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NSR database version of April 11, 2024.

Search: Author = C.K.Gelbke

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2007VE07      Phys.Lett. B 653, 12 (2007)

G.Verde, P.Danielewicz, W.G.Lynch, C.F.Chan, C.K.Gelbke, L.K.Kwong, T.X.Liu, X.D.Liu, D.Seymour, R.Shomin, W.P.Tan, M.B.Tsang, A.Wagner, H.S.Xu, D.A.Brown, B.Davin, Y.Larochelle, R.T.de Souza, R.Yanez, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka

d-α correlation functions and collective motion in Xe+Au collisions at E/A=50 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle spectra, d-α correlation function. Comparison with model results with thermal and collective motion.

doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2007.07.031
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2006GE19      Ann.Rev.Nucl.Part.Sci. 56, 53 (2006)

D.F.Geesaman, C.K.Gelbke, R.V.F.Janssens, B.M.Sherrill

Physics of a Rare Isotope Accelerator

doi: 10.1146/annurev.nucl.55.090704.151604
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004GE12      Prog.Part.Nucl.Phys. 53, 363 (2004)

C.K.Gelbke

Rare isotope research capabilities at the NSCL today and at RIA in the future

doi: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2004.02.027
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004TS01      Phys.Rev.Lett. 92, 062701 (2004)

M.B.Tsang, T.X.Liu, L.Shi, P.Danielewicz, C.K.Gelbke, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, W.P.Tan, G.Verde, A.Wagner, H.S.Xu, W.A.Friedman, L.Beaulieu, B.Davin, R.T.de Souza, Y.Larochelle, T.Lefort, R.Yanez, V.E.Viola, Jr., R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka

Isospin Diffusion and the Nuclear Symmetry Energy in Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(112Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured Z=1-8 fragments isotopic yields; deduced isospin diffusion effects. Transport model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.062701
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2003VE02      Phys.Rev. C 67, 034606 (2003)

G.Verde, P.Danielewicz, D.A.Brown, W.G.Lynch, C.K.Gelbke, M.B.Tsang

Probing transport theories via two-proton source imaging

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Sc(Ar, X), E=80, 120, 160 MeV/nucleon; analyzed two-proton correlation functions; deduced source features, sensitivity to nucleon-nucleon cross sections. Transport model, imaging technique.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.67.034606
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2002DA11      Phys.Rev. C65, 064614 (2002)

B.Davin, R.Alfaro, H.Xu, L.Beaulieu, Y.Larochelle, T.Lefort, R.Yanez, S.Hudan, A.L.Caraley, R.T.de Souza, T.X.Liu, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, R.Shomin, W.P.Tan, M.B.Tsang, A.Vander Molen, A.Wagner, H.F.Xi, C.K.Gelbke, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka

Fragment Production in Noncentral Collisions of Intermediate-Energy Heavy Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 92Mo(114Cd, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment charge and angular correlations, relative velocities; deduced reaction mechanism features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.65.064614
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2002TS02      Phys.Rev. C66, 044618 (2002)

M.B.Tsang, R.Shomin, O.Bjarki, C.K.Gelbke, G.J.Kunde, R.C.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, D.Magestro, R.Popescu, A.M.Vandermolen, G.Verde, G.D.Westfall, H.F.Xi, W.A.Friedman, G.Imme, V.Maddalena, C.Nociforo, G.Raciti, G.Riccobene, F.P.Romano, A.Saija, C.Sfienti, S.Fritz, C.Gross, T.Odeh, C.Schwarz, A.Nadasen, D.Sisan, K.A.G.Rao

Generalized isoscaling of isotopic distributions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=50, 100, 150 MeV; 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35, 70, 100, 120 MeV; measured isotope yield ratios; deduced scaling parameters.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.66.044618
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2002VE04      Phys.Rev. C65, 054609 (2002)

G.Verde, D.A.Brown, P.Danielewicz, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang

Imaging Sources with Fast and Slow Emission Components

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(14N, pX), E=75 MeV/nucleon; calculated two-proton correlation functions vs momentum transfer, total momentum; deduced effects of fast and slow emission components, related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.65.054609
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2002VE11      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 15, 407 (2002)

G.Verde, D.A.Brown, P.Danielewicz, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang

New Approach to Imaging of Two-Proton Source Functions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(14N, 2pX), E=75 MeV/nucleon; analyzed two-proton correlation functions, role of fast and slow emission mechanisms.

doi: 10.1556/APH.15.2002.3-4.23
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2002XU07      Phys.Rev. C65, 061602 (2002)

H.Xu, R.Alfaro, B.Davin, L.Beaulieu, Y.Larochelle, T.Lefort, R.Yanez, S.Hudan, R.T.de Souza, T.X.Liu, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, R.Shomin, W.P.Tan, M.B.Tsang, A.Vander Molen, A.Wagner, H.F.Xi, C.K.Gelbke, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, A.S.Botvina

Fragment Isospin as a Probe of Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 98Mo(114Cd, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments isotopic yields, velocity distributions; deduced source features. Comparison with statistical model results.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.65.061602
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2001TA30      Phys.Rev. C64, 051901 (2001)

W.P.Tan, B.-A.Li, R.Donangelo, C.K.Gelbke, M.-J.van Goethem, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, S.Souza, M.B.Tsang, G.Verde, A.Wagner, H.S.Xu

Fragment Isotope Distributions and the Isospin Dependent Equation of State

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(112Sn, X), 124Sn(124Sn, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; analyzed fragments isotopic yield ratios, connection to asymmetry term in isospin dependent equation of state.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.64.051901
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2001TS06      Phys.Rev.Lett. 86, 5023 (2001)

M.B.Tsang, W.A.Friedman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, G.Verde, H.S.Xu

Isotopic Scaling in Nuclear Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112Sn(112Sn, X), 124Sn(124Sn, X), 116,124Sn(α, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; 197Au, 232Th(16O, X), E=8.6 MeV/nucleon; analyzed fragments isotopic yields; deduced scaling relationship, parameters. Expanding evaporating source model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5023
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2001TS07      Phys.Rev. C64, 041603 (2001)

M.B.Tsang, W.A.Friedman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, G.Verde, H.S.Xu

Conditions for Isoscaling in Nuclear Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112Sn(112Sn, X), 124Sn(124Sn, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; 208Pb, 232Th(16O, X), E=137 MeV; 92,100Mo(14N, X), E=97 MeV; 94Zr, 232Th(22Ne, X), E=173 MeV; 197Au, 232Th(16O, X), E=315 MeV; 116,124Sn(α, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; analyzed fragments isotopic yields; deduced conditions for isoscaling.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.64.041603
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2001TS08      Phys.Rev. C64, 054615 (2001)

M.B.Tsang, C.K.Gelbke, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, W.P.Tan, G.Verde, H.S.Xu, W.A.Friedman, R.Donangelo, S.R.Souza, C.B.Das, S.Das Gupta, D.Zhabinsky

Isoscaling in Statistical Models

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(112Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E*=6 MeV/nucleon; calculated fragment multiplicities, isotopic yield ratios. Statistical multifragmentation models, comparison with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.64.054615
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2001VE02      Nucl.Phys. A681, 299c (2001)

G.Verde, H.S.Xu, T.X.Liu, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, W.P.Tan, M.B.Tsang, A.Vander Molen, A.Wagner, H.F.Xi, C.K.Gelbke, L.Beaulieu, B.Davin, Y.Larochelle, T.Lefort, R.T.de Souza, R.Yanez, V.Viola, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka

Isospin Fractionation in Nuclear Fragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(112Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured light and intermediate fragments isotopic yields; deduced phase transition features.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00531-5
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2000SO16      Phys.Rev. C62, 064607 (2000)

S.R.Souza, W.P.Tan, R.Donangelo, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang

Nuclear Isotope Thermometry

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 112Sn; calculated isotopic yields associated with excited nucleus decay, related thermodynamic features; deduced role of secondary decay, implications for isotope thermometry.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.62.064607
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2000XU05      Phys.Rev.Lett. 85, 716 (2000)

H.S.Xu, M.B.Tsang, T.X.Liu, X.D.Liu, W.G.Lynch, W.P.Tan, A.Vander Molen, G.Verde, A.Wagner, H.F.Xi, C.K.Gelbke, L.Beaulieu, B.Davin, Y.Larochelle, T.Lefort, R.T.de Souza, R.Yanez, V.E.Viola, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka

Isospin Fractionation in Nuclear Multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(112Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured light and intermediate fragments isotopic distributions, relative yields; deduced gass phase isotopic distribution, related reaction mechanism features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.716
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1999GE11      Prog.Part.Nucl.Phys. 42, 91 (1999)

C.K.Gelbke

Space-Time Information from Two-Particle Correlations

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(14N, 2pX), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 45Sc(36Ar, 2pX), E=80, 160 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(129Xe, 2pX), E=31 MeV/nucleon; 165Ho(40Ar, 2nX), E=25 MeV/nucleon; analyzed two-proton, two-neutron correlation functions.

doi: 10.1016/S0146-6410(99)00063-0
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1999LE02      Phys.Lett. 446B, 197 (1999)

R.C.Lemmon, M.B.Tsang, W.Trautmann, R.J.Charity, J.F.Dempsey, J.Dinius, W.Dunnweber, S.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, R.Popescu, R.Ronningen, L.G.Sobotka, L.Weathers, D.White

Direct Observation of the Inversion Flow

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 154Sm(14N, X), (14N, αX), E=35, 100, 155 MeV/nucleon; measured (charged particle)γ-coin, γ-rays circular polarization; deduced sign of mean transverse momentum of non-equilibrium light charged particles. Mean field, nucleon-nucleon collision dynamics.

doi: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01545-7
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1999PH01      Phys.Rev. C60, 054617 (1999)

L.Phair, L.Beaulieu, L.G.Moretto, G.J.Wozniak, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, L.Celano, N.Colonna, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, M.J.Huang, I.Iori, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.V.Margagliotti, P.F.Mastinu, P.M.Milazzo, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, K.Tso, G.Vannini, F.Zhu

Statistical Interpretation of the Correlation between Intermediate Mass Fragment Multiplicity and Transverse Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), E=30, 40, 50, 60 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particles, intermediate mass fragments yields, multiplicities, transverse energies. Comparison with statistical model predictions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.054617
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1998GA33      Phys.Rev. C58, 2161 (1998)

S.J.Gaff, A.Galonsky, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, M.Huang, J.J.Kruse, G.J.Kunde, R.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang, J.Wang, P.D.Zecher, F.Deak, A.Horvath, A.Kiss, Z.Seres, K.Ieki, Y.Iwata

Time Scales from Two-Neutron Intensity Interferometry for the Reaction 40Ar + 165Ho at E/A = 25 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 165Ho(40Ar, X), E=25 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron spectra, coincidence neutron yields; deduced correlation function, source radius, lifetime. Two-neutron intensity interferometry.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.2161
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1998MI18      Phys.Rev. C58, 953 (1998)

P.M.Milazzo, G.Vannini, M.Azzano, D.Fontana, G.V.Margagliotti, P.F.Mastinu, R.Rui, F.Tonetto, N.Colonna, A.Botvina, M.Bruno, M.D'Agostino, M.L.Fiandri, F.Gramegna, I.Iori, A.Moroni, J.D.Dinius, S.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, W.G.Lynch, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, M.B.Tsang, H.Xi

Temperature Measurement of Fragment Emitting Systems in Au + Au 35 MeV/Nucleon Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragments isotopic yields; deduced excitation energy, temperature, caloric curve.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.953
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1998SH04      Phys.Rev. C57, 1508 (1998)

W.Q.Shen, M.B.Tsang, N.Carlin, R.J.Charity, J.Feng, C.K.Gelbke, W.C.Hsi, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, M.-C.Lemaire, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, U.Lynen, Y.G.Ma, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, J.Pochodzalla, H.Sann, C.Schwarz, L.G.Sobotka, R.T.de Souza, S.R.Souza, W.Trautmann, C.Williams

Disappearance of Rotational Flow and Reaction Plane Dispersions in Kr + Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35, 55, 70, 100 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particle σ(θ), dd(θ), tt(θ), αα(θ); deduced rotational flow energy dependence. 4π phoswich detector array.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.1508
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1998XI02      Nucl.Phys. A630, 160c (1998)

H.Xi, M.J.Huang, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang, J.D.Dinius, S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, G.J.Kunde, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, S.Pratt, E.Scannapieco, P.M.Milazzo, M.Azzano, G.V.Margagliotti, R.Rui, G.Vannini, N.Colonna, L.Celano, G.Tagliente, M.D'Agostino, M.Bruno, M.L.Fiandri, F.Gramegna, A.Ferrero, I.Iori, A.Moroni, F.Petruzzelli, P.F.Mastinu, W.A.Friedman

Nuclear Temperature Measurements with Helium Isotopes

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; Cu(Xe, X), E=30 MeV/nucleon; measured H, He isotopes σ(E, θ); deduced reaction temperature features.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(97)00752-5
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1998XI05      Phys.Rev. C58, R2636 (1998)

H.F.Xi, G.J.Kunde, O.Bjarki, C.K.Gelbke, R.C.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, D.Magestro, R.Popescu, R.Shomin, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vandermolen, G.D.Westfall, G.Imme, V.Maddalena, C.Nociforo, G.Raciti, G.Riccobene, F.P.Romano, A.Saija, C.Sfienti, S.Fritz, C.Gross, T.Odeh, C.Schwarz, A.Nadasen, D.Sisan, K.A.G.Rao

Dynamical Emission and Isotope Thermometry

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35, 70, 100, 120 MeV/nucleon; measured light, intermediate fragments yields, correlation functions; deduced apparent temperature for emission. Several methods compared.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.R2636
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1997HU03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 1648 (1997)

M.J.Huang, H.Xi, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang, J.D.Dinius, S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, G.J.Kunde, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, E.Scannapieco, P.M.Milazzo, M.Azzano, G.V.Margagliotti, R.Rui, G.Vannini, N.Colonna, L.Celano, G.Tagliente, M.D'Agostino, M.Bruno, M.L.Fiandri, F.Gramegna, A.Ferrero, I.Iori, A.Moroni, F.Petruzzelli, P.F.Mastinu, and the Miniball/Multics Collaboration

Temperature Measurements for Central Au + Au Collisions at 35A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured relative populations of 6Li, α, 10B nuclei excited states; deduced central collisions associated breakup temperatures.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1648
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1997KU02      Phys.Rev. C55, R990 (1997)

G.J.Kunde, S.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, M.J.Huang, R.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, L.Martin, R.Popescu, M.B.Tsang, J.Dempsey, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, D.K.Agnihotri, B.Djerroud, W.U.Schroder, W.Skulski, J.Toke, K.Wyrozebski, D.Ruess

Azimuthal 2α Correlations and Projectile-Residue Distributions Selected by Neutron and Charged-Particle Multiplicity Measurements

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112Sn(112Sn, X), 124Sn(124Sn, X), E=40 MeV/nucleon; measured αα-azimuthal correlation function, projectilelike fragments charge distribution, neutron, charged particle multiplicities; deduced impact parameter selectivity related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.R990
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1997TS02      Phys.Rev. C55, R557 (1997)

M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, M.J.Huang, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, G.J.Kunde, M.A.Lisa, G.F.Peaslee, A.Botvina, M.-C.Lemaire, S.R.Souza, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, C.Schwarz, U.Lynen, J.Pochodzalla, H.Sann, W.Trautmann, D.Fox, R.T.de Souza, N.Carlin

Fragment Multiplicity Dependent Charge Distributions in Heavy Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35-400 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment element distributions dependence on the multiplicity of detected fragments.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.R557
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1997WI06      Phys.Rev. C55, R2132 (1997); Comment Phys.Rev. C59, 550 (1999)

C.Williams, W.G.Lynch, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, W.C.Hsi, M.J.Huang, D.R.Bowman, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, D.O.Handzy, G.J.Kunde, M.A.Lisa, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, A.Botvina, M.-C.Lemaire, S.R.Souza, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, U.Lynen, J.Pochodzalla, H.Sann, W.Trautmann, D.Fox, R.T.de Souza, N.Carlin

Fragment Distributions for Highly Charged Systems

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(Kr, X), E=35, 55, 70, 100, 200, 400 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment charge distributions, mean transverse energy < E(t) >, rotational energy; deduced radial expansion velocities. Statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.R2132
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1996CO22      Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 4508 (1996)

E.W.Cornell, T.M.Hamilton, D.Fox, Y.Lou, R.T.de Souza, M.J.Huang, W.C.Hsi, C.Schwarz, C.Williams, D.R.Bowman, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, W.A.Friedman

Investigating the Evolution of Multifragmenting Systems with Fragment Emission Order

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=70 MeV/nucleon; measured Be, C fragments correlated, uncorrelated yields vs difference velocity distribution; deduced thermally decaying source cooling evidence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.4508
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1996DA07      Phys.Lett. 368B, 259 (1996)

M.D'Agostino, P.F.Mastinu, P.M.Milazzo, M.Bruno, D.R.Bowman, P.Buttazzo, L.Celano, N.Colonna, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, M.L.Fiandri, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, I.Iori, G.J.Kunde, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, G.V.Margagliotti, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, F.Petruzzelli, L.Phair, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, G.Vannini, C.Williams, and the Multics/Miniball Collaboration

Multifragment Production in Au + Au at 35 MeV/u

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment emission velocities vs θ, Z=4-10, two-fragment correlation; deduced emission mechanism for central collisions. Many-body trajectories.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)01473-X
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1996DA17      Phys.Lett. 371B, 175 (1996)

M.D'Agostino, A.S.Botvina, P.M.Milazzo, M.Bruno, G.J.Kunde, D.R.Bowman, L.Celano, N.Colonna, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, M.L.Fiandri, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, I.Iori, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, G.V.Margagliotti, P.F.Mastinu, I.N.Mishustin, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, F.Petruzzelli, L.Phair, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, G.Vannini, C.Williams

Statistical Multifragmentation in Central Au + Au Collisions at 35 MeV/u

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment charge distribution, kinetic energy per nucleon vs Z, two-fragment correlation function. Statistical multi-fragmentation model analysis.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(96)00008-1
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1996DE44      Phys.Rev. C54, 1710 (1996)

J.F.Dempsey, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, G.J.Kunde, S.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, M.J.Huang, R.C.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, L.Martin, M.B.Tsang, D.K.Agnihotri, B.Djerroud, W.U.Schroder, W.Skulski, J.Toke, W.A.Friedman

Isospin Dependence of Intermediate Mass Fragment Production in Heavy-Ion Collisions at E/A = 55 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 124Xe, 136Xe(112Sn, X), (124Sn, X), E=55 MeV/nucleon; measured 6He to 3,4He, Li, t, 3He relative yield vs projectilelike fragment Z, intermediate mass fragment number vs projectilelike fragment Z, other aspects; deduced intermediate mass fragment production isospin dependence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.54.1710
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1996FE01      Phys.Rev. C53, R5 (1996)

A.Ferrero, I.Iori, A.Moroni, F.Petruzzelli, R.Scardaoni, L.G.Moretto, D.R.Bowman, M.Bruno, P.Buttazzo, L.Celano, N.Colonna, M.D'Agostino, J.D.Dinius, M.L.Fiandri, E.Fuschini, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, G.J.Kunde, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, P.F.Mastinu, P.M.Milazzo, G.V.Margagliotti, C.P.Montoya, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, G.Vannini, C.Williams

Reducibility and a New Entropic Term in Multifragment Charge Distributions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, 197Au(Xe, X), E=30 MeV/nucleon; measured charge distributions vs fragment multiplicity; deduced thermal scaling, reducibility features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.R5
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1996HA12      Phys.Rev. C53, 2273 (1996)

T.M.Hamilton, E.Cornell, D.Fox, Y.Lou, R.T.de Souza, M.J.Huang, W.C.Hsi, C.Schwarz, C.Williams, D.R.Bowman, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, A.A.Sonzogni, D.Prindle

Changing Source Characteristics During Multifragment Decay

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35, 55, 70 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle multiplicities, (fragment)(fragment)-correlation, fragment velocities, σ (fragment E, theta); deduced spatial-temporal extent of the emitting source, dependence on fragment velocities.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2273
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1996HU10      Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 3739 (1996)

M.J.Huang, R.C.Lemmon, F.Daffin, W.G.Lynch, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, P.Danielewicz, K.Haglin, W.Bauer, N.Carlin, R.J.Charity, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.C.Hsi, G.J.Kunde, M.-C.Lemaire, M.A.Lisa, U.Lynen, G.F.Peaslee, J.Pochodzalla, H.Sann, L.G.Sobotka, S.R.Souza, W.Trautmann

Mass Dependence of Directed Collective FLow

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=200 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment collective sidewards flow per nucleon mass dependence; deduced momentum dependent nuclear mean field evidence. BUU model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3739
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1996KU23      Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 2897 (1996)

G.J.Kunde, S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, M.J.Huang, R.Lemmon, W.G.Lynch, L.Manduci, L.Martin, M.B.Tsang, W.A.Friedman, J.Dempsey, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, D.K.Agnihotri, B.Djerroud, W.U.Schroder, W.Skulski, J.Toke, K.Wyrozebski

Multifragment Production in Reactions of 112Sn + 112Sn and 124Sn + 124Sn at E/A = 40 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,124Sn(124Sn, X), E=40 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle, neutron, intermediate mass fragment multiplicities; deduced fragment emission mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.2897
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1996LO06      Nucl.Phys. A604, 219 (1996)

Y.Lou, R.T.de Souza, S.L.Chen, E.W.Cornell, B.Davin, D.Fox, T.M.Hamilton, K.Mcdonald, M.B.Tsang, T.Glasmacher, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, W.G.Lynch, C.Montoya, C.Schwarz, D.Prindle, A.A.Sonzogni, R.Vandenbosch, J.L.Wile, M.Parker, D.L.Coffing

Fragment Emission from Modestly Excited Nuclear Systems

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(14N, X), E=100-156 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment) correlations, emission patterns; deduced emission time scale. Statistical decay model.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(96)00106-6
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1996MA26      Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2646 (1996)

P.F.Mastinu, M.Belkacem, M.D'Agostino, M.Bruno, P.M.Milazzo, G.Vannini, D.R.Bowman, N.Colonna, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, M.L.Fiandri, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, I.Iori, G.J.Kunde, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.V.Margagliotti, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, F.Petruzzelli, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, V.Latora, A.Bonasera, and the Multics-Miniball Collaboration

Circumstantial Evidence for Critical Behavior in Peripheral Au + Au Collisions at 35 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment charge, multiplicity distributions; deduced circumstantial evidence for critical behavior.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.2646
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1996MA33      Nucl.Phys. A604, 69 (1996)

L.Martin, C.K.Gelbke, B.Erazmus, R.Lednicky

Influence of the Emitter Coulomb Field on Two-Proton Correlation Functions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; analyzed 2p-correlation function data; deduced dynamical correlations role, static source assumption limitations.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(96)00113-3
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1996MO02      Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 372 (1996)

L.G.Moretto, L.Phair, R.Ghetti, K.Tso, N.Colonna, W.Skulski, G.J.Wozniak, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, M.Chartier, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, W.C.Hsi, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, C.Schwarz, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Phase Coexistence in Multifragmentation ( Question )

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=110 MeV/nucleon; analyzed charge distributions data; deduced multi-fragmentation phase coexistence related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.372
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1996MO18      Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 2634 (1996)

L.G.Moretto, Th.Rubehn, L.Phair, N.Colonna, G.J.Wozniak, D.R.Bowman, G.F.Peaslee, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, C.Williams

Charge Correlations and Dynamical Instabilities in the Multifragment Emission Process

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(Xe, X), E at 50 MeV/nucleon; measured multi-fragmentation associated higher order charge correlations; deduced no evidence for preferred breakup into equal-sized fragments.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.2634
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1996PH03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 822 (1996)

L.Phair, L.G.Moretto, G.J.Wozniak, R.T.de Souza, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Reducibility and Thermal and Mass Scaling in Angular Correlations from Multifragmentation Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; analyzed light charged particle azimuthal correlations data; deduced reducibility, thermal, mass scaling related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.822
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1996PO09      Phys.Rev. C54, 796 (1996)

R.Popescu, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher

Many-Body Coulomb Perturbation of Azimuthal α-α Correlations

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.54.796
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1996SC27      Nucl.Phys. A607, 457 (1996)

A.Schuttauf, W.D.Kunze, A.Worner, M.Begemann-Blaich, Th.Blaich, D.R.Bowman, R.J.Charity, A.Cosmo, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, C.Gross, W.C.Hsi, J.Hubele, G.Imme, I.Iori, J.Kempter, P.Kreutz, G.J.Kunde, V.Lindenstruth, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, U.Lynen, M.Mang, T.Mohlenkamp, A.Moroni, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, G.F.Peaslee, J.Pochodzalla, G.Raciti, F.Rosenberger, Th.Rubehn, H.Sann, C.Schwarz, W.Seidel, V.Serfling, L.G.Sobotka, J.Stroth, L.Stuttge, S.Tomasevic, W.Trautmann, A.Trzcinski, M.B.Tsang, A.Tucholski, G.Verde, C.W.Williams, E.Zude, B.Zwieglinski

Universality of Spectator Fragmentation at Relativistic Bombarding Energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be, C, 27Al, Cu, In, 197Au, U(129Xe, X), (197Au, X), (238U, X), E=400, 500, 800, 1000 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment production σ, charge, charge asymmetries, correlations. Intranuclear cascade, statistical multifragmentation models analysis.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(96)00239-4
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1996SO01      Phys.Rev. C53, 243 (1996)

A.A.Sonzogni, A.Elmaani, C.Hyde-Wright, W.Jiang, D.Prindle, R.Vandenbosch, J.Dinius, G.Cron, D.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.Hsi, W.G.Lynch, C.Montoya, G.Peaslee, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, R.DeSouza, D.Fox, T.Moore

Evaporation Residue, Fission Cross Sections, and Linear Momentum Transfer for 14N Induced Reactions from 35A to 155A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 154Sm, 197Au(14N, X), (14N, F), E=35-155 MeV/nucleon; 159Tb(14N, X), (14N, F), E=35-100 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(evaporation residue θ), fission fragment σ(θ); deduced fusion σ(E). 181Ta(16O, F), E=25 MeV/nucleon; 181Ta(14N, F), E=35-100 MeV/nucleon; measured fission fragment folding angle distributions; deduced preequilibrium particle emission role.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.243
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1996TS01      Phys.Rev. C53, R1057 (1996)

M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu, W.G.Lynch, A.Aranda, D.R.Bowman, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, L.Phair, S.Pratt, C.Williams, H.M.Xu, W.A.Friedman

Cross Comparisons of Nuclear Temperatures Determined from Excited State Populations and Isotope Yields

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured 7,8Li, 3,4He isotope yields, other aspects; deduced temperatures.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.R1057
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1996TS02      Phys.Rev. C53, 1959 (1996)

M.B.Tsang, P.Danielewicz, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, W.G.Lynch, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, M.A.Lisa, G.F.Peaslee, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, M.L.Begemann-Blaich, F.Cosmo, A.Ferrero, J.Hubele, G.Imme, I.Iori, J.Kempter, P.Kreutz, G.J.Kunde, W.D.Kunze, V.Lindenstruth, U.Lynen, M.Mang, A.Moroni, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, J.Pochodzalla, G.Raciti, F.Rosenberger, T.Rubehn, H.Sann, R.Scardaoni, A.Schuttauf, C.Schwarz, W.Seidel, V.Serfling, W.Trautmann, A.Tucholski, A.Worner, B.Zwieglinski, and the ALADIN Collaboration

Squeeze-Out of Nuclear Matter in Au + Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=100, 250, 400 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θ, φ), squeeze-out ratio vs reduced impact parameter; deduced out-of-plane to in-plane enhancement. BUU transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.53.1959
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1995BO21      Phys.Rev. C52, 818 (1995)

D.R.Bowman, N.Colonna, W.A.Friedman, L.Celano, M.D'Agostino, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, I.Iori, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.V.Margagliotti, P.M.Milazzo, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, F.Petruzzelli, R.Scardaoni, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams

Space-Time Characteristics of Fragment Emission in the E/A = 30 MeV 129Xe + (nat)Cu Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(129Xe, X), E=30 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicities, reduced velocity correlation functions, emission velocities; deduced fragment emission space-time characteristics. Three-body trajectory calculations, dynamical BNV code based statistical models analyses.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.818
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1995CH58      Phys.Rev. C52, 3126 (1995)

R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, N.J.Robertson, D.G.Sarantites, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, M.J.Huang, W.G.Lynch, C.P.Montoya, G.F.Peaslee, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang

Prompt and Sequential Decay Processes in the Fragmentation of 40 MeV/Nucleon 20Ne Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 120Sn, 197Au(20Ne, X), E=40 MeV/nucleon; measured projectile breakup, p, d, t, 3,4,6He, 6,7Li velocity distribution centroids, correlation functions; deduced breakup time scale.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.3126
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1995CO21      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 1475 (1995)

E.Cornell, T.M.Hamilton, D.Fox, Y.Lou, R.T.de Souza, M.J.Huang, W.C.Hsi, C.Schwarz, C.Williams, D.R.Bowman, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, W.A.Friedman

Assessing the Evolutionary Nature of Multifragment Decay

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35-70 MeV/nucleon; analyzed (fragment)(fragment) velocity correlation, velocity relationship; deduced source characteristics evolution as fragments are emitted. Statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.1475
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1995DA23      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 4373 (1995)

M.D'Agostino, G.J.Kunde, P.M.Milazzo, J.D.Dinius, M.Bruno, N.Colonna, M.L.Fiandri, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, M.Huang, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, P.F.Mastinu, C.P.Montoya, A.Moroni, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, R.Rui, C.Schwarz, M.B.Tsang, G.Vannini, C.Williams

Multifragmentation in E/A = 35 MeV Collisions: Evidence for a Coulomb driven breakup ( Question )

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment velocity distributions, efficiency corrected relative elemental probability distribution; deduced mean fragment multiplicities, emission mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.4373
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1995DE24      Phys.Rev. C52, 219 (1995)

F.Deak, A.Horvath, A.Kiss, Z.Seres, A.Galonsky, C.K.Gelbke, H.Hama, L.Heilbronn, D.Krofcheck, W.G.Lynch, D.W.Sackett, H.R.Schelin, M.B.Tsang, J.Kasagi, T.Murakami

Internal Excitation of Intermediate Mass Fragments from Collisions of 36Ar + Ag Nuclei at 35 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragments (Li-Mg) population ratios.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.219
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1995GA30      Phys.Rev. C52, 2782 (1995)

S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, T.Glasmacher, E.Gualtieri, K.Haglin, D.O.Handzy, S.Hannuschke, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, R.Lacey, W.G.Lynch, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, R.Pak, S.Pratt, N.Stone, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Two-Proton Correlations for 16O + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 200 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(16O, X), E=200 MeV/nucleon; measured 2p correlation functions. Intensity interferometry. BUU transport theory.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.2782
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1995GL03      Phys.Rev. C51, 3489 (1995)

T.Glasmacher, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Space-Time Ambiguity of Two- and Three-Fragment Reduced-Velocity Correlation Functions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment reduced velocity correlation functions; deduced source radius, source lifetime.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.3489
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1995HA04      Phys.Rev. C51, 2237 (1995)

D.O.Handzy, S.J.Gaff, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, C.K.Gelbke, G.J.Kunde

Probing Toroidal Density Distributions with Two-Proton Correlation Functions ( Question )

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; calculated 2p-correlation function vs momentum transfer. Koonin-Pratt formalism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.2237
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1995HA32      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 2916 (1995)

D.O.Handzy, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, S.J.Gaff, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, M.J.Huang, G.J.Kunde, R.Lacey, T.Li, M.A.Lisa, W.J.Llope, W.G.Lynch, L.Martin, C.P.Montoya, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, S.Pratt, C.Schwarz, N.Stone, M.B.Tsang, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Understanding Proton Emission in Central Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80-160 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θ, Ep), pp-correlation function, central collisions; deduced proton emission from particle-unstable states possibility. BUU transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.2916
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1995KU10      Phys.Rev.Lett. 74, 38 (1995)

G.J.Kunde, W.C.Hsi, W.D.Kunze, A.Schuttauf, A.Worner, M.Begemann-Blaich, Th.Blaich, D.R.Bowman, R.J.Charity, A.Cosmo, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, J.Hubele, G.Imme, I.Iori, P.Kreutz, V.Lindenstruth, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, U.Lynen, M.Mang, T.Mohlenkamp, A.Moroni, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, G.F.Peaslee, J.Pochodzalla, G.Raciti, T.Rubehn, H.Sann, W.Seidel, V.Serfling, L.G.Sobotka, J.Stroth, L.Stuttge, S.Tomasevic, W.Trautmann, M.B.Tsang, A.Tucholski, G.Verde, C.W.Williams, E.Zude, B.Zwieglinski

Fragment Flow and the Multifragmentation Phase Space

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=100, 1000 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicity, Z=3-30; deduced central to peripheral collisions shift evidence, other energy dependent features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.38
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1995MO07      Nucl.Phys. A583, 531c (1995)

A.Moroni, D.R.Bowman, M.Bruno, P.Buttazzo, L.Celano, N.Colonna, M.D'Agostino, J.D.Dinius, A.Ferrero, M.L.Fiandri, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, F.Gramegna, D.O.Handzy, D.Horn, W.-C.Hsi, M.Huang, I.Iori, M.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.V.Margagliotti, P.F.Mastinu, P.M.Milazzo, C.Montoya, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, F.Petruzzelli, R.Rui, R.Scardaoni, C.Schwarz, B.Tsang, G.Vannini, C.Williams

Multifragment Emission Times in Xe Induced Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(129Xe, X), E=30, 45 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicities. Statistical decay model analysis.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00715-Y
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1995MO09      Phys.Rev.Lett. 74, 1530 (1995)

L.G.Moretto, L.Phair, K.Tso, K.Jing, G.J.Wozniak, R.T.de Souza, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Are Multifragment Emission Probabilities Reducible to an Elementary Binary Emission Probability

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=80, 110 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment distribution multiplicity; deduced emission probability characteristics, consequences.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.1530
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1995PH03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 75, 213 (1995)

L.Phair, K.Tso, R.Ghetti, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto, R.T.de Souza, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Reducibility and Thermal Scaling of Charge Distributions in Multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=110 MeV/nucleon; calculated multi-fragmentation charge distribution; deduced reducibility, thermal scaling.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.213
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1995PO06      Nucl.Phys. A583, 553c (1995)

J.Pochodzalla, S.Aiello, M.Begemann-Blaich, Th.Blaich, D.R.Bowman, R.J.Charity, A.Cosmo, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, W.C.Hsi, J.Hubele, G.Imme, I.Iori, J.Kempter, P.Kreutz, G.J.Kunde, W.D.Kunze, V.Lindenstruth, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, U.Lynen, M.Mang, L.G.Moretto, A.Moroni, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, V.Pappalardo, G.F.Peaslee, G.Raciti, F.Rosenberger, T.Rubehn, H.Sann, R.Scardaoni, A.Schuttauf, W.Seidel, V.Serfling, L.G.Sobotka, J.Stroth, L.Stuttge, W.Trautmann, M.B.Tsang, A.Tucholski, C.W.Williams, A.Worner, E.Zude, B.Zwieglinski

Multifragmentation and Flow: Peripheral vs. central collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=400-1000 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicity; deduced spectator decay features.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00719-4
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1995TS03      Phys.Lett. 361B, 25 (1995)

K.Tso, L.Phair, N.Colonna, W.Skulski, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto, D.R.Bowman, M.Chartier, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, W.C.Hsi, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, C.Schwarz, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Evidence for the Reducibility of Multifragment Emission to an Elementary Binary Emission in Xe-Induced Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, 89Y, 165Ho, 197Au(129Xe, X), E=40-60 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment emission probability vs transversal energy.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)01137-F
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1995ZH17      Phys.Rev. C52, 784 (1995)

F.Zhu, W.G.Lynch, D.R.Bowman, R.T.de SOuza, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, H.M.Xu

Impact Parameter Selected Excited State Populations for 36Ar + 197Au Reactions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ, E) for X=4He, 6Li, 7Be, 10Be; deduced impact parameter selected excited states population related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.784
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1994CH10      Phys.Lett. 323B, 113 (1994)

R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, G.Van Buren, F.A.Tibbals, J.Barreto, D.R.Bowman, M.Chartier, J.Dinius, D.Fox, C.K.Gelbke, D.O.Handzy, W.C.Hsi, P.F.Hua, A.S.Kirov, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, D.G.Sarantites, C.Schwarz, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams

Time Scale for Proton Emission from Highly Excited Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(24Mg, X), E=60 MeV/nucleon; measured projectile breakup light charged particle velocity distribution centroids; deduced proton emission time scale.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90278-X
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1994FO11      Phys.Rev. C50, 2424 (1994)

D.Fox, R.T.de Souza, T.Glasmacher, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Time Scale for Multifragmentation in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35-110 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment) correlation vs Z1, Z2, σ(fragment E, θ), other aspects; deduced multi-fragmentation time scale features. Microcanonical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.2424
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1994GL04      Phys.Rev. C50, 952 (1994)

T.Glasmacher, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Two-Fragment Correlation Functions with Directional Cuts for Central 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 50 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)-velocity correlation; deduced source lifetime, size. Many-body trajectory calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.952
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1994HA29      Phys.Rev. C50, 858 (1994)

D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, F.C.Daffin, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, C.M.Mader, G.F.Peaslee, T.Reposeur, S.Pratt, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Two-Proton Correlation Functions for 36Ar + 45Sc at E/A = 80 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured 2p-correlation functions. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.50.858
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1994HO02      Phys.Rev. C49, 1012 (1994)

A.Horvath, F.Deak, A.Kiss, Z.Seres, A.Galonsky, C.K.Gelbke, H.Hama, L.Heilbronn, D.Krofcheck, W.G.Lynch, D.W.Sackett, H.R.Schelin, M.B.Tsang, J.Kasagi, T.Murakami

Fragment Isotope Spectra from the 36Ar + Ag Reaction at 35 MeV/nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured inclusive fragment σ(E, θ); deduced total fragment production σ charge, mass dependence.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.1012
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1994HS03      Phys.Rev.Lett. 73, 3367 (1994)

W.C.Hsi, G.J.Kunde, J.Pochodzalla, W.G.Lynch, M.B.Tsang, M.L.Begemann-Blaich, D.R.Bowman, R.J.Charity, F.Cosmo, A.Ferrero, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, T.Hofmann, G.Imme, I.Iori, J.Hubele, J.Kempter, P.Kreutz, W.D.Kunze, V.Lindenstruth, M.A.Lisa, U.Lynen, M.Mang, A.Moroni, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, G.F.Peaslee, G.Raciti, F.Rosenberger, H.Sann, R.Scardaoni, A.Schuttauf, C.Schwarz, W.Seidel, V.Serfling, L.G.Sobotka, L.Stuttge, S.Tomasevic, W.Trautmann, A.Tucholski, C.Williams, A.Worner, B.Zwieglinski

Collective Expansion in Central Au + Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=100 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragments energy spectra; deduced collective expansion per nucleon for each charge. Central collisions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.73.3367
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1994LI19      Phys.Rev. C49, 2788 (1994)

M.A.Lisa, W.G.Gong, C.K.Gelbke, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, G.Poggi, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, K.Kwiatkowski, V.E.Viola, Jr., S.J.Yennello

Proton Evaporation Time Scales from Longitudinal and Transverse Two-Proton Correlation Functions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(129Xe, X), E=31 MeV/nucleon; analyzed pp-correlations data; deduced evidence for emission from long-lived composite system.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.2788
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1994MO34      Phys.Rev.Lett. 73, 3070 (1994)

C.P.Montoya, W.G.Lynch, D.R.Bowman, G.F.Peaslee, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, J.B.Webster, C.Williams, N.Colonna, K.Hanold, M.A.McMahan, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto

Fragmentation of Necklike Structures

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(129Xe, X), E=49.8 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment yield vs velocity; deduced necklike structure role in emission.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.73.3070
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1994PE06      Phys.Rev. C49, R2271 (1994)

G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, C.Schwarz, M.J.Huang, W.S.Huang, W.C.Hsi, C.Williams, W.Bauer, D.R.Bowman, M.Chartier, J.Dinius, C.K.Gelbke, T.Glasmacher, D.O.Handzy, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, C.M.Mader, L.Phair, M.-C.Lemaire, S.R.Souza, G.Van Buren, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, G.J.Kunde, U.Lynen, J.Pochodzalla, H.Sann, W.Trautmann, D.Fox, R.T.de Souza, G.Peilert, W.A.Friedman, N.Carlin

Energy Dependence of Multifragmentation in 84Kr + 197Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(84Kr, X), E=35, 55, 70, 100, 200, 400 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment, total charged particle multiplicities; deduced multi-fragmentation energy dependence. QMD model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.R2271
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1994SC15      Phys.Rev. C49, 3316 (1994)

C.Schwarz, W.G.Gong, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, G.Poggi, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, K.Kwiatkowski, V.E.Viola, S.J.Yennello

Anomalous Populations of Particle-Unbound States in 10B

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 197Au(14N, X), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 122Sn, 27Al(129Xe, X), E=31 MeV/nucleon; measured B fragments inclusive yields, (9Be)(p)-correlation functions. 10B deduced particle unstable states relative populations. Statistical calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.3316
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1993BA10      Nucl.Phys. A553, 749c (1993)

W.Bauer, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, N.Colonna, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, K.Hanold, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, M.A.McMahan, L.G.Moretto, G.F.Peaslee, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, G.J.Wozniak, F.Zhu

Multifragment Emission in 36Ar + 197Au and 129Xe + 197Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50-110 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragments number, charged particle multiplicity. Model analysis.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(93)90692-Q
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1993BO16      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 3534 (1993)

D.R.Bowman, G.F.Peaslee, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, N.Colonna, K.Hanold, M.A.McMahan, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto

Sources and Emission Time Scales in E/A = 50 MeV 129Xe + (nat)Cu Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)(θ), velocity distributions; deduced source features, emission times.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3534
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1993DE06      Phys.Lett. 300B, 29 (1993)

R.T.de Souza, D.Fox, W.A.Friedman, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Expansion Effects in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50-110 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle multiplicity; deduced source expansion role during emission.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(93)90743-2
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1993FO01      Phys.Rev. C47, R421 (1993); Erratum Phys.Rev. C48, 3135 (1993)

D.Fox, R.T.de Souza, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Extraction of the Multifragmentation Time Scale in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50-110 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle multiplicity, intermediate mass fragment correlation; deduced multi-fragmentation time scale.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.47.R421
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1993GO01      Phys.Rev. C47, R429 (1993)

W.G.Gong, P.Danielewicz, C.K.Gelbke, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, G.Poggi, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, S.Pratt, K.Kwiatkowski, V.E.Viola, Jr., S.J.Yennello, J.C.Shillcock

Two-Deuteron Correlation Functions in 14N + 27Al Collisions at E/A = 75 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(14N, X), E=75 MeV/nucleon; measured dd-, pp-correlation functions; deduced ejectile time span differences. Microscopic transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.47.R429
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1993KU06      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 2545 (1993)

G.J.Kunde, J.Pochodzalla, E.Berdermann, B.Berthier, C.Cerruti, C.K.Gelbke, J.Hubele, P.Kreutz, S.Leray, R.Lucas, U.Lynen, U.Milkau, C.Ngo, C.H.Pinkenburg, G.Raciti, H.Sann, W.Trautmann

Proton-Proton Correlations in 40Ar + 197Au Reactions and the Role of the Two-Particle Phase Space

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(40Ar, X), E=200 MeV/nucleon; measured pp-correlation vs momentum; deduced two-particle density role. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck, quantum molecular dynamics models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.2545
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1993LI16      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 3709 (1993)

M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, C.M.Mader, G.F.Peaslee, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Impact-Parameter-Selected Two-Proton Intensity Interferometry for 36Ar + 45Sc at E/A = 80 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured (pp)(θ) vs momentum. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck theory.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3709
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1993LI37      Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 2863 (1993)

M.A.Lisa, C.K.Gelbke, P.Decowski, W.G.Gong, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, T.Li, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, S.Pratt, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Observation of Lifetime Effects in Two-Proton Correlations for Well-Characterized Sources

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(36Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured pp-longitudinal, transverse correlation functions; deduced emitting source characteristic T1/2, other features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.2863
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1993PH01      Nucl.Phys. A564, 453 (1993)

L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, F.Zhu, N.Colonna, K.Hanold, M.A.McMahan, G.J.Wozniak

Azimuthal Correlations as a Test for Centrality in Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35-110 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured (particle)(particle)(φ); deduced central collisions selectivity features.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(93)90515-Y
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1993SC04      Nucl.Sci.Eng. 113, 184 (1993)

H.R.Schelin, A.Galonsky, C.K.Gelbke, H.Hama, L.Heilbronn, D.Krofcheck, W.G.Lynch, D.Sackett, M.B.Tsang, X.Yang, F.Deak, A.Horvath, A.Kiss, Z.Seres, J.Kasagi, T.Murakami

Neutron Production in Heavy-Ion Reactions at 35 and 50 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(14N, xn), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured neutron spectra. Moving source model analysis.

doi: 10.13182/NSE93-A24007
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1993SC21      Phys.Rev. C48, 676 (1993)

C.Schwarz, W.G.Gong, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, G.Poggi, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, D.E.Fields, K.Kwiatkowski, V.E.Viola, Jr., S.J.Yennello

Emission Temperatures from Widely Separated States in 14N- and 129Xe-Induced Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 197Au(14N, X), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 27Al, 122Sn(129Xe, X), E=31 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particle relative momentum correlation functions, inclusive σ(fragment θ, E) for α, 6Li, 7Be; deduced nuclear temperatures of 4He, 5Li, and 8Be.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.48.676
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1993TS01      Phys.Rev. C47, 2717 (1993)

M.B.Tsang, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, P.Danielewicz, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, R.T.de Souza, F.Zhu

Multiplicity Dependence of Azimuthal Distributions for 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle azimuthal multiplicity, anisotropy; deduced scaling. Coalescence model, Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck theory.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.47.2717
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1993TS02      Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 1502 (1993)

M.B.Tsang, W.C.Hsi, W.G.Lynch, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, M.A.Lisa, G.F.Peaslee, G.J.Kunde, M.L.Begemann-Blaich, T.Hofmann, J.Hubele, J.Kempter, P.Kreutz, W.D.Kunze, V.Lindenstruth, U.Lynen, M.Mang, W.F.J.Muller, M.Neumann, B.Ocker, C.A.Ogilvie, J.Pochodzalla, F.Rosenberger, H.Sann, A.Schuttauf, V.Serfling, J.Stroth, W.Trautmann, A.Tucholski, A.Worner, E.Zude, B.Zwieglinski, S.Aiello, G.Imme, V.Pappalardo, G.Raciti, R.J.Charity, L.G.Sobotka, I.Iori, A.Moroni, R.Scardoni, A.Ferrero, W.Seidel, Th.Blaich, L.Stuttge, A.Cosmo, W.A.Friedman, G.Peilert

Onset of Nuclear Vaporization in 197Au + 197Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E ≤ 400 MeV/nucleon; measured average intermediate fragment, charged particle multiplicities correlation; deduced vaporization onset features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1502
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1992BO29      Phys.Rev. C46, 1834 (1992)

D.R.Bowman, C.M.Mader, G.F.Peaslee, W.Bauer, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, N.Colonna, K.Hanold, M.A.McMahan, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto, W.A.Friedman

Intermediate Mass Fragment Emission as a Probe of Nuclear Dynamics

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 27Al, 51V, Cu, 89Y, 197Au(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment muliplicity, charge distribution; deduced correlation with charged particle multiplicity, target independence. Hybrid model, dynamical emission aspects.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.46.1834
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1992KI02      Phys.Rev. C45, 338 (1992)

Y.D.Kim, R.T.de Souza, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Intermediate Mass Fragment Emission in 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)(θ), energy spectra, multiplicity distributions; deduced intermediate mass fragments time scales.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.45.338
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1992NA01      Phys.Rev. C45, 132 (1992)

T.K.Nayak, T.Murakami, W.G.Lynch, K.Swartz, D.J.Fields, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, J.Pochodzalla, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, F.Zhu, K.Kwiatkowski

Emission Temperatures from the Decay of Particle Unstable Complex Nuclei

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(14N, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ, E) for X=Li, Be, B, C, N, O isotopes; deduced emission temperatures. Statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.45.132
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1992PH02      Phys.Lett. 291B, 7 (1992)

L.Phair, M.A.Lisa, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, H.Schulz, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Fluctuations in Multifragment Decays

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35-110 MeV/nucleon; analyzed charged particle distributions; deduced inconsistency with intermittency signals assumption.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(92)90111-G
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1992PH03      Nucl.Phys. A548, 489 (1992)

L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, R.T.de Souza, M.B.Tsang, F.Zhu

Impact-Parameter Filters for 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 50, 80 and 110 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=50-110 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle multiplicity, transverse energy, intermediate rapidity charge correlations, impact parameter distribution. Impact parameter filters. 4π phoswich array.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(92)90697-I
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1992TS01      Phys.Lett. 297B, 243 (1992)

M.B.Tsang, P.Danielewicz, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, R.T.de Souza, F.Zhu

Reaction Dynamics and Deuteron Production

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(θp, Ep), σ(θd, Ed), azimuthal distributions. Microscopic transport model including deuteron production, Coulomb effects.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(92)91256-9
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1992WI04      Phys.Rev. C45, 2300 (1992)

J.L.Wile, D.E.Fields, K.Kwiatkowski, S.J.Yennello, K.B.Morley, E.Renshaw, V.E.Viola, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, N.Carlin, H.M.Xu, W.G.Gong, M.B.Tsang, J.Pochodzalla, R.T.deSouza, D.J.Fields, S.M.Austin

Excitation Functions for Complex Fragment Emission in the E/A = 20-100 MeV 14N + (nag)Ag, 197Au Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag, 197Au(14N, X), E=20-100 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ, E); deduced fragment emission mechanism. Three-source model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2300
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1992ZH08      Phys.Lett. 282B, 299 (1992)

F.Zhu, W.G.Lynch, D.R.Bowman, R.T.de Souza, C.K.Gelbke, Y.D.Kim, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, H.M.Xu, J.Dinius

Thermalization in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment θ, E) for X=10B, yields for 10B breakup into 6Li+α, 9Be+p; deduced thermalization population inversion features.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(92)90642-H
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1991BO30      Phys.Rev.Lett. 67, 1527 (1991)

D.R.Bowman, G.F.Peaslee, R.T.de Souza, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, L.Phair, M.B.Tsang, C.Williams, N.Colonna, K.Hanold, M.A.McMahan, G.J.Wozniak, L.G.Moretto, W.A.Friedman

Multifragment Disintegration of the 129Xe + 197Au System at E/A = 50 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(129Xe, X), E=50 MeV/nucleon; measured charged particle multiplicities. Dynamical, statistical models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.1527
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1991DE33      Phys.Lett. 268B, 6 (1991)

R.T.de Souza, L.Phair, D.R.Bowman, N.Carlin, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Gong, Y.D.Kim, M.A.Lisa, W.G.Lynch, G.F.Peaslee, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, F.Zhu, W.A.Friedman

Multifragment Emission in the Reaction 36Ar + 197Au at E/A = 35, 50, 80, and 110 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(36Ar, X), E=35-110 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment multiplicity distributions, first, second moments. Statistical decay model.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90913-B
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1991GO02      Phys.Rev. C43, 781 (1991)

W.G.Gong, W.Bauer, C.K.Gelbke, S.Pratt

Space-Time Evolution of Nuclear Reactions Probed by Two-Proton Intensity Interferometry

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(14N, 2p), E=75 MeV/nucleon; calculated 2p-correlation function; deduced source radii, emission time scales.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.781
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1991GO05      Phys.Rev. C43, 1804 (1991)

W.G.Gong, C.K.Gelbke, W.Bauer, N.Carlin, R.T.de Souza, Y.D.Kim, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, G.Poggi, D.P.Sanderson, M.B.Tsang, H.M.Xu, D.E.Fields, K.Kwiatkowski, R.Planeta, V.E.Viola, Jr., S.J.Yennello, S.Pratt

Space-Time Evolution of the Reactions 14N + 27Al, 197Au at E/A = 75 MeV and 129Xe + 27Al, 122Sn at E/A = 31 MeV Probed by Two-Proton Intensity Interferometry

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 197Au(14N, 2p), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 27Al, 122Sn(129Xe, 2p), E=31 MeV/nucleon; measured two-proton correlation function; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.1804
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1991HE07      Phys.Rev. C43, 2318 (1991)

L.Heilbronn, A.Galonsky, C.K.Gelbke, W.G.Lynch, T.Murakami, D.Sackett, H.Schelin, M.B.Tsang, F.Deak, A.Kiss, Z.Seres, J.Kasagi, B.A.Remington

Production of Neutron-Unbound States in Intermediate-Mass Fragments from 14N + Ag Reactions at E/A = 35 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(14N, nX), E=35 MeV/nucleon; measured γ(fragment)-coin, X=Li, Be, B, C isotopes; deduced source temperatures, amount of sequential feeding.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.2318
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