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701
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2010YA21      Phys.Rev. C 82, 054615 (2010)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, A.M.Vinodkumar, P.H.Sprunger, L.Prisbrey, D.Peterson, S.Zhu, J.J.Kolata, A.Villano, J.F.Liang

Isospin dependence of capture cross sections: The 36S+208Pb reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(36S, X), E(cm)=147.5, 151.7, 156.0, 160.6, 169.2, 186.3, 210.2 MeV; measured fission fragments, angular distributions, capture fission cross sections. Comparison of results to empirical prescriptions, QMD model and couple-channel calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.82.054615
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2009FO05      Phys.Rev. C 79, 064318 (2009)

C.M.Folden III, A.S.Nettleton, A.M.Amthor, T.N.Ginter, M.Hausmann, T.Kubo, W.Loveland, S.L.Manikonda, D.J.Morrissey, T.Nakao, M.Portillo, B.M.Sherrill, G.A.Souliotis, B.F.Strong, H.Takeda, O.B.Tarasov

New neutron-rich microsecond isomers observed among fission products of 238U at 80 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be(238U, X)60mMn/78mGa/82mGa/92mBr/95mRb/98mRb/92mY/101mY/112mTc, E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured Eγ, Iγ, γγ-coin, isomer half-lives. 60Mn, 78,82Ga, 92Br, 95,98Rb, 92,101Y, 112Tc; deduced levels, J, π. 66mCu, 78mZn, 88mBr, 95mKr, 96mRb, 97m,100mSr, 99mMo, 121mPd, 124mSn, 125mXe; measured Eγ and half-lives. 91,92,93Y; measured Eγ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.79.064318
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2009PE09      Phys.Rev. C 79, 044607 (2009)

D.Peterson, W.Loveland, O.Batenkov, M.Majorov, A.Veshikov, K.Aleklett, C.Rouki

Direct observation of first-chance fission of 258No

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(25Mg, X), E=132 MeV; 232Th(26Mg, X), E=148 MeV; measured σ, mass and energy distributions of fission fragments, neutrons by time-of-flight method. 258No; deduced ratio of widths for neutron emission and fission (Γnf) for the compound nucleus. Implications for survival probabilities of excited heavy nuclei formed in hot fusion reactions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.79.044607
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2009VI09      Phys.Rev. C 80, 054609 (2009)

A.M.Vinodkumar, W.Loveland, P.H.Sprunger, L.Prisbrey, M.Trinczek, M.Dombsky, P.Machule, J.J.Kolata, A.Roberts

Fusion of 9Li with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(9Li, nx)211At/212At/213At/214At, E(cm)=24.84, 27.35, 29.86, 32.36, 34.87, 37.37, 39.88, 42.38, 44.89 MeV; 209Bi(7Li, nx)212Rn/213Rn, E(cm)=34.95 MeV; measured nuclidic yields, and fusion σ using ISAC2 facility at TRIUMF. Comparison with HVAP statistical model code and coupled-channel calculations.

RADIOACTIVITY 211,212,212m,213,214,214mAt(α); measured Eα.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.80.054609
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2008GA08      Phys.Rev. C 77, 034603 (2008)

J.M.Gates, M.A.Garcia, K.E.Gregorich, Ch.E.Dullmann, I.Dragojevic, J.Dvorak, R.Eichler, C.M.Folden III, W.Loveland, S.L.Nelson, G.K.Pang, L.Stavsetra, R.Sudowe, A.Turler, H.Nitsche

Synthesis of rutherfordium isotopes in the 238U(26Mg, xn)264-xRf reaction and study of their decay properties

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(26Mg, 3n), (26Mg, 4n), (26Mg, 5n), (26Mg, 6n), E=4.9-6.0 MeV/nucleon; measured excitation functions, σ, half-lives, cross sections.

RADIOACTIVITY 258Rf(α) [from 238U(26Mg, 6n), E=4.9-6.0 MeV/nucleon]; 259Rf(EC) [from 238U(26Mg, 5n), E=4.9-6.0 MeV/nucleon]; 260Rf(α), (SF) [from 238U(26Mg, 4n), E=4.9-6.0 MeV/nucleon]; 261Rf(α), (SF) [from 238U(26Mg, 3n), E=4.9-6.0 MeV/nucleon]; 254No(α); measured α spectra, Q-values, charged particle spectra.242,244,246,248,250,252,254,256,258Fm, 248,250,252,254,256No, 250,252,254,256Rf, 252,254,256,258,260Sg; systematics.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.77.034603
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2008VI08      Phys.Rev. C 78, 054608 (2008)

A.M.Vinodkumar, W.Loveland, J.J.Neeway, L.Prisbrey, P.H.Sprunger, D.Peterson, J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, J.J.Kolata, A.Roberts, A.L.Caraley

132Sn+96Zr reaction: A study of fusion enhancement/hindrance

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 96Zr(124Sn, X), E(cm)=600 MeV; 96Zr(132Sn, X), E(cm)=192.8-249.1 MeV; calculated σ. Comparison with coupled channels calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.054608
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2007LI27      Phys.Rev. C 75, 054607 (2007)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, J.R.Beene, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, P.E.Mueller, D.W.Stracener, H.Amro, J.J.Kolata, J.D.Bierman, A.L.Caraley, K.L.Jones, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, D.Peterson

Fusion of radioactive 132Sn with 64Ni

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), E=453-620 MeV; measured cross sections and angular distributions. Compared results to statistical model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.054607
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2007LI82      Eur.Phys.J. Special Topics 150, 35 (2007)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, H.Amro, J.R.Beene, J.D.Bierman, A.L.Caraley, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, K.L.Jones, J.J.Kolata, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, P.E.Mueller, D.Peterson, D.C.Radford, D.W.Stracener

Measurements of fusion reactions induced by radioactive 132Sn on 64Ni

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 132Sn(64Ni, X), E(cm) < 220 MeV; measured evaporation residue and fission cross sections. Compared results to model calculations.

doi: 10.1140/epjst/e2007-00259-7
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2007LO06      Phys.Rev. C 75, 069801 (2007)

W.Loveland

Comment on "Possibility of synthesizing a doubly magic superheavy nucleus"

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.069801
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2007LO07      Phys.Rev. C 76, 014612 (2007)

W.Loveland

Synthesis of transactinide nuclei using radioactive beams

COMPILATION Z=102-120; compiled and analyzed cold and hot fusion production cross sections.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.76.014612
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2007NA27      Phys.Rev. C 76, 054604 (2007)

R.S.Naik, W.Loveland, P.H.Sprunger, A.M.Vinodkumar, D.Peterson, C.L.Jiang, S.Zhu, X.Tang, E.F.Moore, P.Chowdhury

Measurement of the fusion probability PCN for the reaction of 50Ti with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(50Ti, X), E(cm)=183.7, 186.2, 190.2, 194.2, 202.3 MeV; measured fission fragments, cross sections, angular distributions; deduced fusion probabilities and survival probabilities for compound nuclei Z=102-113.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.76.054604
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2006LO13      Phys.Rev. C 74, 044607 (2006)

W.Loveland, D.Peterson, A.M.Vinodkumar, P.H.Sprunger, D.Shapira, J.F.Liang, G.A.Souliotis, D.J.Morrissey, P.Lofy

Fusion enhancement in the 38S + 208Pb reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(38S, X), E(cm)=160-265 MeV; measured capture-fission excitation function; deduced interaction barrier features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.044607
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2006LO16      Phys.Rev.C 74, 064609 (2006)

W.Loveland, A.M.Vinodkumar, R.S.Naik, P.H.Sprunger, B.Matteson, J.Neeway, M.Trinczek, M.Dombsky, P.Machule, D.Ottewell, D.Cross, K.Gagnon, W.J.Mills

Subbarrier fusion of 9Li with 70Zn

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 70Zn(9Li, X), E=11-15 MeV; measured fusion σ; deduced subbarrier enhancement. Comparison with model predictions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.064609
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2006ST07      Phys.Rev. C 73, 047602 (2006)

R.W.Stoenner, R.L.Klobuchar, P.E.Haustein, G.J.Virtes, J.B.Cumming, W.Loveland

Angular distributions in multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(20Ne, X)37Ar/127Xe, E=8 GeV; 197Au(12C, X)37Ar/127Xe, E=25 GeV; 197Au(28Si, X)37Ar/127Xe, E=381 GeV; 197Au(p, X)24Na/28Mg/48Sc/48V/58Co/59Fe/65Zn/74As/90Nb/100Pd/100Rh/131Ba/149Gd, E=28 GeV; measured fragments angular distributions; deduced sideward peaking enhancements for heavy ions. Kinetic-focusing model analysis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.73.047602
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2006VI10      Phys.Rev.C 74, 064612 (2006)

A.M.Vinodkumar, W.Loveland, P.H.Sprunger, D.Peterson, J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, R.L.Varner, C.J.Gross, J.J.Kolata

Capture cross sections for the near symmetric 124Sn+96Zr reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 96Zr(124Sn, X), E(cm)=195-265 MeV; measured capture-fission σ. Comparison with model predictions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.064612
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2005GR19      Phys.Rev. C 72, 014605 (2005)

K.E.Gregorich, W.Loveland, D.Peterson, P.M.Zielinski, S.L.Nelson, Y.H.Chung, Ch.E.Dullmann, C.M.Folden III, K.Aleklett, R.Eichler, D.C.Hoffman, J.P.Omtvedt, G.K.Pang, J.M.Schwantes, S.Soverna, P.Sprunger, R.Sudowe, R.E.Wilson, H.Nitsche

Attempt to confirm superheavy element production in the 48Ca + 238U reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(48Ca, 3n), E=230.3, 235.6 MeV; measured σ upper limits; deduced no evidence for 283Cn. Comparison with previous results.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72.014605
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2005LI55      Eur.Phys.J. A 25, Supplement 1, 239 (2005)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, H.Amro, J.R.Beene, J.D.Bierman, A.L.Caraley, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, K.L.Jones, J.J.Kolata, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, P.E.Mueller, D.Peterson, D.C.Radford, D.W.Stracener

Sub-barrier fusion induced by neutron-rich radioactive 132Sn

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), E=560 MeV; measured fission fragments and evaporation residues spectra, yields.

doi: 10.1140/epjad/i2005-06-117-x
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2005LO13      Eur.Phys.J. A 25, Supplement 1, 233 (2005)

W.Loveland

Fusion studies with RIBs

doi: 10.1140/epjad/i2005-06-118-9
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2005SH54      Eur.Phys.J. A 25, Supplement 1, 241 (2005)

D.Shapira, J.F.Liang, C.J.Gross, R.L.Varner, J.R.Beene, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez Del Campo, P.E.Mueller, D.W.Stracener, P.A.Hausladen, C.Harlin, J.J.Kolata, H.Amro, W.Loveland, K.L.Jones, J.D.Bierman, A.L.Caraley

Measurement of evaporation residue cross sections from reactions with radioactive neutron-rich beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), (124Sn, X), (134Te, X), E not given; measured evaporation residue σ.

doi: 10.1140/epjad/i2005-06-190-1
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2004LI55      Prog.Theor.Phys.(Kyoto), Suppl. 154, 106 (2004)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, J.R.Beene, J.D.Bierman, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, P.E.Mueller, D.Peterson, D.C.Radford, D.W.Stracener, R.L.Varner

Sub-Barrier Fusion Enhancement in Neutron-Rich Radioactive 132Sn on 64Ni

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), E(cm)=140-200 MeV; measured evaporation residue excitation function; deduced sub-barrier fusion enhancement.

doi: 10.1143/PTPS.154.106
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2004LI71      Nucl.Phys. A746, 103c (2004)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, J.R.Beene, J.D.Bierman, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, P.E.Mueller, D.Peterson, D.C.Radford, D.W.Stracener, R.L.Varner

Enhanced evaporation residue cross sections in neutron-rich radioactive 132Sn on 64Ni

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E(cm) ≈ 150-200 MeV; measured evaporation residue σ; deduced sub-barrier fusion enhancement for heavier beam. Comparison with previous results, model predictions.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.09.057
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2004LO19      Nucl.Phys. A746, 108c (2004)

W.Loveland

Synthesis of heavy nuclei using radioactive nuclear beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 196Pt(88Kr, n), 204Hg(94Kr, n), 209Bi(66Cu, n), 208Pb(61Fe, n), (59Cr, n), E not given; calculated fusion σ. A=256-272; calculated production rates at rare isotope accelerator.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.09.066
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2003CH23      Phys.Rev. C 67, 044611 (2003)

R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, J.F.Dempsey, M.Devlin, S.Komarov, D.G.Sarantites, A.L.Caraley, R.T.deSouza, W.Loveland, D.Peterson, B.B.Back, C.N.Davids, D.Seweryniak

Temperature and n-p asymmetry dependencies of the level-density parameter in Ni+Mo fusion reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 92,100Mo(60Ni, X), E=5-9 MeV/nucleon; measured evaporation residue velocity and angular distributions, mass distributions, neutron and light charged particle spectra; deduced reaction mechanism features. Comparison with statistical model predictions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.67.044611
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2003GI05      Phys.Rev. C 67, 064609 (2003); Erratum Phys.Rev. C 68, 029901 (2003)

T.N.Ginter, K.E.Gregorich, W.Loveland, D.M.Lee, U.W.Kirbach, R.Sudowe, C.M.Folden III, J.B.Patin, N.Seward, P.A.Wilk, P.M.Zielinski, K.Aleklett, R.Eichler, H.Nitsche, D.C.Hoffman

Confirmation of production of element 110 by the 208Pb(64Ni, n) reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(64Ni, n), E=312.5, 315, 317.5 MeV: measured delayed (recoil)α-coin; deduced production σ.

RADIOACTIVITY 271Ds, 267Hs, 263Sg, 259Rf, 255No(α) [from 208Pb(64Ni, n) and subsequent decay]; measured Eα.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.67.064609
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2003GR26      Eur.Phys.J. A 18, 633 (2003)

K.E.Gregorich, T.N.Ginter, W.Loveland, D.Peterson, J.B.Patin, C.M.Folden III, D.C.Hoffman, D.M.Lee, H.Nitsche, J.P.Omtvedt, L.A.Omtvedt, L.Stavsetra, R.Sudowe, P.A.Wilk, P.M.Zielinski, K.Aleklett

Cross-section limits for the 208Pb(86Kr, n)293118 reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(86Kr, X), E=449 MeV; measured evaporation residue yields; deduced no evidence for 293Og. 208Pb(86Kr, n), E=449 MeV; deduced production σ upper limit.

doi: 10.1140/epja/i2002-10165-x
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2003LI41      Phys.Rev.Lett. 91, 152701 (2003); Erratum Phys.Rev.Lett. 96, 029903 (2006)

J.F.Liang, D.Shapira, C.J.Gross, J.R.Beene, J.D.Bierman, A.Galindo-Uribarri, J.Gomez del Campo, P.A.Hausladen, Y.Larochelle, W.Loveland, P.E.Mueller, D.Peterson, D.C.Radford, D.W.Stracener, R.L.Varner

Enhanced Fusion-Evaporation Cross Sections in Neutron-Rich 132Sn on 64Ni

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 64Ni(132Sn, X), E=453-560 MeV; measured fusion-evaporation excitation function; deduced sub-barrier enhancement, role of multinucleon transfer. Coupled channels calculation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.152701
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2002LO15      Phys.Rev. C66, 044617 (2002)

W.Loveland, K.E.Gregorich, J.B.Patin, D.Peterson, C.Rouki, P.M.Zielinski, K.Aleklett

Search for the production of element 112 in the 48Ca+238U reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(48Ca, 3n), E=231 MeV; measured Eα, (recoil)α-coin following residual nucleus decay; deduced σ upper limit.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.66.044617
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2002NI10      Phys.Rev.Lett. 89, 039901 (2002); see also 1999Ni03

V.Ninov, K.E.Gregorich, W.Loveland, A.Ghiorso, D.C.Hoffman, D.M.Lee, H.Nitsche, W.J.Swiatecki, U.W.Kirbach, C.A.Laue, J.L.Adams, J.B.Patin, D.A.Shaughnessy, D.A.Strellis, P.A.Wilk

Editorial Note: Observation of Superheavy Nuclei Produced in the Reaction of 86Kr with 208Pb

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.039901
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2002SO06      Nucl.Phys. A705, 279 (2002)

G.A.Souliotis, W.Loveland, K.Hanold, G.J.Wozniak, D.J.Morrissey

Heavy Residue Formation in 20 MeV/nucleon 197Au + 90Zr Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 90Zr(197Au, X), E=20 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment yields, velocity distributions; deduced incomplete fusion, deep inelastic scattering. Comparison with model predictions.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(02)00673-5
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2001CH39      J.Korean Phys.Soc. 38, 10 (2001)

Y.H.Chung, W.Loveland

Synthesis of Heavy Elements with Z = 110 - 114 using a Complete Fusion Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 209Bi(59Co, n), (58Ni, n), (64Ni, n), 208Pb(62Ni, n), (63Cu, n), (70Zn, n), 232Th(40Ca, n), (48Ti, n), (50Cr, n), 238U(39K, n), (44Ca, n), (45Sc, n), (49Ti, n), E* ≈ 15 MeV; calculated σ. Comparisons with data.


2001DJ01      Phys.Rev. C64, 034603 (2001)

B.Djerroud, D.K.Agnihotri, S.P.Baldwin, W.Skulski, J.Toke, W.U.Schroder, R.J.Charity, J.F.Dempsey, D.G.Sarantites, L.G.Sobotka, B.Lott, W.Loveland, K.Aleklett

Heavy Residues and Intermediate-Mass Fragment Production in Dissipative 197Au + 86Kr Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(86Kr, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron spectra, light charged particle, intermediate mass fragment, projectile-like and target-like fragments spectra, yields, angular distributions, and correlations; deduced heavy residue survival features, related reaction mechanism features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.64.034603
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2001NI02      Nucl.Phys. A682, 98c (2001)

V.Ninov, K.E.Gregorich, T.N.Ginter, F.P.Hessberger, R.Krucken, D.M.Lee, W.Loveland, W.D.Myers, J.Patin, M.W.Rowe, N.K.Seward, W.J.Swiatecki, A.Turler, P.A.Wilk

Production and Structure of the Heaviest Elements

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00627-8
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2001ZY01      Phys.Rev. C63, 024615 (2001)

K.E.Zyromski, W.Loveland, G.A.Souliotis, D.J.Morrissey, C.F.Powell, O.Batenkov, K.Aleklett, R.Yanez, I.Forsberg

Fusion Enhancement in the 32, 38S + 181Ta Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 181Ta(32S, F), E=157-300 MeV; 181Ta(38S, F), E ≈ 8 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(E, θ), fission fragments angular distributions; deduced fusion barriers, fusion and quasi-fission σ, enhancemant with radioactive beam. Coupled-channels calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.024615
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2000LO02      J.Radioanal.Nucl.Chem. 243, 147 (2000)

W.Loveland

Recent Advances in Understanding Nuclear Reactions

doi: 10.1023/A:1006735802115
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1999LO03      Phys.Rev. C59, 1472 (1999)

W.Loveland, M.Andersson, K.E.Zyromski, N.Ham, B.Altschul, J.Vlcakova, D.Menge, J.O.Liljenzin, R.Yanez, K.Aleklett

Heavy Residue Production in the Interaction of 29 MeV/Nucleon 208Pb with 197Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(208Pb, X), E=29 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments isotopic yields, velocity and angular distributions; deduced reaction mechanism features. Comparison with nucleon transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.59.1472
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1999NI03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 83, 1104 (1999); Erratum Phys.Rev.Lett. 89, 039901 (2002); see also 2002GrZZ

V.Ninov, K.E.Gregorich, W.Loveland, A.Ghiorso, D.C.Hoffman, D.M.Lee, H.Nitsche, W.J.Swiatecki, U.W.Kirbach, C.A.Laue, J.L.Adams, J.B.Patin, D.A.Shaughnessy, D.A.Strellis, P.A.Wilk

Observation of Superheavy Nuclei Produced in the Reaction of 86Kr with 208Pb

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 208Pb(86Kr, n), E=449 MeV; measured α-spectra, (recoil)α-, αα-coin following residual nucleus decay, production σ; deduced evidence for 293Og, 289Lv, 285Fl, 281Cn, 277Ds, 273Hs, 269Sg. Gas-filled separator.

RADIOACTIVITY 293Og, 289Lv, 285Fl, 281Cn, 277Ds, 273Hs(α) [from 208Pb(86Kr, n) and subsequent α-decay]; measured Eα, T1/2.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.1104
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1998SO11      Phys.Rev. C57, 3129 (1998)

G.A.Souliotis, K.Hanold, W.Loveland, I.Lhenry, D.J.Morrissey, A.C.Veeck, G.J.Wozniak

Heavy Residue Formation in 20 MeV/nucleon 197Au-12C and 197Au-27Al Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 27Al(197Au, X), E=20 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments isotopic yields vs momentum transfer, velocity distributions; deduced fission delay times. Comparison with statistical models. Fragment separator.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.3129
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1997LO11      J.Phys.(London) G23, 1251 (1997)

W.Loveland, K.E.Zyromski, G.A.Souliotis, D.J.Morrissey, C.F.Powell, O.Batenkov, K.Aleklett, R.Yanez, I.Forsberg

Fusion Enhancement with Neutron-Rich Radioactive Beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 181Ta(32S, X), (32S, F), E(cm)=120-260 MeV; 181Ta(38S, X), (38S, F), E(cm)=120-220 MeV; measured fusion, fission σ; deduced heavy elements systhesis implications. Coupled-channels calculations. Radioactive beam.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/23/10/012
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1997SO07      Phys.Rev. C55, R2146 (1997)

G.A.Souliotis, W.Loveland, K.E.Zyromski, G.J.Wozniak, D.J.Morrissey, J.O.Liljenzin, K.Aleklett

Production of Neutron Rich Nuclides and Radioactive Beams by Intermediate Energy 238U Fission

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 208Pb(238U, F)106Zr/107Zr/111Mo/114Tc/116Ru/117Ru/118Rh/121Pd/122Pd/125Ag, E=20 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment production σ vs Z, mass for very neutron rich fission fragments; deduced residuals production σ, production rates of radioactive beams of neutron rich nuclei in projectile fragmentation facilities.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.R2146
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1997ZY01      Phys.Rev. C55, R562 (1997)

K.E.Zyromski, W.Loveland, G.A.Souliotis, D.J.Morrissey, C.F.Powell, O.Batenkov, K.Aleklett, R.Yanez, I.Forsberg, M.Sanchez-Vega, J.R.Dunn, B.G.Glagola

Fusion Enhancement with Neutron-Rich Radioactive Beams

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 181Ta(32S, F), E(cm)=150-300 MeV; 181Ta(38S, X), E(cm)=125-220 MeV; measured fusion-fission σ(E); deduced fusion barrier heights.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.R562
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1996SK02      Phys.Rev. C53, R2594 (1996)

W.Skulski, B.Djerroud, D.K.Agnihotri, S.P.Baldwin, J.Toke, X.Zhao, W.U.Schroder, L.G.Sobotka, R.J.Charity, J.Dempsey, D.G.Sarantites, B.Lott, W.Loveland, K.Aleklett

Origin of Slow, Heavy Residues Observed in Dissipative 197Au + 86Kr Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(86Kr, X), (86Kr, F), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron, charged particle multiplicities, fragment energy, (fragment)(fragment)-coin; deduced heavy fragment production σ, reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.R2594
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1996YA05      Phys.Lett. 376B, 29 (1996)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, D.J.Morrissey, K.Aleklett, J.O.Liljenzin, E.Hagebo, D.Jerrestam, L.Westerberg

Systematics of Angular Momentum Transfer in Intermediate Energy Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(16O, F), E=22, 30 MeV/nucleon; measured fission (fragment)(fragment)(θ, φ); deduced angular momentum transfer and alignment, systematics of angular momentum transfer.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(96)00260-2
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1995GH04      Nucl.Phys. A583, 861c (1995)

A.Ghiorso, D.Lee, L.P.Somerville, W.Loveland, J.M.Nitschke, W.Ghiorso, G.T.Seaborg, P.Wilmarth, R.Leres, A.Wydler, M.Nurmia, K.Gregorich, R.Gaylord, T.Hamilton, N.J.Hannink, D.C.Hoffman, C.Jarzynski, C.Kacher, B.Kadkhodayan, S.Kreek, M.Lane, A.Lyon, M.A.McMahan, M.Neu, T.Sikkeland, W.J.Swiatecki, A.Turler, J.T.Walton, S.Yashita

Evidence for the Synthesis of 267110 Produced by the 59Co + 209Bi Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 209Bi(59Co, n), E ≈ 5.1 MeV/nucleon; measured Eα, production σ; deduced evidence for 267Ds.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00775-I
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1995GH05      Phys.Rev. C51, R2293 (1995)

A.Ghiorso, D.Lee, L.P.Somerville, W.Loveland, J.M.Nitschke, W.Ghiorso, G.T.Seaborg, P.Wilmarth, R.Leres, A.Wydler, M.Nurmia, K.Gregorich, K.Czerwinski, R.Gaylord, T.Hamilton, N.J.Hannink, D.C.Hoffman, C.Jarzynski, C.Kacher, B.Kadkhodayan, S.Kreek, M.Lane, A.Lyon, M.A.McMahan, M.Neu, T.Sikkeland, W.J.Swiatecki, A.Turler, J.T.Walton, S.Yashita

Evidence for the Possible Synthesis of Element 110 Produced by the 59Co + 209Bi Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 209Bi(59Co, n), E=5.1 MeV/nucleon; measured implanted recoil Bρ, dE/dx, recoil energy; deduced 267Ds synthesis evidence, production σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.R2293
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1995YA08      Phys.Rev. C52, 203 (1995)

R.Yanez, W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, A.Srivastava, J.O.Liljenzin

Heavy-Residue Production in Ar-Th Collisions at 44, 77, and 95 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 232Th(40Ar, X), E=44, 77 MeV/nucleon; 232Th(36Ar, X), E=95 MeV/nucleon; measured yields for nuclides with mass=24-124, fragment mass distributions, average energies, linear momentum transfer.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.203
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1993LO08      Phys.Lett. 312B, 53 (1993)

W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, R.Yanez, A.Srivastava, J.O.Liljenzin

Properties of Target-Like Fragments of Xe-Au Collisions at Intermediate Energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), E=21-44 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(132Xe, X), E=26 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ), fragment production σ, total kinetic energy, isobaric yield distributions; deduced phenomenological model inadequacies. Activation technique, target-like fragments.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(93)90486-2
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1992YO03      Phys.Rev. C46, 647 (1992)

A.Yokoyama, W.Loveland, J.O.Liljenzin, K.Aleklett, D.J.Morrissey, G.T.Seaborg

Fragmentation of 197Au by 21 MeV/Nucleon 129Xe

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), (129Xe, F), E=21 MeV/nucleon; measured residuals production σ, independent yield distribution, intermediate mass, fission fragment recoils, X=24Na-198Tl; deduced fragment mass distribution, velocities, momenta. Stochastic nucleon exchange model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.46.647
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1990AL03      Phys.Lett. 236B, 404 (1990)

K.Aleklett, W.Loveland, M.De Saint-Simon, L.Sihver, J.O.Liljenzin, G.T.Seaborg

Heavy Residue Linear Momenta in Intermediate Energy Krypton-Gold Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(86Kr, X), E=35, 43 MeV/nucleon; measured heavy residues energy, velocity; deduced momentum transfer features.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(90)90373-E
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1990LO01      Phys.Rev. C41, 973 (1990)

W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, L.Sihver, Z.Xu, C.Casey, D.J.Morrissey, J.O.Liljenzin, M.de Saint-Simon, G.T.Seaborg

Changes in Target Fragmentation Mechanisms with Increasing Projectile Energy in Intermediate Energy Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 197Au(32S, X), E=512 MeV; 197Au(40Ar, X), E=1280, 1760 MeV; measured σ(fragment Z, A, θ); deduced fission σ(E), reaction mechanism, fragment isobaric yield distributions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.41.973
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1990LO12      Phys.Rev. C42, 1753 (1990)

W.Loveland, M.Hellstrom, L.Sihver, K.Aleklett

Target Fragment Mass Distribution for the Reaction of 13.3 GeV/Nucleon 28Si with 197Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, MECPD 197Au(28Si, X), E=13.3 GeV/nucleon; measured fragment production σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.42.1753
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1989AL13      Nucl.Phys. A499, 591 (1989)

K.Aleklett, M.Johansson, L.Sihver, W.Loveland, H.Groening, P.L.McGaughey, G.T.Seaborg

Heavy-Residue Spectra in the Interaction of 85 A MeV 12C with 197Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), E=1032 MeV; measured fragment differential ranges; deduced σ(θ, E), heavy residue longitudinal momenta.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(89)90547-2
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1989CA18      Phys.Rev. C40, 1244 (1989)

C.Casey, W.Loveland, Z.Xu, L.Sihver, K.Aleklett, G.T.Seaborg

Nonequilibrium Fission and Heavy Residue Production in the Interaction of 12-16 MeV/Nucleon 32S with 165Ho

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 165Ho(32S, X), E=12-16 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment Z, A, θ, E); deduced fragment production σ(A), σ(θ), fast nonequilibrium fission.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.40.1244
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1988AL26      Phys.Rev. C38, 1658 (1988), Erratum Phys. Rev. C44, 566 (1991)

K.Aleklett, R.Brandt, G.Dersch, G.Feige, E.M.Friedlander, E.Ganssauge, G.Haase, D.C.Hoffman, J.Herrmann, B.Judek, W.Loveland, P.L.McGaughey, N.T.Porile, W.Shulz, G.T.Seaborg

Unusual Behavior of Projectile Fragments Produced by the Interactions of Relativistic Ar Ions with Copper

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(40Ar, X), E=0.9, 1.8 GeV/nucleon; measured reaction products, Eγ, Iγ; deduced target fragment production σ, projectile fragment secondary interaction properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.1658
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1988LO02      Phys.Rev. C37, 1311 (1988)

W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, M.Bronikowski, Y.Y.Chu, J.B.Cumming, P.E.Haustein, S.Katcoff, N.T.Porile, L.Sihver

Unusual Backward Emission of Multifragmentation Products in Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V, Cu, Ag, 197Au(16O, X)24Na, E=232 GeV; measured residual fragment forward to backward emission ratio; deduced σ(θ). Thick-target, thick-catcher method.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.37.1311
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1988LO10      Phys.Rev. C38, 2094 (1988)

W.Loveland, Z.Xu, C.Casey, K.Aleklett, J.O.Liljenzin, D.Lee, G.T.Seaborg

Total Projectile Kinetic Energy Scaling in Energetic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(139La, X), E=150 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment Z, A); deduced σ(A). Total kinetic energy scaling, target fragmentation, intranuclear cascade model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.2094
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1987AL15      Fizika(Zagreb) 19, Supplement 1, 63 (1987)

K.Aleklett, W.Loveland, L.Sihver, Z.Xu, C.Casey, G.T.Seaborg

Formation of Large Residues in Intermediate Energy Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), (20Ne, X), (32S, X), (40Ar, X), (84Kr, X), (139La, X), E=intermediate; measured fragment yields, velocity spectra, σ(fragment θ); deduced fragment production mechanism.


1987LO14      Nucl.Phys. A471, 175c (1987)

W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, L.Sihver, Z.Xu, C.Casey, G.T.Seaborg

Formation of Large Target Residues in Intermediate Energy Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), E=35, 85 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(40Ar, X), E=32 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(139La, X), E=150 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment isobaric yield distributions, σ(fragment θ(moving frame)) for X=99Mo, 131Ba, 171Lu, 58Co, 87Y, 146Gd; deduced fragment production mechanism. Boltzmann transport equation.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(87)90250-8
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1986AL02      Phys.Rev. C33, 885 (1986)

K.Aleklett, W.Loveland, T.Lund, P.L.McGaughey, Y.Morita, G.T.Seaborg, E.Hagebo, I.Haldorsen

Fast and Slow Processes in the Fragmentation of 238U by 85 MeV/Nucleon 12C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(12C, X), (12C, F), E=85 MeV/nucleon; measured fission, projectile breakup fragment σ(θ, Z, A); deduced fragment σ(θ), fragmentation mechanism, average fissioning system angular momentum.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.33.885
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1986AL25      Phys.Scr. 34, 489 (1986)

K.Aleklett, W.Loveland, T.T.Sugihara, A.N.Behkami, D.J.Morrissey, Li Wenxin, Wing Kot, G.T.Seaborg

Incomplete and Complete Fusion in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 154Sm(16O, X)151Tb/156Tb/151Gd, E=19 MeV/nucleon; 154Sm(12C, X)145Eu/147Eu/135Ce/131Ba/123I/121Te/105Ag, E=35, 85 MeV/nucleon; measured residual nuclei yields, σ(θ), differential range spectra; deduced isobaric yields, velocity spectra. Enriched target, activation method. Boltzmann master equation.

doi: 10.1088/0031-8949/34/6A/004
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1985DE61      Phys.Rev.Lett. 55, 1176 (1985)

G.Dersch, R.Beckmann, G.Feige, T.Lund, P.Vater, R.Brandt, E.Ganssauge, K.Aleklett, E.M.Friedlander, P.L.McGaughey, G.T.Seaborg, W.Loveland, J.Herrmann, N.T.Porile

Unusual Behavior of Projectile Fragments from the Interaction of Copper with Relativistic Ar Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(40Ar, X), E=0.9, 1.8 GeV/A; measured reaction products, Eγ, Iγ; deduced fragments σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.1176
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1985KR02      Nucl.Phys. A432, 525 (1985)

R.H.Kraus, Jr., W.Loveland, K.Aleklett, P.L.McGaughey, T.T.Sugihara, G.T.Seaborg, T.Lund, Y.Morita, E.Hagebo, I.R.Haldorsen

Target-Fragment Angular Distributions for the Interaction of 86 MeV/A 12C with 194Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), E=1032 MeV; measured σ(fragment Z, A); deduced fissioning system angular momentum. Intermediate-energy heavy ions. Fire-streak model, fission, two-step, hydrodynamical models.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(85)90258-1
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1985MC01      Phys.Rev. C31, 896 (1985); Erratum Phys.Rev. C32, 1107 (1985)

P.L.McGaughey, W.Loveland, D.J.Morrissey, K.Aleklett, G.T.Seaborg

Uranium Target Fragmentation by Intermediate and High Energy 12C and 20Ne Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(12C, X), E=1, 3, 4.8, 12 GeV; 238U(20Ne, X), E=8, 20 GeV; measured σ(fragment Z, A); deduced σ(A). Nuclear firestreak model, intranuclear cascade model, target fragmentation, fission, spallation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.31.896
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1983JA11      Can.J.Chem. 61, 701 (1983)

B.V.Jacak, W.Loveland, D.J.Morrissey, P.L.McGaughey, G.T.Seaborg

Heavy Target Fragment Yields in the Interaction of 28 GeV Protons with 238U

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 238U(p, X)71As/72As/74As/76As/84Rb/86Y/87Y/87mY/88Zr/89Zr/90Nb/91Sr/92Nb/92mNb/95Zr/95Nb/95Tc/97Zr/99Mo/100Rh/101Rh/101mRh/105Ru/105Rh/106Ag/106mAg/111In/118Sb/118mSb/119Te/119mTe/120Sb/121Te/122Sb/123I/124Sb/124I/125Xe/126Sb/127Sb, E=28 GeV; measured fragment yields, charge dispersion; deduced isobar production σ, reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1139/v83-130
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1983MO22      Phys.Rev. C28, 2519 (1983)

Y.Morita, W.Loveland, G.T.Seaborg

Target Fragment Angular Distributions for the Interaction of 25.2 GeV 12C with 197Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), E=25.2 GeV; measured σ(fragment θ) for X=44mSc, 97Ru, 145Eu, 149Gd, 171Lu. Two-step, firestreak model analyses.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.28.2519
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1982GR20      Nucl.Phys. A389, 80 (1982)

H.Groening, K.Aleklett, K.J.Moody, P.L.McGaughey, W.Loveland, G.T.Seaborg

Isomer Ratio Measurements for the Reaction 29Si(18O, p2n)44m,44gSc

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 29Si(18O, 2np), E=30-99 MeV; measured isomer relative σ(E). Enriched targets. Statistical model.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(82)90292-5
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1982MO31      Phys.Rev. C 26, 511 (1982)

Y.Morita, W.Loveland, P.L.McGaughey, G.T.Seaborg

Target fragment angular distributions from the interaction of 3.0 GeV and 12.0 GeV 12C with 197Au and 238U

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X)89Zr/90Nb/97Ru/123I/145Eu/149Gd/152Tb/155Dy, E=3, 12 GeV; 238U(12C, X)43K/72As/89Zr/99Mo/133I/149Gd, E=3, 12 GeV; measured reaction products, Eγ, Iγ; deduced σ(θ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.26.511
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