ADOPTED LEVELS, GAMMAS for 196Tl

Author: Huang Xiaolong |  Citation: Nucl. Data Sheets 108, 1093 (2007) |  Cutoff date: 1-Jan-2006 

 Full ENSDF file | Adopted Levels (PDF version) 


Q(β-)=-2136 keV 19S(n)= 7413 keV 17S(p)= 3.79×103 keV 3Q(α)= 2854 keV 20
Reference: 2012WA38

References:
  A  196Tl IT decay (1.41 H)  B  196Pb ε decay (37 M)
  C  197Au(α,5nγ),194Pt(6Li,4nγ) 

General Comments:

Nuclear structure calculation: 1978Ya09, 1979Pa14, 1979To17, 1980Kr03, 1980Kr20, 1990Va15, 1991Sa12.

Hyperfine structure and isotope shift measurements: 1989MeZZ, 1989MeZV, 1990Di09, 1992Me07.

Cross section and yield measurements: 1982Si11, 1984ShZP, 1989DaZS.

Q-value: Note: Current evaluation has used the following Q record










E(level)
(keV)
XREFJπ(level) T1/2(level)E(γ)
(keV)
I(γ)M(γ)Final Levels
     0.0ABC 2- 1.84 h 3 
% ε = 100
     
   191.7 4  B  0-     191.7 5 
  100
E2
     0.0
2-
   240.2 4 AB  (2)-     240.0 5 
   30 5 
M1+E2
     0.0
2-
   253.2 4  B  1-     253.1 5 
  100
M1
     0.0
2-
   274.1 4 A   (3-)      33.7 3 
  274.6 6 
 
 
[E2]
(M1)
   240.2
     0.0
(2)-
2-
   366.5 5  B  1-     113 1 ?
  126 1 ?
  175 2 ?
  366.5 5 
    2.4 10 
    2.0 7 
    7 3 
  100 15 
[M1]
[M1]
[M1]
M1
   253.2
   240.2
   191.7
     0.0
1-
(2)-
0-
2-
   394.2 5 A   (7+) 1.41 h 2 
% IT = 3.8 4
% ε = 96.2 4
  120.1 3 
  100
M4
   274.1
(3-)
   493.9 4  B  1-     127 1 ?
  241 2 ?
  302.2 5 
  493.9 5 
    4.3 19 
   17 5 
   67 19 
  100 19 
[M1]
[M1]
M1
M1
   366.5
   253.2
   191.7
     0.0
1-
1-
0-
2-
   638.1 6   C 2.5 ns   243.9 3 
  100

   394.2
(7+)
   738.1 6   C (8-) 21.3 ns 5    343.9 3 
  100
E1+M2
   394.2
(7+)
   738.1+X?  C (9-)       X
 
[M1]
   738.1
(8-)
   755.3 4  B  (1-)     502.1 5 
  515.2 5 
  755.2 8 
  100 8 
    5.1 25 
    7 3 
(M1)
(M1)
(M1)
   253.2
   240.2
     0.0
1-
(2)-
2-
   799.5 7   C     161.4 3 
  100
D+Q
   638.1

   799.6+X 3   C (10-)      61.5 3 
  100
D+Q
   738.1+X
(9-)
   908.4+X 4   C (11-)     108.6 3 
  100
D+Q
   799.6+X
(10-)
   954.2 5  B  (1-)     701.0 8 
  714.1 8 
  954.1 8 
   47 20 
   20 10 
  100 25 
(M1)
(M1)
(M1)
   253.2
   240.2
     0.0
1-
(2)-
2-
E(level)
(keV)
XREFJπ(level) T1/2(level)E(γ)
(keV)
I(γ)M(γ)Final Levels
  1179.7+X 4   C (12-)     271.4 3 
  380.3 3 
  100
    7.0
D+Q

   908.4+X
   799.6+X
(11-)
(10-)
  1274.8 7   C     475.3 2 
  100
D+Q
   799.5

  1416.1+X 4   C (13-)     236.4 3 
  507.6 2 
  100
   58
D+Q

  1179.7+X
   908.4+X
(12-)
(11-)
  1544.6 7   C     269.8?
  745.2 2 
 
  100


  1274.8
   799.5


  1812.9+X 4   C (14-)     396.9 3 
  633.3 2 
  100
   41
D+Q

  1416.1+X
  1179.7+X
(13-)
(12-)
  1995.8 7   C     451.3 2 
  721.0 2 
  100
  100
D+Q

  1544.6
  1274.8


  2079.6+X 5   C (15-)     266.7 3 
  663.3 2 
   43
  100
D+Q

  1812.9+X
  1416.1+X
(14-)
(13-)
  2171.2+X 5   C     991.5 2 
  100

  1179.7+X
(12-)
  2222.8 7   C     227.3 3 
  678.1 2 
   53
  100
D(+Q)

  1995.8
  1544.6


  2335.1+X 6   C     163.9 3 
  100
D+Q
  2171.2+X

  2527.3+X 6   C     192.2 3 
  356.0?
  100
 
D+Q

  2335.1+X
  2171.2+X


  2527.4+X 5   C (16-)     447.8 2 
  714.6 2 
  100
   91
D+Q

  2079.6+X
  1812.9+X
(15-)
(14-)
  2760.3+X 5   C (17-)     233.1 3 
  680.6 2 
   45
  100
D+Q

  2527.4+X
  2079.6+X
(16-)
(15-)
  2846.8+X 7   C     319.5 3 
  100
D+Q
  2527.3+X

  3045.6+X 6   C (18-)     285.3 3 
  100
D+Q
  2760.3+X
(17-)
  3163.5+X 8   C     316.7 3 
  100
D+Q
  2846.8+X

  3334.6+X 7   C (19-)     289.0 3 
  100
D+Q
  3045.6+X
(18-)
  3500.1+X?  C     336.2 3 ?
  100
D+Q
  3163.5+X

  3523.4+X 7   C (20-)     188.8 3 
  100
D+Q
  3334.6+X
(19-)
  3629.8+X 8 ?  C (21-)     106.4 3 
  100
D+Q
  3523.4+X
(20-)

E(level): From least-squares fit to Eγ’s

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Band Transitions:

E(level)
(keV)
Jπ(level) T1/2(level)E(γ)I(γ)M(γ)Final Levels
Band 1 - THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
   738.1 6  (8-) 21.3 ns 5       
   799.6+X 3  (10-)      61.5 3 
  100
D+Q
   738.1+X
(9-)
   908.4+X 4  (11-)     108.6 3 
  100
D+Q
   799.6+X
(10-)
  1179.7+X 4  (12-)     271.4 3 
  380.3 3 
  100
    7.0
D+Q

   908.4+X
   799.6+X
(11-)
(10-)
  1416.1+X 4  (13-)     236.4 3 
  507.6 2 
  100
   58
D+Q

  1179.7+X
   908.4+X
(12-)
(11-)
  1812.9+X 4  (14-)     396.9 3 
  633.3 2 
  100
   41
D+Q

  1416.1+X
  1179.7+X
(13-)
(12-)
  2079.6+X 5  (15-)     266.7 3 
  663.3 2 
   43
  100
D+Q

  1812.9+X
  1416.1+X
(14-)
(13-)
  2527.4+X 5  (16-)     447.8 2 
  714.6 2 
  100
   91
D+Q

  2079.6+X
  1812.9+X
(15-)
(14-)
  2760.3+X 5  (17-)     233.1 3 
  680.6 2 
   45
  100
D+Q

  2527.4+X
  2079.6+X
(16-)
(15-)
  3045.6+X 6  (18-)     285.3 3 
  100
D+Q
  2760.3+X
(17-)
  3334.6+X 7  (19-)     289.0 3 
  100
D+Q
  3045.6+X
(18-)
  3523.4+X 7  (20-)     188.8 3 
  100
D+Q
  3334.6+X
(19-)
  3629.8+X 8  (21-)     106.4 3 
  100
D+Q
  3523.4+X
(20-)

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Additional Gamma Data:















E(level)
(keV)
Jπ(level)T1/2(level)E(γ)
(keV)
MultipolarityMixing
Ratio
Conversion
Coefficient
Additional Data
   191.7 0-     191.7 5 E2 0.474α=0.474 8, α(K)=0.187 3, α(L)=0.215 4, α(M)=0.0558 10, α(N+)=0.0165 3
   240.2 (2)-     240.0 5 M1+E20.6 LT0.66α=0.66 7, α(K)=0.53 7, α(L)=0.098 3, α(M)=0.0232 5, α(N+)=0.00709 15
   253.2 1-     253.1 5 M1 0.625α=0.625, α(K)=0.512 8, α(L)=0.0867 13, α(M)=0.0202 3, α(N+)=0.00620 10
   274.1 (3-)      33.7 3 [E2] 1.02×103α=1.02×103 5
(3-)     274.6 6 (M1) 0.500α=0.500 8
   366.5 1-     113 1 [M1] 6.06α=6.06 18, α(K)=4.95 15, α(L)=0.85 3, α(M)=0.199 6, α(N+)=0.0608 18
1-     126 1 [M1] 4.44α=4.44 12, α(K)=3.63 10, α(L)=0.622 17, α(M)=0.145 4, α(N+)=0.0445 12
1-     175 2 [M1] 1.75α=1.75 7, α(K)=1.43 6, α(L)=0.244 9, α(M)=0.0570 21, α(N+)=0.0174 7
1-     366.5 5 M1 0.228α=0.228, α(K)=0.187 3, α(L)=0.0314 5, α(M)=0.00732 11, α(N+)=0.00224 4
   394.2 (7+) 1.41 h 2 
% IT = 3.8 4
% ε = 96.2 4
  120.1 3 M4 2.30×103B(M4)(W.u.)=4.01 16, α=2.30×103 5
   493.9 1-     127 1 [M1] 4.34α=4.34 12, α(K)=3.55 10, α(L)=0.608 17, α(M)=0.142 4, α(N+)=0.0435 12
1-     241 2 [M1] 0.716α=0.716 20, α(K)=0.586 16, α(L)=0.099 3, α(M)=0.0232 7, α(N+)=0.00710 20
1-     302.2 5 M1 0.384α=0.384, α(K)=0.315 5, α(L)=0.0531 8, α(M)=0.01240 19, α(N+)=0.00380 6
1-     493.9 5 M1 0.1027α=0.1027, α(K)=0.0844 12, α(L)=0.01406 20, α(M)=0.00327 5, α(N+)=0.001003 15
   738.1 (8-) 21.3 ns 5    343.9 3 E1+M2-0.14 +4-70.039B(E1)(W.u.)=2.18E-7 7, B(M2)(W.u.)=0.17 10, α=0.039 22, α(K)=0.031 17, α(L)=0.006 4, α(M)=0.0014 10, α(N+)=0.0004 3
   755.3 (1-)     502.1 5 (M1) 0.0984α=0.0984, α(K)=0.0808 12, α(L)=0.01345 20, α(M)=0.00313 5, α(N+)=0.000959 14
(1-)     515.2 5 (M1) 0.0919α=0.0919, α(K)=0.0755 11, α(L)=0.01256 18, α(M)=0.00293 5, α(N+)=0.000896 13
(1-)     755.2 8 (M1) 0.0339α=0.0339, α(K)=0.0279 4, α(L)=0.00458 7, α(M)=0.001066 16, α(N+)=0.000326 5
   799.5     161.4 3 D+Q-0.16 +6-2842.3α=2.3 13
   799.6+X (10-)      61.5 3 D+Q-0.18 +14-78.315α=8.315
   908.4+X (11-)     108.6 3 D+Q-0.05 +1-27.068α=7.068 7
   954.2 (1-)     701.0 8 (M1) 0.0411α=0.0411, α(K)=0.0338 5, α(L)=0.00557 8, α(M)=0.001296 19, α(N+)=0.000397 6
(1-)     714.1 8 (M1) 0.0391α=0.0391, α(K)=0.0322 5, α(L)=0.00531 8, α(M)=0.001234 18, α(N+)=0.000378 6
(1-)     954.1 8 (M1) 0.0186α=0.0186, α(K)=0.01531 22, α(L)=0.00250 4, α(M)=0.000580 9, α(N+)=0.000178 3
  1179.7+X (12-)     271.4 3 D+Q-0.45 +10-250.47α=0.47 7
E(level)
(keV)
Jπ(level)T1/2(level)E(γ)
(keV)
MultipolarityMixing
Ratio
Conversion
Coefficient
Additional Data
  1274.8     475.3 2 D+Q-1.1 +6-40.07α=0.07 3
  1416.1+X (13-)     236.4 3 D+Q-0.44 +8-110.70α=0.70 4
  1812.9+X (14-)     396.9 3 D+Q-0.62 +9-230.152α=0.152 20
  1995.8     451.3 2 D+Q-0.6 +2-130.11α=0.11 6
  2079.6+X (15-)     266.7 3 D+Q-0.31 +8-70.528α=0.528 16
  2222.8     227.3 3 D(+Q)0.00 10 
  2335.1+X     163.9 3 D+Q-0.25 +5-72.11α=2.11 5
  2527.3+X     192.2 3 D+Q-0.78 +23-701.0α=1.0 3
  2527.4+X (16-)     447.8 2 D+Q-0.55 +6-120.115α=0.115 8
  2760.3+X (17-)     233.1 3 D+Q-0.27 +8-70.777α=0.777 21
  2846.8+X     319.5 3 D+Q-0.78 +18-650.25α=0.25 8
  3045.6+X (18-)     285.3 3 D+Q-0.07 20.4663α=0.4663 11
  3163.5+X     316.7 3 D+Q-0.18 +4-30.344α=0.344 4
  3334.6+X (19-)     289.0 3 D+Q-0.46 +16-210.39α=0.39 5
  3500.1+X     336.2 3 D+Q-0.14 50.295α=0.295 4
  3523.4+X (20-)     188.8 3 D+Q-0.12 41.453α=1.453 11
  3629.8+X (21-)     106.4 3 D+Q-0.07 +4-37.487α=7.487 15

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Additional Level Data and Comments:

E(level)Jπ(level)T1/2(level)Comments
     0.02- 1.84 h 3 
% ε = 100
CONF=((P,S1/2)(N,F5/2))+((P,S1/2)(N,P3/2)) (1976Ek03,1984Be40).
μ=+0.072 3 (1992Me07).
E(level): μ=+0.072 3 (1992Me07).
   394.2(7+) 1.41 h 2 
% IT = 3.8 4
% ε = 96.2 4
Branching: Based upon the assumption that essentially all ε decays go through the 84(E2) transition in 196Hg and all IT decays go through the 120(M4) transition in 196Tl; ce(L3)(84)/ce(L3)(120)=16.9 17 (1960Ju01), and using theoretical conversion coefficients with 1.5% uncertainties.
E(level): Branching: Based upon the assumption that essentially all ε decays go through the 84(E2) transition in 196Hg and all IT decays go through the 120(M4) transition in 196Tl; ce(L3)(84)/ce(L3)(120)=16.9 17 (1960Ju01), and using theoretical conversion coefficients with 1.5% uncertainties.
   738.1(8-) 21.3 ns 5  Bandhead, because the 343.9γ is the strongest line and it is in delayed coincidence with all the other members of the γ-ray cascade.
E(level): Bandhead, because the 343.9γ is the strongest line and it is in delayed coincidence with all the other members of the γ-ray cascade. THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
   799.6+X(10-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
   908.4+X(11-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  1179.7+X(12-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  1416.1+X(13-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  1812.9+X(14-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  2079.6+X(15-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  2527.4+X(16-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  2760.3+X(17-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  3045.6+X(18-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  3334.6+X(19-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  3523.4+X(20-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.
  3629.8+X(21-)   E(level): THE NEGATIVE-PARITY band.

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Additional Gamma Comments:

E(level)E(gamma)Comments
   191.7   191.7E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): K:L2:L3:M:n=13 2:9 2:6 2:8 2:1.5 7 (1961Sv01). K/L=0.8 2, L2/L3=1.7 6, L/M=2.1 8, M/n=5 2 (1961Sv01). E2 theory: K/L=0.87, L2/L3=1.6. M1 from 1982Hi04.
   240.2   240.0E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   253.2   253.1E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): the strongest ce line in 196Pb ε decay. M1 theory: K/L=5.90, L/M=4.3, α(K)=0.5321; E1 theory: K/L=5.87, L/M=4.3, α(K)=0.03523.
   274.1    33.7E(γ): from 196Tl IT decay only.
M(γ): Ice(L1)(33.7)/Ice(L3)(120.1)=0.25 10 (1960Ju01).
   274.6E(γ): from 196Tl IT decay.
M(γ): supported by Ice(K)(274.6)/Ice(L3)(120.1)=0.50 10; K/L|>6(1960Ju01); M1 theory: K/L=5.9
   366.5   113E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): supported by ce(K)(113)/ce(K)(253)=0.10 3 (1961Sv01).
   126E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): supported by ce(K)(126)/ce(K)(253)=0.06 2 (1961Sv01).
   175E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): supported by ce(K)(175)/ce(K)(253)=0.08 3 (1961Sv01).
   366.5E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): based upon ce ratios: K/L>5, ce(K)(367)/ce(K)(253)=0.18 6 (1961Sv01); M1 theory: K/L=5.92.
   394.2   120.1M(γ): supported by K:L:M:n=0.14 7:1.00:0.33 3:0.13 3 and L1:L2:L3=0.36 7:0.14 5:1.00 (1960Ju01); M4 theory: K:L:M=0.11:1.0:0.33, L1:L2:L3=0.37:0.078:1.0
   493.9   127E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   241E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   302.2E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): based upon ce ratios; ce(K)(302)/ce(K)(253.2)=0.012 5 (1961Sv01).
   493.9E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
M(γ): based upon ce ratios; ce(K)(494)/ce(K)(253.2)=0.04 2 (1961Sv01).
   738.1+X     XE(γ): Eγ<34 keV
   755.3   502.1E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   515.2E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   755.2E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   954.2   701.0E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   714.1E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).
   954.1E(γ): From 196Pb ε decay (37 min).

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