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NSR database version of April 11, 2024.

Search: Author = E.Norbeck

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2010AV03      Bull.Rus.Acad.Sci.Phys. 74, 559 (2010); Izv.Akad.Nauk RAS, Ser.Fiz 74, 592 (2010)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, V.V.Kirakosyan, P.A.Rukoyatkin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Emission time of the intermediate mass fragments in collisions of relativistic deuterons with the gold target

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(d, X), E=4.4 GeV; measured reaction fragments; deduced relative velocity correlation function.

doi: 10.3103/S1062873810040295
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2008KA42      Phys.Atomic Nuclei 71, 2067 (2008)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, A.Budzanowski, S.P.Avdeyev, A.S.Botvina, E.A.Cherepanov, W.Karcz, V.V.Kirakosyan, P.A.Rukoyatkin, I.Skwirczynska, E.Norbeck

Critical temperature for the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition (from multifragmentation and fission)

doi: 10.1134/S1063778808120077
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2006KA35      Phys.Atomic Nuclei 69, 1142 (2006)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, A.Budzanowski, S.P.Avdeyev, V.V.Kirakosyan, V.K.Rodionov, P.A.Rukoyatkin, A.V.Simonenko, W.Karcz, I.Skwirczynska, E.A.Kuzmin, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Liquid-Fog and Liquid-Gas Phase Transitions in Hot Nuclei

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; analyzed fragments kinetic energy and charge distributions, emission times; deduced volume parameters, phase transition features.

doi: 10.1134/S1063778806070076
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2006KA52      Nucl.Phys. A780, 91 (2006)

V.A.Karnaukhov, S.P.Avdeyev, A.S.Botvina, A.Budzanowski, L.V.Chulkov, B.Czech, W.Karcz, V.V.Kirakosyan, E.A.Kuzmin, E.Norbeck, H.Oeschler, V.K.Rodionov, P.A.Rukoyatkin, A.V.Simonenko, I.Skwirczynska

Nuclear multifragmentation and fission: Similarity and differences

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; analyzed fragment charge and kinetic energy distributions, emission time; deduced chemical and kinetic freeze-out volumes.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.09.017
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2005BU13      Acta Phys.Pol. B36, 1203 (2005)

A.Budzanowski, V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.K.Rodionov, V.V.Kirakosyan, A.V.Simonenko, P.A.Rukoyatkin, W.Karcz, I.Skwirczynska, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Phase transitions in highly excited nuclei

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; analyzed fragment charge and energy distributions, multiplicities, related data; deduced spinodal decomposition, phase transition features. Statistical multifragmentation model.


2005KA08      Nucl.Phys. A749, 65c (2005)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.K.Rodionov, V.V.Kirakosyan, A.V.Simonenko, P.A.Rukoyatkin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, I.Skwirczynska, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Spinodal decomposition, nuclear fog and two characteristic volumes in thermal multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; analyzed intermediate mass fragments charge distributions, kinetic energy spectra; deduced volume parameters, phase transition features.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.12.009
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004KA23      Nucl.Phys. A734, 520 (2004)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.K.Rodionov, A.V.Simomenko, V.V.Kirakosyan, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, I.Skwirczynska, E.A.Kuzmin, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Multifragmentation and nuclear phase transitions (liquid-fog and liquid-gas)

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(p, X), E=3.6, 8.1 GeV; analyzed intermediate mass fragment charge distributions; deduced phase transition temperature. Statistical multifragmentation model.

doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.01.095
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2004KA55      Phys.Rev. C 70, 041601 (2004)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.K.Rodionov, V.V.Kirakosyan, A.V.Simonenko, P.A.Rukoyatkin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, I.Skwirczynska, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Two characteristic volumes in thermal nuclear multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragment charge distributions, kinetic energy spectra, related features; deduced volume parameters, two characteristic volumes. Statistical multifragmentation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.70.041601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2003KA05      Phys.Rev. C 67, 011601 (2003)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, E.V.Duginova, V.K.Rodionov, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, O.V.Bochkarev, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Critical temperature for the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=4, 14.6 GeV; 197Au(12C, X), E=22.4 GeV; analyzed fragment charge distributions; deduced critical temperature for liquid-gas phase transition. Statistical multifragmentation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.67.011601
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2003KA38      Yad.Fiz. 66, 1282 (2003); Phys.Atomic Nuclei 66, 1242 (2003)

V.A.Karnaukhov, S.P.Avdeyev, E.V.Duginova, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, H.Oeschler, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, O.V.Bochkarev, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Thermal Multifragmentation of Hot Nuclei and Liquid-Fog Phase Transition

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2.2, 3.6, 8.1 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=4, 14.6 GeV; 197Au(12C, X), E=22.4 GeV; analyzed intermediate mass fragments multiplicity, velocity, and charge distributions, angular correlations; deduced thermal multifragmentation.

doi: 10.1134/1.1592578
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2002AV03      Nucl.Phys. A709, 392 (2002)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, P.A.Rukoyatkin, V.D.Toneev, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina, K.K.Gudima

Comparative Study of Multifragmentation of Gold Nuclei Induced by Relativistic Protons, 4He, and 12C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2-8 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=4, 14.6 GeV; 197Au(12C, X), E=22.4 GeV; measured multiplicities of intermediate mass fragments, charge, energy, and angular distributions; deduced collective flow features. Comparison with model calculations.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(02)01028-X
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2002KA70      Part. and Nucl., Lett. 113, 5 (2002)

V.A.Karnaukhov, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, E.V.Duginova, V.K.Rodionov, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, O.V.Bochkarev, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Thermal Multifragmentation, Nuclear Fog and Critical Temperature for the Liquid-Gas Phase Transition

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Au(p, X), (α, X), (12C, X), E=high; analyzed fragment charge distributions; deduced critical temperature for phase transition. Statistical multifragmentation model.


2002NO14      Acta Phys.Hung.N.S. 15, 327 (2002)

E.Norbeck, Y.Onel, A.Penzo, S.White

Polarized pp Physics with Internal Jet Targets at RHIC

doi: 10.1556/APH.15.2002.3-4.15
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2002RO11      Nucl.Phys. A700, 457 (2002)

V.K.Rodionov, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.V.Kirakosyan, P.A.Rukoyatkin, H.Oeschler, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, O.V.Bochkarev, E.A.Kuzmin, L.V.Chulkov, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Time Scale of the Thermal Multifragmentation in p + Au Collisions at 8.1 GeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragments charge, energy distributions, angular correlations; deduced time scale. FASA detector array. Comparison with model predictions.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(01)01307-0
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001AV01      Nucl.Phys. A681, 287c (2001)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, V.D.Toneev, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

On the Way from Thermal Multifragmentation to Dynamical Disintegration

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), (α, X), (12C, X), E=high; measured intermediate mass fragments kinetic energy; deduced collective flow features.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00529-7
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001AV02      Phys.Lett. 503B, 256 (2001)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, V.D.Toneev, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Transition from Thermal to Rapid Expansion in Multifragmentation of Gold Induced by Light Relativistic Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2.1, 3.6, 8.1 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=4, 14.6 GeV; 197Au(12C, X), E=22.4 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragments energy spectra; deduced deviation from thermal breakup. Statistical multifragmentation model.

doi: 10.1016/S0370-2693(01)00227-1
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001AV04      Yad.Fiz. 64, No 9, 1628 (2001); Phys.Atomic Nuclei 64, 1549 (2001)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, V.D.Toneev, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina, W.A.Friedman, K.K.Gudima, P.A.Rukoyatkin

Multifragmentation of Gold Nuclei by Light Relativistic Ions: Thermal breakup versus dynamical disintegration

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2.16, 3.6, 8.1 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=4, 14.6 GeV; 197Au(12C, X), E=22.4 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragments multiplicities, energy, angle, charge, and mass distributions; deduced fragmentation mechanism features. Statistical multifragmentation model, expanding emitting source model calculations.

doi: 10.1134/1.1409497
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2001ST15      Phys.Rev. C63, 064610 (2001)

P.Staszel, Z.Majka, L.G.Sobotka, D.G.Sarantites, R.J.Charity, J.Cibor, K.Hagel, N.Marie, J.B.Natowitz, R.Wada, D.W.Stracener, G.Auger, Y.Schutz, J.P.Wieleczko, R.Dayras, E.Plagnol, J.Barreto, E.Norbeck

Fragment Excitation Energies at Freeze-Out in 84Kr + 93Nb Collisions at 45 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=45 MeV/nucleon; measured light charged particle and intermediate mass fragment multiplicity, charge, angle, and mass distributions, correlation functions; deduced primary fragment excitation energy, reaction mechanism features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.064610
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001WI01      Phys.Rev. C63, 014601 (2001)

E.M.Winchester, J.A.Winger, R.Laforest, E.Martin, E.Ramakrishnan, D.J.Rowland, A.Ruangma, S.J.Yennello, G.D.Westfall, A.Vander Molen, E.Norbeck

Effect of System N/Z on the Enhanced Production of Even-Z Fragments Observed in Heavy Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe, 58Ni(40Ar, X), (40Cl, X), (40Ca, X), E=25 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments isotopic yields, charge distributions; deduced enhancement of even-Z fragments, effect of system charge-to-mass ratio.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.63.014601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000AV06      Part. and Nucl., Lett. 99, 62 (2000)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, V.D.Toneev, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Collective Flow in Multifragmentation Induced by Relativistic Helium and Carbon Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), (12C, X), E=1-4 GeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragments kinetic energy, charge distributions; deduced collective flow features. Comparison with proton-induced reactions.


2000CO20      Phys.Rev. C61, 067602 (2000)

E.Colin, R.Sun, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Nuclear Disassembly in Violent Central Collisions at Intermediate Energies: (65-115)A MeV 40Ar + Cu, Ag, Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=65-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments multiplicity, velocity, mass distributions; deduced rate of nuclear disassembly.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.067602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000MA03      Phys.Rev. C61, 021602 (2000)

D.J.Magestro, W.Bauer, O.Bjarki, J.D.Crispin, M.L.Miller, M.B.Tonjes, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, R.Pak, E.Norbeck

Disappearance of Transverse Flow in Au + Au Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=24.5-57.6 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragments mean transverse momenta; deduced balance energy for disappearance of collective flow, related features.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.021602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000OE06      Part. and Nucl., Lett. 99, 70 (2000)

H.Oeschler, A.S.Botvina, D.H.E.Gross, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck

Variation of the Coulomb Replusion in Multifragmentation

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=8.1 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragments yields, charge and energy distributions; deduced contribution from Coulomb repulsion vs fragment multiplicity.


2000SU01      Phys.Rev.Lett. 84, 43 (2000)

R.Sun, E.Colin, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Balance of Mass, Momentum, and Energy in Splintering Central Collisions for 40Ar up to 115 MeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments mass, charge, multiplicity, momentum, angular distributions. Comparison with statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.43
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000SU12      Phys.Rev. C61, 061601 (2000)

R.Sun, E.Colin, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, K.L.Drake, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, J.Yee

Isotropic Emission Components in Splintering Central Collisions: (17-115)A MeV 40Ar + Cu, Ag, Au

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragments mass and charge distributions, multiplicities, kinetic energy spectra, angular distributions; deduced reaction mechanism features. Sequential evaporation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.061601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1999KA10      Yad.Fiz. 62, No 2, 2272 (1999); Phys.Atomic Nuclei 62, 237 (1999)

V.A.Karnaukhov, S.P.Avdeyev, W.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, A.S.Zubkevich, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanowski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina

Multifragmentation Induced by Light Relativistic Projectiles and Heavy Ions: Similarities and differences

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2.2, 3.6, 8.1 GeV; 197Au(α, X), E=3.6 GeV/nucleon; 197Au(36Ar, X), E=30, 220 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(Kr, X), E=35 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(197Au, X), E=100, 400, 1000 MeV/nucleon; analyzed intermediate mass fragments multiplicity, energy, charge distributions. Statistical model.


1999YA16      Phys.Rev. C60, 041602 (1999)

L.B.Yang, E.Norbeck, W.A.Friedman, O.Bjarki, F.D.Ingram, R.A.Lacey, D.J.Magestro, M.L.Miller, A.Nadasen, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, S.J.Yennello

Odd-Even Z Isospin Anomaly in Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), E=45, 75, 105 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(E, θ), intermediate mass fragments charge, energy distributions; deduced odd-even Z effect in yields vs target and projectile N/Z ratio.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.041602
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1998AV02      Eur.Phys.J. A 3, 75 (1998)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, W.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, V.K.Rodionov, A.S.Zubkevich, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, A.Budzanovski, W.Karcz, M.Janicki, E.Norbeck, A.S.Botvina, W.A.Friedman, W.Norenberg, G.Papp

Thermal Multifragmentation in p + Au Interactions at 2.16, 3.6 and 8.1 GeV Incident Energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(p, X), E=2.16, 3.6, 8.1 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragments spectra, multiplicity, charge, angular distributions; deduced thermal multifragmentation. Intranuclear cascade model.

doi: 10.1007/s100500050149
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1998BE14      Phys.Rev. C57, 1788 (1998)

E.Berthoumieux, E.C.Pollacco, C.Volant, B.Berthier, Y.Cassagnou, J.L.Charvet, M.Colonna, R.Dayras, R.Legrain, C.Mazur, E.De Filippo, A.Cunsolo, A.Foti, G.Lanzano, A.Pagano, S.Urso, Sl.Cavallaro, R.Barth, V.Lips, H.Oeschler, S.Harar, E.Norbeck

Heavy Fragment Production in 40Ar + 232Th Reactions at 27A, 44A, and 77A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), E=27, 44, 77 MeV/nucleon; measured light, intermediate, heavy fragments σ(E, θ); deduced fragment production mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.1788
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1998CO03      Phys.Rev. C57, R1032 (1998)

E.Colin, R.Sun, N.N.Ajitanand, J.M.Alexander, M.A.Barton, P.A.DeYoung, A.Elmaani, C.J.Gelderloos, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Guinet, S.Hannuschke, J.A.Jaasma, L.Kowalski, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.F.Peaslee, M.Stern, N.T.B.Stone, S.D.Sundbeck, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee

Splintering Central Collisions: Systematics of momentum and energy deposition for (17-115)A MeV 40Ar

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cu, Ag, 197Au(40Ar, X), E=17-115 MeV/nucleon; measured light, intermediate, heavy fragments velocity, mass, angle, charge distributions; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.57.R1032
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1997PA12      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 1022 (1997)

R.Pak, W.Benenson, O.Bjarki, J.A.Brown, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, B.-A.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, P.Pogodin, D.E.Russ, M.Steiner, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, S.J.Yennello

Isospin Dependence of Collective Transverse Flow in Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Mn, X), E=56.6 MeV/nucleon; 58Ni, 58Fe(58Ni, X), (58Fe, X), E=55 MeV/nucleon; measured collective transverse flow; deduced flow variables, nucleon-nucleon collisions elementary aspects models dependence. Transport models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1022
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1997PA13      Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 1026 (1997)

R.Pak, B.-A.Li, W.Benenson, O.Bjarki, J.A.Brown, S.A.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, D.J.Magestro, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, D.E.Russ, M.Steiner, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, L.B.Yang, S.J.Yennello

Isospin Dependence of the Balance Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Fe(58Fe, X), 58Ni(58Ni, X), E ≤ 105 MeV/nucleon; measured transverse flow vs E; deduced balance energy isospin dependence related features. Transport model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1026
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1996NO07      Nucl.Phys. A607, 105 (1996)

E.Norbeck, Q.Z.Luo, Y.W.Cheng, P.Pogodin, F.D.Ingram

Nuclear Rings and Gas-Liquid Phase Transitions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(197Au, X), E=100, 250 MeV/nucleon; 208Pb(208Pb, X), E=35-60 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(93Nb, X), E=60 MeV/nucleon; 197Au(12C, X), E=0.4-4 GeV/nucleon; calculated intermediate mass fragment production related features, central collisions; deduced nuclear rings, gas-liquid phase transitions related features. BUU microscopic simulation.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(96)00226-6
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1995GU15      Phys.Lett. 357B, 7 (1995)

E.E.Gualtieri, J.Yee, D.Craig, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, T.Li, W.J.Llope, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, J.S.Winfield, G.D.Westfall, S.J.Yennello

Absence of Saturation in Energy Deposition in 40Ar + 232Th Collisions at E = 15-115 A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), (40Ar, F), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fission, intermediate mass (fragment)(fragment)(θ), light charged particle production; deduced saturation absence in central collisions energy depositions. 4π detector.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00901-V
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1995LI09      Nucl.Phys. A583, 585c (1995)

V.Lips, R.Barth, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, W.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, W.Karcz, W.Neubert, E.Norbeck, B.-A.Li, D.H.E.Gross

Multifragmentation Induced by Relativistic α-Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), E=1-3.6 GeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicity, spectra; deduced breakup density, breakup mechanism.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00731-2
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1995LL01      Phys.Rev. C51, 1325 (1995)

W.J.Llope, J.A.Conrad, C.M.Mader, G.Peilert, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, T.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

Autocorrelations and Intermediate-Mass-Fragment Multiplicities in Central Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(20Ne, X), 45Sc(40Ar, X), 93Nb(84Kr, X), 139La(129Xe, X), E=15-155 MeV/nucleon; measured intermediate mass fragment average multiplicities; deduced model validities, autocorrelating centrality variables.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.1325
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1995LL02      Phys.Rev. C52, 1900 (1995)

W.J.Llope, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, T.Li, C.M.Mader, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, R.Pak, G.Peilert, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello

The Sphericity of Central Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, X), E=155 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(20Ne, X), E=140 MeV/nucleon; 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=115 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=75 MeV/nucleon; 139La(129Xe, X), E=60 MeV/nucleon; analyzed sphericity data. Dynamic, hybrid models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.1900
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1995PO05      Nucl.Phys. A583, 441c (1995)

E.C.Pollacco, E.Berthoumieux, E.De Filippo, C.Volant, R.Barth, B.Berthier, Y.Cassagnou, Sl.Cavallaro, J.L.Charvet, A.Cunsolo, M.Colonna, R.Dayras, D.Durand, A.Foti, S.Harar, G.Lanzano, R.Legrain, V.Lips, C.Mazur, E.Norbeck, H.Oeschler, A.Pagano, S.Urso

Production of Heavy Fragments in the Reaction 40Ar + 232Th

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), (40Ar, F), E=44, 77 MeV/nucleon; measured fission, other fragment velocity vs mass, singles, coincidence modes; deduced heavy fragment production mechanism. Boltzmann-Nordheim-Vlasov approach.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00701-N
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1995SH40      Yad.Fiz. 58, No 10, 1735 (1995); Phys.Atomic Nuclei 58, 1635 (1995)

S.Yu.Shmakov, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, V.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, E.A.Cherepanov, V.Lips, R.Barth, H.Oeschler, A.S.Botvina, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, W.Karcz, W.Neubert, E.Norbeck

Time Scale of Multifragment Emission in 4He + Au Collisions at E/A = 3.65 GeV/Nucleon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), E=3.65 GeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)-coin; deduced θ(rel) distribution, multi-fragment emission time scale related features.


1995WI19      Phys.Rev. C51, 3136 (1995)

W.K.Wilson, W.Bauer, D.Cebra, M.Cronqvist, D.Krofcheck, R.Lacey, T.Li, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, C.A.Ogilvie, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee

Azimuthal Distributions and Collective Motion in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-100 MeV/nucleon; measured light particle (Z=1, 2) azimuthal distribution; deduced mean field deflection associated anisotropy related features. Microscopic approach, mean-field mediated interactions plus NN-collisions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.51.3136
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1995YE03      Phys.Lett. 356B, 191 (1995)

J.Yee, E.E.Gualtieri, D.Craig, S.A.Hannuschke, T.Li, W.J.Llope, R.Pak, N.T.B.Stone, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, S.J.Yennello, R.A.Lacey, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Tracking Fission-Like Processes in Central Collisions of 40Ar + 232Th; E = 15-115 A MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(40Ar, X), (40Ar, F), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fission fragment σ(θ), σ(φ), (fragment)(charged particle)-coin; deduced incomplete fusion followed by fission-like processes evidence.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00805-U
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1994LA29      Phys.Lett. 339B, 22 (1994)

J.Lauret, R.A.Lacey, A.Elmaani, A.Tsepetis, A.Moores, G.D.Westfall, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Li, W.J.Llope, R.Pak, N.Stone, A.Vander Molen, J.Yee, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

High-Order Azimuthal Correlation Functions: Powerful probes for collective motion in heavy ion reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured azimuthal correlation functions; deduced collective motion probing related features.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)91127-4
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1994LI07      Phys.Rev. C49, 1630 (1994)

T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Pak, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, R.Lacey, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Mass Dependence of Critical Behavior in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=15-115 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment σ(Z); deduced critical behavior mass dependence. Percolation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.49.1630
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1994LI21      Phys.Rev.Lett. 72, 1604 (1994)

V.Lips, R.Barth, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, V.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, W.Karcz, W.Neubert, E.Norbeck

Multifragmentation Induced by Relativistic α Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), E=1, 3.6 GeV/nucleon; measured fragment mass, energy, velocity; deduced intermediate mass fragment mean multiplicities dependence on Eα. High precision tof telescopes.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.72.1604
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1994LI40      Phys.Lett. 338B, 141 (1994)

V.Lips, R.Barth, H.Oeschler, S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, V.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, W.Karcz, W.Neubert, E.Norbeck, D.H.E.Gross

Evidence for Simultaneous Breakup in Reactions with Relativistic α-Projectiles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), E at 3.6 GeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment) relative angle distribution; deduced intermediate mass fragment emission time scale dependence, Coulomb trajectory calculations.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)91357-9
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1994YE01      Phys.Lett. 321B, 15 (1994)

S.J.Yennello, B.Young, J.Lee, J.A.Winger, J.S.Winfield, G.D.Westfall, A.Vander Molen, B.M.Sherrill, J.Shea, E.Norbeck, D.J.Morrissey, T.Li, E.Gualtieri, D.Craig, W.Benenson, D.Bazin

The use of Radioactive Nuclear Beams to Study the Equilibration of the N/Z Degree of Freedom in Intermediate-Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58Ni, 58Fe(40Ca, X), (40Ar, X), E=53 MeV/nucleon; 9Be(40Ar, X), E=80 MeV/nucleon; measured fragment spectra, isotope production ratio for fragment Z ≤ 5; deduced target, beam N/Z dependence.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90321-2
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1993AV03      Nucl.Instrum.Methods Phys.Res. A332, 149 (1993)

S.P.Avdeyev, V.A.Karnaukhov, V.D.Kuznetsov, L.A.Petrov, R.Barth, V.Lips, H.Oeschler, O.V.Bochkarev, L.V.Chulkov, E.A.Kuzmin, I.G.Mukha, V.A.Olkin, G.B.Yankov, W.Karcz, Y.T.Vidaj, W.Neubert, E.Norbeck

FASA - A 4π Detector Setup for the Investigation of Target Multifragmentation in Nucleus - Nucleus Collisions

RADIOACTIVITY 252Cf(SF); measured fission fragment mass spectra. Tof telescope.

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 197Au(α, X), E=3.65 GeV/nucleon; measured fragment spectra. Tof telescope.

doi: 10.1016/0168-9002(93)90752-4
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1993BA19      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 3705 (1993)

E.Bauge, A.Elmaani, R.A.Lacey, J.Lauret, N.N.Ajitanand, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Li, B.Llope, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Observation of a Saturation in the Time Scale for Multifragment Emission in Symmetric Heavy-Ion Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 93Nb(84Kr, X), E=35-75 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment) reduced velocity correlation functions; deduced intermediate mass fragment emission T1/2, time scale saturation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3705
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1993LA02      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 1224 (1993)

R.A.Lacey, A.Elmaani, J.Lauret, T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, T.Reposeur, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Lee, S.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Multifragment Azimuthal Correlation Functions: Probes from reaction dynamics in collisions of intermediate energy heavy ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=45 MeV/nucleon; measured (fragment)(fragment)(φ); deduced rotational collective motion, flow dominance, usefulness as reaction dynamics probe.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.1224
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1993LI08      Phys.Rev.Lett. 70, 1924 (1993)

T.Li, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, R.Lacey, W.J.Llope, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, A.Nadasen, R.S.Tickle, E.Norbeck

Intermediate Mass Fragment Production in Central Collisions of Intermediate Energy Heavy Ions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 45Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; measured σ(fragment Z); deduced power-law parameter minimum.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.1924
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1993WE09      Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 1986 (1993)

G.D.Westfall, W.Bauer, D.Craig, M.Cronqvist, E.Gualtieri, S.Hannuschke, D.Klakow, T.Li, T.Reposeur, A.M.Vander Molen, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, J.Yee, S.J.Yennello, R.Lacey, A.Elmaani, J.Lauret, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Mass Dependence of the Disappearance of Flow in Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, X), E=55-155 MeV/nucleon; 27Al(20Ne, X), E=55-140 MeV/nucleon; 41Sc(40Ar, X), E=35-115 MeV/nucleon; 93Nb(86Kr, X), E=35-75 MeV/nucleon; measured flow disappearance vs mass; deduced E(balance) dependence on mass. Boltzmann-Uehling-Uehlenbeck calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1986
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1993YE01      Phys.Rev. C48, 1092 (1993)

S.J.Yennello, K.Kwiatkowski, E.C.Pollacco, C.Volant, Y.Cassagnou, R.Dayras, D.E.Fields, S.Harar, E.Hourani, R.Legrain, E.Norbeck, R.Planeta, J.L.Wile, N.R.Yoder, V.E.Viola

Studies of Intermediate-Mass Fragment Emission in the 3He + (nat)Ag, 197Au Reactions between 0.48 and 3.6 GeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag, 197Au(3He, X), E=0.48-3.6 GeV; measured σ(fragment θ, E) for fragment Z=4-9; deduced energy dissipation, emitting source expansion features. Models comparison.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.48.1092
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1991KR01      Phys.Rev. C43, 350 (1991)

D.Krofcheck, D.A.Cebra, M.Cronqvist, R.Lacey, T.Li, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, K.Tyson, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, A.Nadasen, E.Norbeck

Observation of a Minimum in Collective Flow for Ar + V Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=100 MeV/nucleon; measured light charge particle spectra; deduced nuclear matter flow features. 4π solid angle array.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.350
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1991YE04      Phys.Rev.Lett. 67, 671 (1991)

S.J.Yennello, E.C.Pollacco, K.Kwiatkowski, C.Volant, R.Dayras, Y.Cassagnou, R.Legrain, E.Norbeck, V.E.Viola, J.L.Wile, N.R.Yoder

Multifragment Emission in Reactions Induced by 0.90 and 3.6 GeV 3He Ions on (nat)Ag

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(3He, X), E=0.9, 3.6 GeV; measured intermediate mass fragment multiplicities, σ(fragment θ), σ(fragment, E); deduced emitting source Coulomb field modification.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.671
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1990CE04      Phys.Rev.Lett. 64, 2246 (1990)

D.A.Cebra, S.Howden, J.Karn, A.Nadasen, C.A.Ogilvie, A.Vander Molen, G.D.Westfall, W.K.Wilson, J.S.Winfield, E.Norbeck

Event-Shape Analysis: Sequential versus simultaneous multifragment emission

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 51V(40Ar, X), E=35-85 MeV/nucleon; measured light fragment multiplicity, mass, charge, kinetic energy distributions; deduced reaction mechanism.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.2246
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1990PO10      Nucl.Phys. A519, 197c (1990)

E.C.Pollacco, C.Volant, R.Dayras, Y.Cassagnou, S.Harar, R.Legrain, C.Mazur, S.J.Yennello, K.Kwiatkowski, N.R.Yoder, V.E.Viola, R.Planeta, J.L.Wile, D.E.Fields, E.Hourani, E.Norbeck

Search for the Onset of Multifragmentation in the Reaction 3He + (nat)Ag

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ag(3He, X), E=0.48-3.6 GeV; measured σ(fragment θ, E).

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(90)90626-W
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1989NA10      Phys.Rev. C40, 1130 (1989)

A.Nadasen, P.G.Roos, N.S.Chant, C.C.Chang, G.Ciangaru, H.F.Breuer, J.Wesick, E.Norbeck

(p, pα) Cluster-Knockout Reaction on 9Be at 200 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be(p, pα), E=200 MeV; measured σ(E1, E2, θ1, θ2). 9Be deduced α-cluster knockout spectroscopic factors. DWIA analysis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.40.1130
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1988LA11      Z.Phys. A330, 183 (1988)

M.Lattuada, F.Riggi, D.Vinciguerra, C.Spitaleri, G.Vourvopoulos, D.Miljanic, E.Norbeck

Energy Dependence of Direct Effects in the 6Li + 6Li → 3α Reaction Around the Coulomb Barrier

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, 2α), E=4.2 MeV; measured two quasi-free process σ(θ1, θ2, E1); deduced mechanism, energy dependence. PWIA, DWBA analyses.


1985WA13      Phys.Rev. C31, 1662 (1985)

C.W.Wang, P.G.Roos, N.S.Chant, G.Ciangaru, F.Khazaie, D.J.Mack, A.Nadasen, S.J.Mills, R.E.Warner, E.Norbeck, F.D.Becchetti, J.W.Janecke, P.M.Lister

9Be(p, pα)5He Cluster Knockout Reaction with 150 MeV Polarized Protons

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be(polarized p, pα), E=150 MeV; measured quasifree σ(θ), analyzing power vs θ, σ(θp, Ep), energy sharing σ; deduced optical potentials parameters. 9Be deduced Sα for cluster breakup. DWIA, cluster knockout.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.31.1662
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC1559.


1983NO08      Phys.Rev. C28, 1140 (1983)

E.Norbeck, P.T.Wu, C.R.Chen, R.R.Carlson

6Li - 6Li and 7Li - 7Li Elastic Scattering from 2.0 to 5.5 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, 6Li), 7Li(7Li, 7Li), E=2-5.5 MeV; measured σ(θ), σ(E(6Li)), σ(E(7Li)); deduced double-folding optical model parameters, total σ(reaction).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.28.1140
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1981NO06      Phys.Rev. C23, 2557 (1981)

E.Norbeck, C.R.Chen, M.D.Strathman, D.A.Fox

Reaction between Two 6Li at Rest to Give Three α Particles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, α), E=2 MeV; calculated σ(Eα2, θα3) for breakup. Three-body, extended-range DWBA. 6Li(6Li, 6Li), E=2-5.5 MeV; analyzed σ(θ, E). Double-folding potentials.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.23.2557
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1978NO08      Phys.Rev. C18, 1275 (1978)

E.Norbeck, M.D.Strathman, D.A.Fox

Inner Part of the 6Li + 12C Optical Potential

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(6Li, 6Li), E=5.8, 59.8 MeV; calculated σ(θ). Optical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.18.1275
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1976PO02      Phys.Rev. C13, 648 (1976)

J.E.Poling, E.Norbeck, R.R.Carlson

Elastic Scattering of Lithium by 9Be, 10B, 12C, 13C, 16O, and 28Si from 4 to 63 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 10B, 12,13C, 16O, 28Si(6Li, 6Li), 12,13C, 16O(7Li, 7Li), E=4-13 MeV; measured σ(E, θ); deduced optical potential.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.13.648
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1974VO06      Phys.Rev. C10, 550 (1974)

P.L.Von Behren, E.Norbeck, G.L.Payne

Angular Distributions for the 9Be(6Li, 7Li)8Be Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 9Be(6Li, 7Li), E=5.5, 6.5 MeV; 9Be(6Li, 6Li), E=4, 6 MeV; measured σ(E(7Li), θ), σ(θ); deduced optical model parameters.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.10.550
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1972GA32      Phys.Rev. C6, 1172 (1972)

L.L.Gadeken, E.Norbeck

Direct Interactions and the 6Li + 6Li → α + α + α Reaction

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, 2α), E=2, 6, 13 MeV; measured σ(Eα, θ(α)); deduced reaction mechanism. 8Be deduced levels.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.6.1172
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1972PO07      Phys.Rev. C5, 1819 (1972)

J.E.Poling, E.Norbeck, R.R.Carlson

Elastic Scattering of Lithium by Carbon

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(6Li, 6Li), (7Li, 7Li), E=4.5-13 MeV; measured σ(E;θ); deduced optical model parameters.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.5.1819
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1971GA21      Phys.Rev.Lett. 27, 952 (1971)

L.L.Gadeken, E.Norbeck

Production of Three He4 Nuclei by the Direct Interaction of Li6 with Li6

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, 3α), E=2-13 MeV; measured σ(Eα, θ(α)); deduced 3-α direct interaction production.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.27.952
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1971NO04      Phys.Rev. C3, 2073 (1971)

E.Norbeck, L.L.Gadeken, F.D.Ingram

Interference of Be8* Levels and Final-State Coulomb Interactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, α), 10B(d, α), E not given; measured nothing; analyzed σ(Eα). 8Be levels deduced level-width.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.3.2073
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1969IN06      Phys.Rev. 187, 1302 (1969)

F.D.Ingram, E.Norbeck

Be8 States at 16.6 and 16.9 MeV and Final-State Coulomb Interactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6Li(6Li, α); E=6 MeV; measured σ(Eα, θ(α1), θ(α2)). 8Be deduced resonances, level-width.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.187.1302
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1968NO03      Phys.Rev.Letters 20, 1178 (1968)

E.Norbeck, F.D.Ingram

Distortion of Nuclear Spectra by Final-State Coulomb Interactions

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 8Be, 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.20.1178
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1967MC14      Phys.Rev.Letters 19, 1442 (1967)

R.L.McGrath, J.Cerny, E.Norbeck

Unbound Nuclide 7B

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 8B, 7Li, 7B, 7Be, 11B, 9Be, 10B; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1442
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1966MA40      Phys.Rev. 151, 830 (1966)

M.D.Mancusi, E.Norbeck

Be8 Levels at 16.62 and 16.92 MeV from Li6(Li6, α)Be8

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 8Be, 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.151.830
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1965HA05      Phys.Rev. 137, B17 (1965)

V.P.Hart, E.Norbeck, R.R.Carlson

N17 Energy Levels and Gamma Rays

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 11B, 17N; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.137.B17
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1964CA05      Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, No. 4, 419, DA9 (1964)

R.R.Carlson, E.Norbeck, V.Hart

States of 15C, 14C, and 13C and the Nonexistence of 4H

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 9Be; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1964CA16      Phys. Rev. 136, B1687 (1964)

R.R.Carlson, R.L.McGrath, E.Norbeck

Li7(Li7, He6)Be8 Reaction

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 7Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.136.B1687
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1964HA09      Bull.Am.Phys.Soc. 9, No.4, 430, EA6 (1964)

V.P.Hart, E.Norbeck, R.R.Carlson

States of 17N from the 11B(7Li, p)17N Reaction

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 11B; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1964ME02      Bull.Am.Phys.Soc. 9, No.4, 406, CA2 (1964)

R.A.Mendelson, Jr., E.Norbeck

States of 9Be from the 6Li(7Li, α)9Be Reaction

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1964ME07      Phys.Rev. 135, B1319 (1964)

R.A.Mendelson, Jr., E.Norbeck, R.R.Carlson

Be9 States from the Reaction Li6(Li7, α)Be9

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.135.B1319
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1963CA09      Phys.Rev. 131, 1204 (1963)

R.R.Carlson, E.Norbeck

Two-Parameter Analysis of Be10, B11, B12, and B13 Spectra

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 7Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.131.1204
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1963NO02      Phys.Rev. 130, 1971 (1963)

E.Norbeck, S.A.Coon, R.R.Carlson, E.Berkowitz

Gamma Rays Rays from Lithium Bombardment of Be9, B10, B11, and C12

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 12C, 9Be, 11B, 10B; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.130.1971
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1962BE07      Bull.Am.Phys.Soc. 7, No.4, 335, TB2 (1962)

E.Berkowitz, S.Bashkin, R.R.Carlson, S.Coon, E.Norbeck

γ-Radiation from Nuclear Reactions Induced by Lithium Beams on Lithium Targets

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 7Li, 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1962BE24      Phys.Rev. 128, 247 (1962)

E.Berkowitz, S.Bashkin, R.R.Carlson, S.A.Coon, E.Norbeck

Gamma Radiation from Lithium-Lithium Nuclear Reactions

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 7Li, 6Li; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.128.247
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1962CA04      Bull.Am.Phys. Soc. 7, No.4, 336, TB3 (1962)

R.R.Carlson, E.Berkowitz, S.Coon, R.McGrath, E.Norbeck

γ-Radiation from Li6 and Li7 Bombardment of Be9, B10, B11, and C12

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 12C, 10B, 9Be, 11B; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1961BE27      SUI-61-21 (1961)

E.H.Berkowitz, V.P.Hart, R.L.McGrath, S.A.Coon, S.Bashkin, J.Landstreet, E.Norbeck

Gamma rays from the bombardment of B10 B11and C12 by Li6 and Li7

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 10B, 11B, 12C; measured not abstracted; deduced nuclear properties.


1961NO05      Phys.Rev. 121, 824 (1961)

E.Norbeck

Lithium-Induced Reaction Yields Below 4 MeV

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.121.824
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1959NO40      Phys.Rev. 116, 1560 (1959)

E.Norbeck, J.M.Blair, L.Pinsonneault, R.J.Gerbracht

Angular Distribution of Li8 from Be9(Li7, Li8)Be8

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.116.1560
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1957NO14      Phys.Rev. 105, 204 (1957)

E.Norbeck, Jr.

New Nuclear Reactions Induced by 2-MeV Lithium Ions; the Masses of B13 and C15

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.105.204
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1957NO17      Phys.Rev. 108, 754 (1957)

E.Norbeck, Jr., C.S.Littlejohn

Experimental Survey of Nuclear Transformations Caused by 2-MeV Lithium Ions

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.108.754
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1956AL60      Phys.Rev. 102, 1182 (1956)

S.K.Allison, P.G.Murphy, E.Norbeck, Jr.

Mass of B13 from the Nuclear Reaction Li7(Li7, p)B13

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 7Li(7Li, p)13B, E=1.61 MeV; measured reaction products, Ep, Ip; deduced Q-value. Comparison with available data.

doi: 10.1103/physrev.102.1182.2
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