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Search: Author = G.D.Westfall

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2021AB12      Phys.Rev. C 104, L061901 (2021)

M.S.Abdallah, B.E.Aboona, J.Adam, L.Adamczyk, J.R.Adams, J.K.Adkins, G.Agakishiev, I.Aggarwal, M.M.Aggarwal, Z.Ahammed, I.Alekseev, D.M.Anderson, A.Aparin, E.C.Aschenauer, M.U.Ashraf, F.G.Atetalla, A.Attri, G.S.Averichev, V.Bairathi, W.Baker, J.G.Ball Cap, K.Barish, A.Behera, R.Bellwied, P.Bhagat, A.Bhasin, J.Bielcik, J.Bielcikova, I.G.Bordyuzhin, J.D.Brandenburg, A.V.Brandin, I.Bunzarov, J.Butterworth, X.Z.Cai, H.Caines, M.Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, D.Cebra, I.Chakaberia, P.Chaloupka, B.K.Chan, F.-H.Chang, Z.Chang, N.Chankova-Bunzarova, A.Chatterjee, S.Chattopadhyay, D.Chen, J.Chen, J.H.Chen, X.Chen, Z.Chen, J.Cheng, M.Chevalier, S.Choudhury, W.Christie, X.Chu, H.J.Crawford, M.Csanad, M.Daugherity, T.G.Dedovich, I.M.Deppner, A.A.Derevschikov, A.Dhamija, L.Di Carlo, L.Didenko, P.Dixit, X.Dong, J.L.Drachenberg, E.Duckworth, J.C.Dunlop, N.Elsey, J.Engelage, G.Eppley, S.Esumi, O.Evdokimov, A.Ewigleben, O.Eyser, R.Fatemi, F.M.Fawzi, S.Fazio, P.Federic, J.Fedorisin, C.J.Feng, Y.Feng, P.Filip, E.Finch, Y.Fisyak, A.Francisco, C.Fu, L.Fulek, C.A.Gagliardi, T.Galatyuk, F.Geurts, N.Ghimire, A.Gibson, K.Gopal, X.Gou, D.Grosnick, A.Gupta, W.Guryn, A.I.Hamad, A.Hamed, Y.Han, S.Harabasz, M.D.Harasty, J.W.Harris, H.Harrison, S.He, W.He, X.H.He, Y.He, S.Heppelmann, S.Heppelmann, N.Herrmann, E.Hoffman, L.Holub, Y.Hu, H.Huang, H.Z.Huang, S.L.Huang, T.Huang, X.Huang, Y.Huang, T.J.Humanic, G.Igo, D.Isenhower, W.W.Jacobs, C.Jena, A.Jentsch, Y.Ji, J.Jia, K.Jiang, X.Ju, E.G.Judd, S.Kabana, M.L.Kabir, S.Kagamaster, D.Kalinkin, K.Kang, D.Kapukchyan, K.Kauder, H.W.Ke, D.Keane, A.Kechechyan, M.Kelsey, Y.V.Khyzhniak, D.P.Kikola, C.Kim, B.Kimelman, D.Kincses, I.Kisel, A.Kiselev, A.G.Knospe, H.S.Ko, L.Kochenda, L.K.Kosarzewski, L.Kramarik, P.Kravtsov, L.Kumar, S.Kumar, R.Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, J.H.Kwasizur, R.Lacey, S.Lan, J.M.Landgraf, J.Lauret, A.Lebedev, R.Lednicky, J.H.Lee, Y.H.Leung, C.Li, C.Li, W.Li, X.Li, Y.Li, X.Liang, Y.Liang, R.Licenik, T.Lin, Y.Lin, M.A.Lisa, F.Liu, H.Liu, H.Liu, P.Liu, T.Liu, X.Liu, Y.Liu, Z.Liu, T.Ljubicic, W.J.Llope, R.S.Longacre, E.Loyd, N.S.Lukow, X.F.Luo, L.Ma, R.Ma, Y.G.Ma, N.Magdy, D.Mallick, S.Margetis, C.Markert, H.S.Matis, J.A.Mazer, N.G.Minaev, S.Mioduszewski, B.Mohanty, M.M.Mondal, I.Mooney, D.A.Morozov, A.Mukherjee, M.Nagy, J.D.Nam, Md.Nasim, K.Nayak, D.Neff, J.M.Nelson, D.B.Nemes, M.Nie, G.Nigmatkulov, T.Niida, R.Nishitani, L.V.Nogach, T.Nonaka, A.S.Nunes, G.Odyniec, A.Ogawa, S.Oh, V.A.Okorokov, B.S.Page, R.Pak, J.Pan, A.Pandav, A.K.Pandey, Y.Panebratsev, P.Parfenov, B.Pawlik, D.Pawlowska, H.Pei, C.Perkins, L.Pinsky, R.L.Pinter, J.Pluta, B.R.Pokhrel, G.Ponimatkin, J.Porter, M.Posik, V.Prozorova, N.K.Pruthi, M.Przybycien, J.Putschke, H.Qiu, A.Quintero, C.Racz, S.K.Radhakrishnan, N.Raha, R.L.Ray, R.Reed, H.G.Ritter, M.Robotkova, O.V.Rogachevskiy, J.L.Romero, D.Roy, L.Ruan, J.Rusnak, N.R.Sahoo, H.Sako, S.Salur, J.Sandweiss, S.Sato, W.B.Schmidke, N.Schmitz, B.R.Schweid, F.Seck, J.Seger, M.Sergeeva, R.Seto, P.Seyboth, N.Shah, E.Shahaliev, P.V.Shanmuganathan, M.Shao, T.Shao, A.I.Sheikh, D.Shen, S.S.Shi, Y.Shi, Q.Y.Shou, E.P.Sichtermann, R.Sikora, M.Simko, J.Singh, S.Singha, M.J.Skoby, N.Smirnov, Y.Sohngen, W.Solyst, P.Sorensen, H.M.Spinka, B.Srivastava, T.D.S.Stanislaus, M.Stefaniak, D.J.Stewart, M.Strikhanov, B.Stringfellow, A.A.P.Suaide, M.Sumbera, B.Summa, X.M.Sun, X.Sun, Y.Sun, Y.Sun, B.Surrow, D.N.Svirida, Z.W.Sweger, P.Szymanski, A.H.Tang, Z.Tang, A.Taranenko, T.Tarnowsky, J.H.Thomas, A.R.Timmins, D.Tlusty, T.Todoroki, M.Tokarev, C.A.Tomkiel, S.Trentalange, R.E.Tribble, P.Tribedy, S.K.Tripathy, T.Truhlar, B.A.Trzeciak, O.D.Tsai, Z.Tu, T.Ullrich, D.G.Underwood, I.Upsal, G.Van Buren, J.Vanek, A.N.Vasiliev, I.Vassiliev, V.Verkest, F.Videbaek, S.Vokal, S.A.Voloshin, F.Wang, G.Wang, J.S.Wang, P.Wang, Y.Wang, Y.Wang, Z.Wang, J.C.Webb, P.C.Weidenkaff, L.Wen, G.D.Westfall, H.Wieman, S.W.Wissink, J.Wu, Y.Wu, B.Xi, Z.G.Xiao, G.Xie, W.Xie, H.Xu, N.Xu, Q.H.Xu, Y.Xu, Z.Xu, Z.Xu, C.Yang, Q.Yang, S.Yang, Y.Yang, Z.Ye, Z.Ye, L.Yi, K.Yip, Y.Yu, H.Zbroszczyk, W.Zha, C.Zhang, D.Zhang, J.Zhang, S.Zhang, S.Zhang, X.P.Zhang, Y.Zhang, Y.Zhang, Y.Zhang, Z.J.Zhang, Z.Zhang, Z.Zhang, J.Zhao, C.Zhou, X.Zhu, M.Zurek, M.Zyzak

Global Λ-hyperon polarization in Au+Au collisions at √ sNN = 3 GeV

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.104.L061901
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2015WE12      Phys.Rev. C 92, 024902 (2015)

G.D.Westfall

UrQMD study of the effects of centrality definitions on higher moments of net protons at energies available at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E(cm)=7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, 200 GeV/nucleon pair from RHIC; calculated the higher-order cumulants C2 and C4 as well as the ratio C4/C2=κσ2 for net proton multiplicity distributions for different centrality definitions using UrQMD and compared to experimental results from STAR. Showed that multiplicity-based centrality definitions distort the higher-order cumulants and cumulant ratios compared with the known centrality from UrQMD.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024902
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004WE01      J.Phys.(London) G30, S345 (2004)

G.D.Westfall, for the STAR Collaboration

Widths of the balance function for charged kaon pairs from Au + Au at √ sNN = 200 GeV and p + p at √ s = 200 GeV at RHIC

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E(cm)=200 GeV/nucleon; 1H(p, X), E(cm)=200 GeV; analyzed charged pion and kaon pair data; deduced balance functions, reaction mechanism features.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/30/1/040
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004WE08      J.Phys.(London) G30, S1389 (2004)

G.D.Westfall, for the STAR Collaboration

Fluctuations and correlations in STAR

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 1H(p, X), 197Au(d, X), E(cm)=200 GeV/nucleon; 197Au(197Au, X), E(cm)=20, 130, 200 GeV/nucleon; analyzed transverse momentum and net charge fluctuations.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/30/8/134
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004YE01      J.Korean Phys.Soc. 44, 250 (2004)

J.Yee, G.D.Westfall

Study of Reaction Dynamics through the Correlation Function of Fragments from Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment spectra, azimuthal correlation functions; deduced emission mechanism features. Fission-like reactions.


2002TO25      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 15, 427 (2002)

M.B.Tonjes, G.D.Westfall, A.M.Vander Molen, for the STAR Collaboration

Clocking Hadronization at RHIC

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E(cm)=130 GeV/nucleon; analyzed balance functions.

doi: 10.1556/APH.15.2002.3-4.25
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2002TS02      Phys.Rev. C66, 044618 (2002)

M.B.Tsang, R.Shomin, O.Bjarki, C.K.Gelbke, G.J.Kunde, R.C.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, D.Magestro, R.Popescu, A.M.Vandermolen, G.Verde, G.D.Westfall, H.F.Xi, W.A.Friedman, G.Imme, V.Maddalena, C.Nociforo, G.Raciti, G.Riccobene, F.P.Romano, A.Saija, C.Sfienti, S.Fritz, C.Gross, T.Odeh, C.Schwarz, A.Nadasen, D.Sisan, K.A.G.Rao

Generalized isoscaling of isotopic distributions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=50, 100, 150 MeV; 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35, 70, 100, 120 MeV; measured isotope yield ratios; deduced scaling parameters.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.66.044618
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2002WE19      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 15, 349 (2002)

G.D.Westfall

A Soft EOS from Flow and Elliptic Flow

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Sc(Ar, X), Ni(Ni, X), Nb(Kr, X), 197Au(197Au, X), E=high; analyzed elliptic flow parameters vs impact parameter; deduced equation of state features.

doi: 10.1556/APH.15.2002.3-4.17
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001SI05      Phys.Rev. C63, 027602 (2001)

D.Sisan, W.Bauer, O.Bjarki, D.J.Magestro, A.Nadasen, R.Pak, K.A.G.Rao, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.Yuhasz

Intermediate Mass Fragment Emission in Heavy-Ion Collisions: Energy and system mass dependence

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), 93Nb(86Kr, X), E(cm)=8-28 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicities; deduced energy and mass dependences. Comparison with percolation calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.027602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001WE03      Nucl.Phys. A681, 343c (2001)

G.D.Westfall

The Disappearance of Flow and the Nuclear Equation of State

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00538-8
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001WE21      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 14, 415 (2001)

G.D.Westfall

Learning about the Nuclear Equation of State Using Flow

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), 197Au(197Au, X), E ≈ 30-60 MeV/nucleon; analyzed transverse and elliptic flow, balance energy; deduced equation of state features.

doi: 10.1556/APH.14.2001.1-4.39
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001WI01      Phys.Rev. C63, 014601 (2001)

E.M.Winchester, J.A.Winger, R.Laforest, E.Martin, E.Ramakrishnan, D.J.Rowland, A.Ruangma, S.J.Yennello, G.D.Westfall, A.Vander Molen, E.Norbeck

Effect of System N/Z on the Enhanced Production of Even-Z Fragments Observed in Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe, 58Ni(40Ar, X), (40Cl, X), (40Ca, X), E=25 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments isotopic yields, charge distributions; deduced enhancement of even-Z fragments, effect of system charge-to-mass ratio.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.014601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000CO20      Phys.Rev. C61, 067602 (2000)

E.Colin, R.Sun, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Nuclear Disassembly in Violent Central Collisions at Intermediate Energies: (65-115)A MeV 40Ar + Cu, Ag, Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=65-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments multiplicity, velocity, mass distributions; deduced rate of nuclear disassembly.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.067602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000MA03      Phys.Rev. C61, 021602 (2000)

D.J.Magestro, W.Bauer, O.Bjarki, J.D.Crispin, M.L.Miller, M.B.Tonjes, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, R.Pak, E.Norbeck

Disappearance of Transverse Flow in Au + Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=24.5-57.6 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragments mean transverse momenta; deduced balance energy for disappearance of collective flow, related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.021602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000MA79      Phys.Rev. C62, 041603 (2000)

D.J.Magestro, W.Bauer, G.D.Westfall

Isolation of the Nuclear Compressibility with the Balance Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), 93Nb(86Kr, X), 197Au(197Au, X), E=high; calculated balance energy vs impact parameter, in-meduim cross section; deduced compressibility, related features. Boltzmann-Ueling-Uhlenbeck model, comparisons with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.62.041603
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000SU01      Phys.Rev.Lett. 84, 43 (2000)

R.Sun, E.Colin, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Balance of Mass, Momentum, and Energy in Splintering Central Collisions for 40Ar up to 115 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments mass, charge, multiplicity, momentum, angular distributions. Comparison with statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.43
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000SU12      Phys.Rev. C61, 061601 (2000)

R.Sun, E.Colin, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Isotropic Emission Components in Splintering Central Collisions: (17-115)A MeV 40Ar + Cu, Ag, Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments mass and charge distributions, multiplicities, kinetic energy spectra, angular distributions; deduced reaction mechanism features. Sequential evaporation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.061601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1999HT01      Phys.Rev. C59, 336 (1999)

M.M.Htun, R.Madey, W.M.Zhang, M.Elaasar, D.Keane, B.D.Anderson, A.R.Baldwin, J.Jiang, A.Scott, Y.Shao, J.W.Watson, K.Frankel, L.Heilbronn, G.Krebs, M.A.McMahan, W.Rathbun, J.Schambach, G.D.Westfall, S.Yennello, C.Gale, J.Zhang

Neutrons from Multiplicity-Selected La-La and Nb-Nb Collisions at 400A MeV and La-La Collisions at 250A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS La(La, nX), E=250, 400 MeV/nucleon; Nb(Nb, nX), E=250 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron emission σ(θ, φ) vs rapidity; deduced maximum azimuthal anisotropy ratio vs θ, neutron flow features. Comparison with BUU calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.59.336
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1999MI03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 82, 1399 (1999)

M.L.Miller, O.Bjarki, D.J.Magestro, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, M.B.Tonjes, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.A.Friedman

Disappearance of the Isospin Dependence of Multifragment Production

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), E=45-105 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle, intermediate mass fragments multiplicity distributions; deduced isospin dependence features. Several models compared.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.1399
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1999YA16      Phys.Rev. C60, 041602 (1999)

L.B.Yang, E.Norbeck, W.A.Friedman, O.Bjarki, F.D.Ingram, R.A.Lacey, D.J.Magestro, M.L.Miller, A.Nadasen, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, S.J.Yennello

Odd-Even Z Isospin Anomaly in Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), E=45, 75, 105 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(E, θ), intermediate mass fragments charge, energy distributions; deduced odd-even Z effect in yields vs target and projectile N/Z ratio.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.041602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1998CO03      Phys.Rev. C57, R1032 (1998)

E.Colin, R.Sun, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Splintering Central Collisions: Systematics of momentum and energy deposition for (17-115)A MeV 40Ar

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured light, intermediate, heavy fragments velocity, mass, angle, charge distributions; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.R1032
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1998HE33      Phys.Rev. C58, 3451 (1998)

L.Heilbronn, R.Madey, M.Elaasar, M.Htun, K.Frankel, W.G.Gong, B.D.Anderson, A.R.Baldwin, J.Jiang, D.Keane, M.A.McMahan, W.H.Rathbun, A.Scott, Y.Shao, J.W.Watson, G.D.Westfall, S.Yennello, W.-M.Zhang

Neutron Yields from 435 MeV/nucleon Nb Stopping in Nb and 272 MeV/nucleon Nb Stopping in Nb and Al

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(93Nb, nX), E=272, 435 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(93Nb, nX), E=272 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron stopping-target yields, multiplicity, σ(En, θ). Comparison to model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.3451
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC0897.


1998WE04      Nucl.Phys. A630, 27c (1998)

G.D.Westfall

The Impact Parameter and Isospin Dependence of the Disappearance of Flow

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(97)00741-0
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1998XI05      Phys.Rev. C58, R2636 (1998)

H.F.Xi, G.J.Kunde, O.Bjarki, C.K.Gelbke, R.C.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, D.Magestro, R.Popescu, R.Shomin, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vandermolen, G.D.Westfall, G.Imme, V.Maddalena, C.Nociforo, G.Raciti, G.Riccobene, F.P.Romano, A.Saija, C.Sfienti, S.Fritz, C.Gross, T.Odeh, C.Schwarz, A.Nadasen, D.Sisan, K.A.G.Rao

Dynamical Emission and Isotope Thermometry

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35, 70, 100, 120 MeV/nucleon; measured light, intermediate fragments yields, correlation functions; deduced apparent temperature for emission. Several methods compared.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.R2636
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1997PA12      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 1022 (1997)

R.Pak, W.Benenson, O.Bjarki, J.A.Brown, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, B.-A.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, P.Pogodin, D.E.Russ, M.Steiner, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, S.J.Yennello

Isospin Dependence of Collective Transverse Flow in Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Mn, X), E=56.6 MeV/nucleon; 58Ni, 58Fe(58Ni, X), (58Fe, X), E=55 MeV/nucleon; measured collective transverse flow; deduced flow variables, nucleon-nucleon collisions elementary aspects models dependence. Transport models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1022
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1997PA13      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 1026 (1997)

R.Pak, B.-A.Li, W.Benenson, O.Bjarki, J.A.Brown, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, D.J.Magestro, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, D.E.Russ, M.Steiner, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, S.J.Yennello

Isospin Dependence of the Balance Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), E ≤ 105 MeV/nucleon; measured transverse flow vs E; deduced balance energy isospin dependence related features. Transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1026
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1997ST09      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 2084 (1997)

N.T.B.Stone, O.Bjarki, E.E.Gualtieri, S.A.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, J.Lauret, W.J.Llope, D.J.Magestro, R.Pak, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Lee

Evidence for the Decay of Nuclear Matter Toroidal Geometries in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35-95 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass mean fragment multiplicity, total charge vs E; deduced nuclear matter toroidal geometries decay evidence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.2084
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1997ST11      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 2084 (1997); see 1997St09

N.T.B.Stone, O.Bjarki, E.E.Gualtieri, S.A.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, J.Lauret, W.J.Llope, D.J.Magestro, R.Pak, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Evidence for the Decay of Nuclear Matter Toroidal Geometries in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.2084
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1996PA08      Phys.Rev. C53, R1469 (1996)

R.Pak, W.J.Llope, D.Craig, E.E.Gualtieri, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, A.C.Mignerey, D.E.Russ, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Impact Parameter Dependence of the Disappearance of Transverse Flow in Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment transverse flow vs E in reaction plane, mean transverse momentum vs rapidity, other aspects; deduced impact parameter dependence features. Quantum molecular dynamics model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.R1469
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1996PA25      Phys.Rev. C54, 1681 (1996)

R.Pak, D.Craig, E.E.Gualtieri, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, W.J.Llope, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Radial Flow in 40Ar + 45Sc Reactions at E = 35-115 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragments collective expansion radial flow. Comparison to BUU, WIX model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.54.1681
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1996PA35      Phys.Rev. C54, 2457 (1996)

R.Pak, O.Bjarki, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, W.J.Llope, A.Nadasen, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall

Momentum Dependence of the Nuclear Mean Field from Peripheral Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-155 MeV/nucleon; measured balance energies. Transverse momentum analysis method, comparision to QMD, nuclear mean field.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.54.2457
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1995GA30      Phys.Rev. C52, 2782 (1995)

S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, T.Glasmacher, E.Gualtieri, K.Haglin, D.O.Handzy, S.Hannuschke, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, R.Lacey, W.G.Lynch, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, R.Pak, S.Pratt, N.Stone, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Two-Proton Correlations for 16O + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 200 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(16O, X), E=200 MeV/nucleon; measured 2p correlation functions. Intensity interferometry. BUU transport theory.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.2782
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1995GU15      Phys.Lett. 357B, 7 (1995)

E.E.Gualtieri, J.Yee, D.Craig, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, T.Li, W.J.Llope, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, J.S.Winfield, G.D.Westfall, S.J.Yennello

Absence of Saturation in Energy Deposition in 40Ar + 232Th Collisions at E = 15-115 A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), (40Ar, F), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fission, intermediate mass (fragment)(fragment)(θ), light charged particle production; deduced saturation absence in central collisions energy depositions. 4π detector.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00901-V
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1995HA32      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 2916 (1995)

D.O.Handzy, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, R.Lacey, T.Li, M.A.Lisa, W.J.Llope, W.G.Lynch, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, S.Pratt, C.Schwarz, N.Stone, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Understanding Proton Emission in Central Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80-160 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θ, Ep), pp-correlation function, central collisions; deduced proton emission from particle-unstable states possibility. BUU transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.2916
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1995LI41      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 2662 (1995)

M.A.Lisa, S.Albergo, F.Bieser, F.P.Brady, Z.Caccia, D.A.Cebra, A.D.Chacon, J.L.Chance, Y.Choi, S.Costa, J.B.Elliott, M.L.Gilkes, J.A.Hauger, A.S.Hirsch, E.L.Hjort, A.Insolia, M.Justice, D.Keane, J.Kintner, H.S.Matis, M.McMahan, C.McParland, D.L.Olson, M.D.Partlan, N.T.Porile, R.Potenza, G.Rai, J.Rasmussen, H.G.Ritter, J.Romanski, J.L.Romero, G.V.Russo, R.Scharenberg, A.Scott, Y.Shao, B.K.Srivastava, T.J.M.Symons, M.Tincknell, C.Tuve, S.Wang, P.Warren, G.D.Westfall, H.H.Wieman, K.Wolf, and the EOS Collaboration

Radial Flow in Au + Au Collisions at E = (0.25-1.15)A GeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=0.25-1.15 GeV/nucleon; measured light fragment energy spectra at midrapidity; deduced temperature, radial flow parameters. Quantum molecular dynamics, BUU models analysis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.2662
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1995LL01      Phys.Rev. C51, 1325 (1995)

W.J.Llope, J.A.Conrad, C.M.Mader, G.Peilert, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, T.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Autocorrelations and Intermediate-Mass-Fragment Multiplicities in Central Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(20Ne, X), 45Sc(40Ar, X), 93Nb(84Kr, X), 139La(129Xe, X), E=15-155 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment average multiplicities; deduced model validities, autocorrelating centrality variables.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.1325
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1995LL02      Phys.Rev. C52, 1900 (1995)

W.J.Llope, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, T.Li, C.M.Mader, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.Peilert, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

The Sphericity of Central Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, X), E=155 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(20Ne, X), E=140 MeV/nucleon; 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=115 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 139La(129Xe, X), E=60 MeV/nucleon; analyzed sphericity data. Dynamic, hybrid models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.1900
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1995LL03      Phys.Rev. C52, 2004 (1995)

W.J.Llope, S.E.Pratt, N.Frazier, R.Pak, D.Craig, E.E.Gualtieri, S.A.Hannuschke, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, A.C.Mignerey, D.E.Russ

The Fragment Coalescence Model

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=55, 115 MeV/nucleon; measured particle multiplicities; deduced source radii versus the transverse velocity, temperature. Fragment coalescence model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.2004
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1995ST13      Phys.Rev. C51, 3157 (1995)

N.T.B.Stone, W.J.Llope, G.D.Westfall

Transitions in Nuclear Disassembly as Viewed by Fragment Charge Correlations

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(20Ne, X), E=55-140 MeV/nucleon; 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=35-75 MeV/nucleon; 139La(129Xe, X), E=25-60 MeV/nucleon; analyzed data; deduced nuclear disassembly transitions related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.3157
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1995WI19      Phys.Rev. C51, 3136 (1995)

W.K.Wilson, W.Bauer, D.Cebra, M.Cronqvist, D.Krofcheck, R.Lacey, T.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, C.A.Ogilvie, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee

Azimuthal Distributions and Collective Motion in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-100 MeV/nucleon; measured light particle (Z=1, 2) azimuthal distribution; deduced mean field deflection associated anisotropy related features. Microscopic approach, mean-field mediated interactions plus NN-collisions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.3136
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1995YE03      Phys.Lett. 356B, 191 (1995)

J.Yee, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Craig, S.A.Hannuschke, T.Li, W.J.Llope, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, S.J.Yennello, R.A.Lacey, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Tracking Fission-Like Processes in Central Collisions of 40Ar + 232Th; E = 15-115 A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), (40Ar, F), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fission fragment σ(θ), σ(φ), (fragment)(charged particle)-coin; deduced incomplete fusion followed by fission-like processes evidence.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00805-U
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1995ZH33      Phys.Rev. C52, 2643 (1995)

W.M.Zhang, R.Madey, J.Schambach, M.Elaasar, D.Keane, B.D.Anderson, A.R.Baldwin, J.W.Watson, G.D.Westfall, G.Krebs, H.Weimann, J.Zhang, C.Gale

Neutrons from Multiplicity-Selected Au-Au Collisions at 150A, 250A, 400A, and 650A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, xn), E=150-650 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron triple differential σ at multiplicity-selected relativistic collisions; deduced collective flow variables. BUU calculations, momentum dependent interaction.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.2643
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1994EL01      Phys.Rev. C49, R10 (1994)

M.Elaasar, R.Madey, W.M.Zhang, J.Schambach, D.Keane, B.D.Anderson, A.R.Baldwin, J.W.Watson, G.D.Westfall, G.Krebs, H.Wieman, C.Gale, K.Haglin

Maximum Azimuthal Anisotropy of Neutrons from Nb-Nb Collisions at 400 A MeV and the Nuclear Equation of State

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(93Nb, xn), E=400 MeV/nucleon; measured triple differential σ. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.R10
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1994HA29      Phys.Rev. C50, 858 (1994)

D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, C.M.Mader, G.F.Peaslee, T.Reposeur, S.Pratt, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Two-Proton Correlation Functions for 36Ar + 45Sc at E/A = 80 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured 2p-correlation functions. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.858
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1994LA29      Phys.Lett. 339B, 22 (1994)

J.Lauret, R.A.Lacey, A.Elmaani, A.Tsepetis, A.Moores, G.D.Westfall, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Li, W.J.Llope, R.Pak, N.Stone, A.Vander Molen, J.Yee, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

High-Order Azimuthal Correlation Functions: Powerful probes for collective motion in heavy ion reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured azimuthal correlation functions; deduced collective motion probing related features.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)91127-4
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1994LI07      Phys.Rev. C49, 1630 (1994)

T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Pak, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, R.Lacey, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Mass Dependence of Critical Behavior in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment σ(Z); deduced critical behavior mass dependence. Percolation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.1630
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1994YE01      Phys.Lett. 321B, 15 (1994)

S.J.Yennello, B.Young, J.Lee, J.A.Winger, J.S.Winfield, G.D.Westfall, A.Vander Molen, B.M.Sherrill, J.Shea, E.Norbeck, D.J.Morrissey, T.Li, E.Gualtieri, D.Craig, W.Benenson, D.Bazin

The use of Radioactive Nuclear Beams to Study the Equilibration of the N/Z Degree of Freedom in Intermediate-Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Ni, 58Fe(40Ca, X), (40Ar, X), E=53 MeV/nucleon; 9Be(40Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment spectra, isotope production ratio for fragment Z ≤ 5; deduced target, beam N/Z dependence.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90321-2
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1993BA19      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 3705 (1993)

E.Bauge, A.Elmaani, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, N.N.Ajitanand, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Li, B.Llope, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Observation of a Saturation in the Time Scale for Multifragment Emission in Symmetric Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=35-75 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment) reduced velocity correlation functions; deduced intermediate mass fragment emission T1/2, time scale saturation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3705
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1993LA02      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 1224 (1993)

R.A.Lacey, A.Elmaani, J.Lauret, T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Lee, S.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Multifragment Azimuthal Correlation Functions: Probes from reaction dynamics in collisions of intermediate energy heavy ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=45 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)(φ); deduced rotational collective motion, flow dominance, usefulness as reaction dynamics probe.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.1224
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1993LI08      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 1924 (1993)

T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, W.J.Llope, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Intermediate Mass Fragment Production in Central Collisions of Intermediate Energy Heavy Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment Z); deduced power-law parameter minimum.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.1924
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1993LI16      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 3709 (1993)

M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, C.M.Mader, G.F.Peaslee, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Impact-Parameter-Selected Two-Proton Intensity Interferometry for 36Ar + 45Sc at E/A = 80 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured (pp)(θ) vs momentum. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck theory.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3709
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1993LI37      Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 2863 (1993)

M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, S.Pratt, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Observation of Lifetime Effects in Two-Proton Correlations for Well-Characterized Sources

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured pp-longitudinal, transverse correlation functions; deduced emitting source characteristic T1/2, other features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.2863
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1993WE09      Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 1986 (1993)

G.D.Westfall, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, D.Klakow, T.Li, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, R.Lacey, A.Elmaani, J.Lauret, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Mass Dependence of the Disappearance of Flow in Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, X), E=55-155 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(20Ne, X), E=55-140 MeV/nucleon; 41Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35-75 MeV/nucleon; measured flow disappearance vs mass; deduced E(balance) dependence on mass. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uehlenbeck calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1986
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1992BA33      Phys.Rev. C46, 258 (1992)

A.R.Baldwin, R.Madey, W.-M.Zhang, B.D.Anderson, D.Keane, J.Varga, J.W.Watson, G.D.Westfall, K.Frankel, C.Gale

Inclusive Neutron Cross Sections from Ne-Pb Collisions at 790 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Pb(Ne, nX), E=790 MeV/nucleon; measured inclusive neutron spectra. Comparison with four different nucleus-nucleus collision models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.46.258
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1992KR13      Phys.Rev. C46, 1416 (1992)

D.Krofcheck, W.Bauer, G.M.Crawley, S.Howden, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, R.S.Tickle, C.Djalali, C.Gale

Disappearance of Flow as a Probe of the Nuclear Equation of State

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(93Nb, X), E=97, 145 MeV/nucleon; 139La(139La, X), E=100-160 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment in-plane transverse momentum spectra, multiplicity distributions; deduced flow disappearance as balance between attractive, repulsive scattering.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.46.1416
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1992RE01      Phys.Lett. 276B, 418 (1992)

T.Reposeur, J.Clayton, W.Benenson, M.Cronqvist, S.Hannuschke, S.Howden, J.Karn, D.Krofcheck, A.Nadasen, C.Ogilvie, R.Pfaff, J.D.Stevenson, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, B.Young, M.F.Mohar, D.J.Morrissey

Impact Parameter Dependence of High Energy Gamma Ray Production in Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=65 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ, Eγ), (fragment)γ-coin; deduced impact parameter dependence. Multi-detector array.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(92)91660-2
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1991BA47      Phys.Lett. 267B, 317 (1991)

H.W.Barz, D.A.Cebra, H.Schulz, G.D.Westfall

Event Shape Analysis of the Reaction 40Ar + 51V within a Prompt Multifragmentation Scenario

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-85 MeV/nucleon; analyzed data; deduced multifragmentation mechanism. Statistical fragmentation followed by sequential decay.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90938-M
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1991GO04      Phys.Rev. C43, R1504 (1991)

P.L.Gonthier, J.D.Lenters, M.T.Vonk, D.Bleitz, T.Koppenol, D.A.Cebra, W.K.Wilson, A.Vander Molen, J.Karn, S.Howden, A.Nadasen, J.S.Winfield, G.D.Westfall

Sources of Light Particles in Peripheral Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 16O(Ni, αX), E=860 MeV; measured Eα, Iα, σ(θα, Eα, fragment θ); deduced α-emission mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.R1504
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1991KR01      Phys.Rev. C43, 350 (1991)

D.Krofcheck, D.A.Cebra, M.Cronqvist, R.Lacey, T.Li, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, K.Tyson, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Observation of a Minimum in Collective Flow for Ar + V Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=100 MeV/nucleon; measured light charge particle spectra; deduced nuclear matter flow features. 4π solid angle array.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.350
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1991PR07      Nucl.Phys. A534, 204 (1991)

C.A.Pruneau, G.C.Ball, E.Hagberg, D.Horn, S.Gilbert, L.Potvin, C.Rioux, C.St-Pierre, T.E.Drake, A.Galindo-Uribarri, G.Zwartz, D.A.Cebra, S.Howden, J.Karn, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Impact-Parameter Independence of Participant Energy Spectra Measured in Symmetric Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 23Na, 19F, 45Sc, 197Au(20Ne, X), E=45 MeV/nucleon; 23Na, 19F(20Ne, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particles spectra multiplicities; deduced impact parameters. Energy spectra gated by impact parameter, 4π phoswich detector array, Si detector telescopes. Reaction simulations filtered by experimental acceptance.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(91)90563-L
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1991WI11      Phys.Rev. C43, 2696 (1991)

W.K.Wilson, D.Cebra, S.Howden, J.Karn, D.Krofcheck, R.Lacey, T.Li, A.Nadasen, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, C.A.Ogilvie, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield

Mean Field Deflection in Peripheral Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, pX), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured p(frament)-coin, proton transverse momentum spectra; deduced proton deflection direction.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.2696
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1990CE04      Phys.Rev.Lett. 64, 2246 (1990)

D.A.Cebra, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Nadasen, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, E.Norbeck

Event-Shape Analysis: Sequential versus simultaneous multifragment emission

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-85 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragment multiplicity, mass, charge, kinetic energy distributions; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.2246
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1990GO08      Phys.Rev. C41, 2635 (1990)

P.L.Gonthier, P.Harper, B.Bouma, R.Ramaker, D.A.Cebra, Z.M.Koenig, D.Fox, G.D.Westfall

Breakup of the Projectile at 35 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Ni(16O, αX), E=560 MeV; measured σ(Eα, fragment energy), α(fragment)-coin for X=C, B, Be; deduced projectile breakup mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.41.2635
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1990OG03      Phys.Rev. C42, R10 (1990)

C.A.Ogilvie, W.Bauer, D.A.Cebra, J.Clayton, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Nadasen, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Disappearance of Flow and Its Relevance to Nuclear Matter Physics

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35, 45, 55, 65, 75, 85 MeV/nucleon; measured transverse collective motion in light particles (Z=1, 2, 3); deduced E(balance) lower limit, nuclear meanfield component features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.42.R10
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1990WI03      Phys.Rev. C41, R1881 (1990)

W.K.Wilson, W.Benenson, D.A.Cebra, J.Clayton, S.Howden, J.Karn, T.Li, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, B.Young, A.Nadasen

Azimuthal Asymmetry in Ar + V Collisions from E/A = 35 to 85 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-85 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ); deduced asymmetry mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.41.R1881
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1989CE02      Phys.Lett. 227B, 336 (1989)

D.A.Cebra, W.Benenson, Y.Chen, E.Kashy, A.Pradhan, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, D.J.Morrissey, R.S.Tickle, R.Korteling, R.L.Helmer

Two-Particle Correlations from 500 MeV p + Ag and Be

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag, Be(p, 2pX), (p, 2dX), (p, dαX), (p, pdX), (p, pαX), (p, 2tX), E=500 MeV; measured light (particle)(particle)-correlations; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(89)90940-4
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1989KR11      Phys.Rev.Lett. 63, 2029 (1989)

D.Krofcheck, W.Bauer, G.M.Crawley, C.Djalali, S.Howden, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, R.S.Tickle, C.Gale

Disappearance of Flow in Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 139La(139La, X), E=50-130 MeV/nucleon; measured average in-plane transverse momentum vs c.m. rapidity; deduced flow disappearance.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.63.2029
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1989OG02      Phys.Rev. C40, 654 (1989)

C.A.Ogilvie, D.A.Cebra, J.Clayton, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Determination of the Impact Vector in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40Ca(40Ca, X), E=40-100 MeV/nucleon; calculated particle multiplicity, midrapidity charge. 12C(12C, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; analyzed σ(fragment E, θ), Z=2. 51V(40Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; calculated midrapidity charge yields.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.40.654
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1989OG03      Phys.Rev. C40, 2592 (1989)

C.A.Ogilvie, D.A.Cebra, J.Clayton, P.Danielewicz, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Nadasen, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Transverse Collective Motion in Intermediate-Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; 12C(12C, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particle fragment rapidities; deduced reaction mechanism, transverse collective motion evidence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.40.2592
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1989OG04      Phys.Lett. 231B, 35 (1989)

C.A.Ogilvie, D.A.Cebra, J.Clayton, P.Danielewicz, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Nadasen, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Longitudinal Collective Motion in Intermediate-Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; 12C(12C, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particles; deduced collective motion longitudinal component.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(89)90108-1
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1989PR02      Nucl.Phys. A500, 168 (1989)

C.Pruneau, L.Potvin, R.Roy, C.St-Pierre, G.C.Ball, R.Bougault, E.Hagberg, D.Horn, D.Cebra, D.Fox, G.D.Westfall

Peripheral Collisions of 40 MeV/u 14N with a 197Au Target

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(14N, X), (14N, pX), (14N, dX), (14N, tX), (14N, αX), E=560 MeV; measured σ(fragment θ, Z), σ(fragment Z, θ, E), σ(fragment Z(X), E(X)); deduced reaction mechanism. Natural target.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(89)90136-X
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1988BA04      Phys.Rev. C37, 664 (1988)

W.Bauer, G.D.Westfall, D.Fox, D.A.Cebra

Momentum Space Simulation of Proton Spectra in Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, pX), E=40 MeV/nucleon; calculated σ(θp, Ep). Momentum space simulation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.37.664
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1988FO03      Phys.Rev. C38, 146 (1988)

D.Fox, D.A.Cebra, J.Karn, C.Parks, A.Pradhan, A.Vander Molen, J.van der Plicht, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, R.S.Tickle

Angular Correlations Near the Fermi Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, X), C(12C, X), E=40, 50 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θ, E), (particle)(particle)(θ) for light particle; deduced source temperature.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.146
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1988LA20      Phys.Rev. C38, 1961 (1988)

A.R.Lampis, J.Stevenson, W.Benenson, J.Clayton, D.Cebra, Y.Chen, D.Fox, E.Kashy, D.J.Morrissey, M.Samuel, R.Smith, C.L.Tam, G.D.Westfall, K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield

Correlations between High-Energy Gamma Rays and Light Fragments in Heavy Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Zn(14N, pγ), (14N, dγ), (14N, tγ), E=40 MeV/nucleon; measured (particle)γ-coin, σ(Ep, θp, θγ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.1961
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1988SI01      Phys.Rev. C37, 158 (1988)

J.D.Silk, H.D.Holmgren, D.L.Hendrie, T.J.M.Symons, G.D.Westfall, P.H.Stelson, S.Raman, R.L.Auble, J.R.Wu, K.Van Bibber

Fragmentation of 16O Projectiles at 100 MeV per Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(16O, 12CX), E=100 MeV/nucleon; measured invariant σ vs rapidity. 27Al(16O, X), E=100 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ), σ vs fragment mass for X=7,9,10Be, 10,11,12B, 10,11,12,13,14C, 13,14,15N; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.37.158
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1987FO08      Phys.Rev. C36, 640 (1987)

D.Fox, D.A.Cebra, J.Karn, C.Parks, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson

In-Plane Light Particle Correlations in 40 MeV/Nucleon C + C, Ag, Au, and 50 MeV/Nucleon C + C Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS C, Ag, 197Au(C, X), E=40 MeV/nucleon; C(C, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment E, θ) for X=p, d, t, 3He, α; deduced moving source parameters.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.36.640
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1987GO17      Phys.Rev. C35, 1946 (1987)

P.L.Gonthier, B.Bouma, P.Harper, R.Ramaker, D.A.Cebra, Z.M.Koenig, D.Fox, G.D.Westfall

Alpha Emission at the Fermi Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Ni(16O, αX), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(Eα, θα, fragment θ), α-particle velocity distribution; deduced reaction mechanism, nonequilibrium components. Enriched target, ΔE-E telescopes. Model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.35.1946
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1987JA06      Phys.Rev. C35, 1751 (1987)

B.V.Jacak, G.D.Westfall, G.M.Crawley, D.Fox, C.K.Gelbke, L.H.Harwood, B.E.Hasselquist, W.G.Lynch, D.K.Scott, H.Stocker, M.B.Tsang, G.Buchwald, T.J.M.Symons

Fragment Production in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ca, Au(40Ar, X), E=42, 92, 137 MeV/nucleon; Al, Au(20Ne, X), E=100, 156 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment E, θ), for X=1,2,3H, 3,4,6He, 6,7,8,9Li, 7,9,10Be, 10,11,12B, C, N; deduced moving source parameters. NaI-Si, multi-Si telescopes. Coalescence, quantum statistical models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.35.1751
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1986FO04      Phys.Rev. C33, 1540 (1986)

D.Fox, D.A.Cebra, Z.M.Koenig, P.Ugorowski, G.D.Westfall

Large Angle Correlations in 40 MeV/nucleon 12C + C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, 2p), (12C, 2d), (12C, 2t), (12C, 23He), (12C, 2α), E=40 MeV/nucleon; measured (particle)(particle)(θ), (particle)(particle)(φ); deduced correlation functions. Momentum conservation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.33.1540
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1986MA51      Phys.Rev. C34, 1342 (1986)

R.Madey, J.Varga, G.Fai, A.F.Barghouty, B.D.Anderson, A.R.Baldwin, R.Cecil, J.W.Watson, G.D.Westfall

Angular Distributions of Low-Energy Neutrons from 390-MeV/Nucleon Ne + Pb Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Pb(Ne, nX), E=390 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θn). TOF, plastic scintillators. Three source model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.34.1342
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1985HA19      Phys.Rev. C32, 145 (1985)

B.E.Hasselquist, G.M.Crawley, B.V.Jacak, Z.M.Koenig, G.D.Westfall, J.E.Yurkon, R.S.Tickle, J.P.Dufour, T.J.M.Symons

Light-Particle-Complex-Fragment Coincidence Cross Sections from Intermediate Energy Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au, 27Al(12C, dX), (12C, tX), E=30 MeV/nucleon; measured inclusive σ(θp, Ep), σ(θd, Ed), σ(θt, Et). 197Au(40Ar, pX), (40Ar, dX), (40Ar, tX), (40Ar, 3HeX), (40Ar, αX), E=92 MeV/nucleon; measured inclusive σ(θp, Ep), σ(θd, Ed), σ(θt, Et), σ(θ(3He), E(3He)), σ(θα, Eα). Moving source model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.32.145
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1985JA18      Phys.Rev. C 31, 704 (1985)

B.V.Jacak, D.Fox, G.D.Westfall

Coalescence of complex fragments

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au, Ca(Ar, X)1H/2H/3H/3He/4He/6He/6Li/8Li/9Li/7Be/10Be/11B/12B/C/N, E=137 MeV/nucleon; measured reaction products, Ep, Ip, Eα, Iα; deduced σ(θ, E). Comparison with the coalescence model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.31.704
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1985ST20      Phys.Lett. 161B, 60 (1985)

G.S.F.Stephans, D.G.Kovar, R.V.F.Janssens, G.Rosner, H.Ikezoe, B.Wilkins, D.Henderson, K.T.Lesko, J.J.Kolata, C.K.Gelbke, B.V.Jacak, Z.M.Koenig, G.D.Westfall, A.Szanto De Toledo, E.M.Szanto, P.L.Gonthier

Influence of Nucleon Fermi Motion on Incomplete Fusion

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 24Mg, 27Al, 28Si, 40Ca, 48Ti(14N, X), E=5-35 MeV/nucleon; measured evaporation residue velocity spectra; deduced Fermi motion role in inelastic fusion. Other data input.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(85)90609-4
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1985WE14      Nucl.Instrum.Methods 238, 347 (1985)

G.D.Westfall, J.E.Yurkon, J.Van Der Plicht, Z.M.Koenig, B.V.Jacak, R.Fox, G.M.Crawley, M.R.Maier, B.E.Hasselquist, R.S.Tickle, D.Horn

A Logarithmic Detection System Suitable for a 4π Array

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(14N, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; 58Ni(35Cl, X), E=230 MeV; 12C(12C, X), E=30 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment, charge spectra.

doi: 10.1016/0168-9002(85)90472-3
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1984WE03      Phys.Rev. C29, 861 (1984)

G.D.Westfall, Z.M.Koenig, B.V.Jacak, L.H.Harwood, G.M.Crawley, M.W.Curtin, C.K.Gelbke, B.Hasselquist, W.G.Lynch, A.D.Panagiotou, D.K.Scott, H.Stocker, M.B.Tsang

Light Particle Spectra from 35 MeV/Nucleon 12C-Induced Reactions on 197Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(12C, pX), (12C, dX), (12C, tX), (12C, 3HeX), (12C, αX), (12C, 6HeX), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured inclusive σ(Ep, θ), σ(Ed, θ), σ(Et, θ), σ(E(3He), θ), σ(Eα, θ), σ(E(6He, θ)); deduced moving source parameters, composite particle to proton yield ratio. Quantum statistical, hydrodynamic, thermal models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.29.861
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1983JA15      Phys.Rev.Lett. 51, 1846 (1983); Erratum Phys.Rev.Lett. 52, 696 (1984)

B.V.Jacak, G.D.Westfall, C.K.Gelbke, L.H.Harwood, W.G.Lynch, D.K.Scott, H.Stocker, M.B.Tsang, T.J.M.Symons

Measurement of Complex Fragments and Clues to the Entropy Production from 42-137-MeV/Nucleon Ar + Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(40Ar, 10Be), (40Ar, X), E=42, 92, 137 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment E, θ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.51.1846
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1982AW01      Phys.Rev. C25, 2361 (1982)

T.C.Awes, S.Saini, G.Poggi, C.K.Gelbke, D.Cha, R.Legrain, G.D.Westfall

Light Particle Emission in 16O-Induced Reactions at 140, 215, and 310 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 197Au(16O, p), (16O, d), (16O, t), (16O, α), E=140, 215, 310 MeV; 90Zr(16O, p), (16O, d), (16O, t), (16O, α), E=215, 310 MeV; measured σ(θp, Ep), σ(θd, Ed), σ(θt, Et), σ(θα, Eα); deduced emission mechanism. Moving source analysis, precompound, knockout, coalescence models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.25.2361
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1982MU08      Phys.Rev.Lett. 49, 455 (1982)

M.J.Murphy, T.J.M.Symons, G.D.Westfall, H.J.Crawford

Beta-Decay Half-Lives of Isotopes Produced in Projectile Fragmentation

RADIOACTIVITY 22O, 25Ne, 27,28Na, 29,30Mg, 31,32Al [from 9Be(40Ar, X), E=11.4 GeV]; measured β-decay T1/2.

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be(40Ar, X)22O/25Ne/27Na/28Na/29Mg/30Mg/31Al/32Al, E=11.4 GeV; measured σ(fragment) vs mass, Z; deduced projectile fragmentation evidence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.49.455
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1982WE11      Phys.Lett. 116B, 118 (1982)

G.D.Westfall, B.V.Jacak, N.Anantaraman, M.W.Curtin, G.M.Crawley, C.K.Gelbke, B.Hasselquist, W.G.Lynch, D.K.Scott, B.M.Tsang, M.J.Murphy, T.J.M.Symons, R.Legrain, T.J.Majors

Energy Dependence of Nuclear Matter Disassembly in Heavy Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(20Ne, pX), (20Ne, dX), (20Ne, tX), (20Ne, αX), E=100, 156 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(Ep, θp), σ(Ed, θd), σ(Et, θt), σ(Eα, θα); deduced light particle production σ, ratios, temperature, source velocity.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(82)90988-1
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1981AW02      Phys.Lett. 103B, 417 (1981)

T.C.Awes, G.Poggi, S.Saini, C.K.Gelbke, R.Legrain, G.D.Westfall

Trends of Light Particle Spectra Observed in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au, 27Al, 90Zr(16O, p), (16O, d), (16O, t), E=140, 215, 310 MeV; measured σ(θ, Ep), σ(θ, Ed), σ(θ, Et). Moving thermal source analysis.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90073-3
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1980SA09      Phys.Rev. C21, 1321 (1980)

A.Sandoval, H.H.Gutbrod, W.G.Meyer, R.Stock, C.Lukner, A.M.Poskanzer, J.Gosset, J.-C.Jourdain, C.H.King, G.King, Nguyen Van Sen, G.D.Westfall, K.L.Wolf

Spectra of p, d, and t from Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(20Ne, p), (20Ne, d), (20Ne, t), E=0.24, 0.39, 1.04, 2.1 GeV/nucleon; U, Ca(40Ar, p), (40Ar, d), (40Ar, t), Au, Ag, Al(20Ne, p), (20Ne, d), (20Ne, t), U, Al(α, p), (α, d), (α, t), E=390 MeV/nucleon; U, Ca(40Ar, p), (40Ar, d), (40Ar, t), U(α, p), (α, d), (α, t), U(p, p), (p, d), (p, t), E=1.04 GeV/nucleon; measured σ(E, θ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.21.1321
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1979SY01      Phys.Rev.Lett. 42, 40 (1979)

T.J.M.Symons, Y.P.Viyogi, G.D.Westfall, P.Doll, D.E.Greiner, H.Faraggi, P.J.Lindstrom, D.K.Scott, H.J.Crawford, C.McParland

Observation of New Neutron-Rich Isotopes by Fragmentation of 205-MeV/Nucleon 40Ar Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(40Ar, X), E=205 MeV/nucleon; measured σ; deduced production σ for 26,27,28,29,30Na. 30,31Na, 27,28Ne, 31,32,33Mg deduced evidence for particle stability.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.42.40
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1979VI03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 42, 33 (1979)

Y.P.Viyogi, T.J.M.Symons, P.Doll, D.E.Greiner, H.H.Heckman, D.L.Hendrie, P.J.Lindstrom, J.Mahoney, D.K.Scott, K.Van Bibber, G.D.Westfall, H.Wieman, H.J.Crawford, C.McParland, C.K.Gelbke

Fragmentations of 40Ar at 213 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(40Ar, X), E=213 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(E, X). Data consistent with abrasion-ablation models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.42.33
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1979WE05      Phys.Rev. C19, 1309 (1979)

G.D.Westfall, L.W.Wilson, P.J.Lindstrom, H.J.Crawford, D.E.Greiner, H.H.Heckman

Fragmentation of Relativistic 56Fe

NUCLEAR REACTIONS H, Li, Be, C, S, Cu, Ag, Ta, Pb, U(56Fe, X), E=1.88 GeV/nucleon; measured production σ, charge-changing σ, mass-changing σ, Fe-fragmentation σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.19.1309
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1979WE10      Phys.Rev.Lett. 43, 1859 (1979)

G.D.Westfall, T.J.M.Symons, D.E.Greiner, H.H.Heckman, P.J.Lindstrom, J.Mahoney, A.C.Shotter, D.K.Scott, H.J.Crawford, C.McParland, T.C.Awes, C.K.Gelbke, J.M.Kidd

Production of Neutron-Rich Nuclides by Fragmentation of 212 MeV/amu 48Ca

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Be(48Ca, X)22N/26F/33Al/34Al/37Si/38Si/39Si/40P/41P/42P/41S/42S/43S/44S/44Cl/45Cl/21Na/22Na/23Na/24Na/25Na/26Na/27Na/28Na/29Na/30Na/31Na/32Na/33Na/34Na, E=212 MeV/nucleon; measured production σ. Thick target.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.43.1859
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1979WO03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 42, 1448 (1979)

K.L.Wolf, H.H.Gutbrod, W.G.Meyer, A.M.Poskanzer, A.Sandoval, R.Stock, J.Gosset, C.H.King, G.King, Nguyen Van Sen, G.D.Westfall

Pion Production in the 40Ar + 40Ca Reaction at 1.05 GeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40Ca(40Ar, π+), E=1.05 GeV/nucleon; measured production σ. Cascade, thermal model inadequate.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.42.1448
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1978WE04      Phys.Rev. C17, 1368 (1978)

G.D.Westfall, R.G.Sextro, A.M.Poskanzer, A.M.Zebelman, G.W.Butler, E.K.Hyde

Energy Spectra of Nuclear Fragments Produced by High Energy Protons

NUCLEAR REACTIONS C, Al(p, X), E=2.1, 4.9 GeV; Ag, U(p, X), E=4.9 GeV; measured σ(Z, θ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.17.1368
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1977GO07      Phys.Rev. C16, 629 (1977)

J.Gosset, H.H.Gutbrod, W.G.Meyer, A.M.Poskanzer, A.Sandoval, R.Stock, G.D.Westfall

Central Collisions of Relativistic Heavy Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(20Ne, X), E=0.25, 0.4, 2.1 GeV/nucleon; U(α, X), E=400 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(20Ne, X), E=2.1 GeV/nucleon; U(12C, X), E=2.1 GeV/nucleon; measured σ(θ) for proton, light nuclei production.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.16.629
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1976GU13      Phys.Rev.Lett. 37, 667 (1976)

H.H.Gutbrod, A.Sandoval, P.J.Johansen, A.M.Poskanzer, J.Gosset, W.G.Meyer, G.D.Westfall, R.Stock

Final-State Interactions in the Production of Hydrogen and Helium Isotopes by Relativistic Heavy Ions of Uranium

NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(20Ne, X), E=250, 400, 2100 MeV/nucleon; U(α, X), E=400 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(Ep, θ), σ(Ed, θ), σ(Et, θ), σ(E(3He), θ), σ(Eα, θ).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.667
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1976WE21      Phys.Rev. C14, 610 (1976)

G.D.Westfall, S.A.A.Zaidi

Reactions Induced by 13C on 12C, 16O, 28Si, and 32S

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 16O, 28Si, 32S(13C, 13C), E=36 MeV; measured σ(θ); deduced optical parameters. 12C(13C, 9Be), 16O, 28Si, 32S(13C, 12C), 28Si, 32S(13C, 14N), E=36 MeV; measured σ(θ). 17O, 27Al, 31P, 33S levels deduced S.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.14.610
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