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Search: Author = C.Kalbach

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2017KA04      Phys.Rev. C 95, 014606 (2017)

C.Kalbach

Phenomenological model for light-projectile breakup

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, Cu, Zr, Cd, Pt(d, p), E=14.8 MeV; 27Al, Cu, Zr(d, xp), E=4-15 MeV; 27Al, 118Sn, 209Bi(d, xp), E=10-60 MeV; 181Ta(d, xp), E=4-17 MeV; 62Ni, 181Ta(d, p), E=15.0 MeV; 27Al, 62Ni, Nb, 119Sn, 181Ta(d, p), E=25.5 MeV; 57Fe, 116Sn(d, p), E=27.5 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni, 90Zr, 118Sn, 209Bi(d, p), E=56 MeV; 90Zr, 208Pb, 232Th(d, p), E=70 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni(d, p), E=80 MeV; 90Zr(3He, d), (3He, p), E=70, 90, 110 MeV; 27Al, Co, Nb, 197Au(3He, d), E=130 MeV; 90Zr(3He, xd), E=20-110 MeV; 59Co(3He, xd), E=20-120 MeV; 90Zr(3He, xp), E=10-80 MeV; 197Au(3He, xd), E=20-130 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni, 90Zr(α, p), (α, d), E=80 MeV; 27Al(α, t), (α, 3He), E=80 MeV; Bi(α, 3He), E=140 MeV; Al, 58Ni, 90Zr, Bi(α, p), (α, d), (α, t), (α, 3He), E=160 MeV; 90Zr(α, xd), (α, xp), E=10-70 MeV; 58Ni, 209Bi(α, xd), E=20-160 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni(α, xp), E=10-120 MeV; 27Al(α, xt), E=20-160 MeV; 27Al, 209Bi(α, x3He), E=50-160 MeV; analyzed systematics of experimental differential σ(θ, E) data from literature; deduced global systematics for differential σ(θ, E) for breakup mechanism of all charged-particle fragments, breakup can account for 50% to 60% of total reaction cross section; compared global model results with original data. Phenomenological model for breakup of d, 3He and α projectiles of 15-160 MeV energy, with one fragment emitted near projectile velocity in forward-angle cone.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.014606
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2011OH05      J.Korean Phys.Soc. 59, 1817s (2011)

A.Ohrn, C.Gustavsson, M.Blann, V.Blideanu, J.Blomgren, S.Chiba, H.Duarte, F.Haddad, C.Kalbach, J.Klug, A.Koning, C.Le brun, C.Lebrun, F.R.Lecolley, X.Ledoux, N.Marie-noury, P.Mermod, L.Nilsson, M.Osterlund, S.Pomp, A.Prokofiev, U.Tippawan, Y.Watanabe

Measurements of Inelastic Neutron Scattering at 96 MeV from Carbon, Iron, Yttrium and Lead

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 56Fe, 89Y, 208Pb(n, n'x), E=96 MeV; measured En, In(θ) using SCANDAL (SCAttered Nucleon Detection AssembLy); deduced σ(E, θ), σ(θ); calculated σ(E, θ), σ(θ) using TALYS, QMD, PRECO. Compared with UCLA data at 65 MeV.

doi: 10.3938/jkps.59.1817
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2011VO06      Phys.Rev. C 83, 054605 (2011)

A.V.Voinov, S.M.Grimes, C.R.Brune, A.Burger, A.Gorgen, M.Guttormsen, A.C.Larsen, T.N.Massey, S.Siem, C.Kalbach

Equilibrium and pre-equilibrium processes in the 55Mn(6Li, x p) and 57Fe(α, x p) reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 55Mn(6Li, xp), (6Li, xn), E=15 MeV; 57Fe(α, xp), E=30 MeV; measured neutron, proton and scattered α-particle spectra, cross sections, angular distributions. Comparison with calculations performed using the exciton pre-equilibrium model and Hauser-Feshbach evaporation model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.054605
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC1841.


2006KA08      Phys.Rev. C 73, 024614 (2006)

C.Kalbach

Missing final states and the spectral endpoint in exciton model calculations

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 53Cr, 56Fe, 60Ni, 65Cu, 94,95Mo(p, nX), E=25 MeV; 48Ti, 51V, 56Fe, 63Cu, 89Y, 93Nb, 96Mo, 115In(n, pX), E=14.8 MeV; 27Al, 28Si, 59Co(n, nX), (n, pX), (n, dX), (n, tX), (n, αX), E ≈ 50 MeV; 27Al, 54,56Fe(n, nX), (n, pX), (n, dX), (n, tX), (n, 3HeX), (n, αX), E ≈ 62 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni(n, nX), (n, pX), (n, dX), (n, tX), (n, 3HeX), (n, αX), E=80 MeV; calculated σ(E). Exciton model, comparison with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024614
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2005KA11      Phys.Rev. C 71, 034606 (2005)

C.Kalbach

Preequilibrium reactions with complex particle channels

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 54Fe, 58Ni, 89Y, 90Zr, 120Sn, 197Au, 209Bi(p, pX), (p, dX), (p, tX), (p, 3HeX), (p, αX), E ≈ 29-90 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni, 63Cu, 90Zr, 208Pb(d, pX), (d, dX), (d, tX), (d, 3HeX), (d, αX), E ≈ 25-80 MeV; 62Ni(3He, pX), (3He, dX), (3He, 3HeX), (3He, αX), E=24.3 MeV; 27Al, 54Fe, 59Co, 61Ni, 63Cu, 90Zr, 103Rh, 115In, 206Pb, 232Th(α, pX), (α, dX), (α, tX), (α, 3HeX), (α, αX), E ≈ 35-140 MeV; 27Al, 28Si, 52Cr, 59Co, 93Nb, 209Bi, 238U(n, nX), (n, pX), (n, dX), (n, tX), (n, αX), E ≈ 14-63 MeV; calculated preequilibrium reactions particle spectra, σ(E); deduced reaction mechanism features. Comparison with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.71.034606
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2005KA29      Phys.Rev. C 72, 024607 (2005)

C.Kalbach

Isospin conservation in preequilibrium reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 54Fe, 60Ni, 98Mo, 106Pd, 159Tb, 197Au(p, pX), E=18-29 MeV; analyzed proton spectra, isospin conservation effects. 27Al, 58Ni(p, nX), (p, pX), (p, dX), (p, tX), (p, 3HeX), (p, tX), (p, αX), E=62, 90 MeV; 28Si(n, nX), (n, pX), (n, dX), (n, tX), (n, 3HeX), (n, tX), (n, αX), E=50, 62.7 MeV; 27Al, 54Fe, 58Ni(α, nX), (α, pX), (α, dX), (α, tX), (α, 3HeX), (α, tX), (α, αX), E=59, 140 MeV; analyzed En, Ep, light charged particle spectra, isospin conservation effects.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72.024607
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2004KA03      Phys.Rev. C 69, 014605 (2004)

C.Kalbach

Surface effects in preequilibrium reactions of incident neutrons

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 28Si(n, pX), E=29, 39, 50 MeV; 27Al, 28Si, 59Co, 209Bi, 238U(n, pX), E=28.5, 37.5, 49, 63 MeV; calculated angle-integrated σ(E); deduced surface localization effects. Exciton model, comparisons with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.69.014605
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2000KA42      Phys.Rev. C62, 044608 (2000); Erratum Phys.Rev. C64, 039901 (2001)

C.Kalbach

Surface and Collective Effects in Preequilibrium Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 24Mg, 27Al, 28Si, 40Ca, 55Mn, Ti, Fe, Cu, Zr, Mo, 115In, Sb, 181Ta, W, 184W, Pb, 209Bi(n, xn), E ≈ 14-26 MeV; 52Cr, 56Fe, 60Ni, 65Cu, 91,92,94Zr, 92,94,95,96Mo, 103Rh, 104,105,106,110Pd, 107,109Ag, 120Sn, 169Tm, 204,206,207,208Pb(p, xn), E ≈ 18-26 MeV; 27Al, 46Ti, 50Cr, 54Fe, 63Cu, 89Y, 93Nb, 96Mo, 115In(n, xp), E ≈ 15 MeV; 90Zr, 93Nb, 92,94Mo, 103Rh, 105,106Pd, Ag(p, xp), E ≈ 18 MeV; 54Fe, 60Ni, 93Nb, 197Au, 209Bi(p, p'), E ≈ 18-26 MeV; 51V, Fe, 56Fe, Cu, 65Cu, Ni, 209Bi(n, n'), E ≈ 18-26 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni, 90Zr, 209Bi(p, p'), (p, n), E=90 MeV; calculated σ(E); deduced role of collective states, other reaction mechanism features. Exciton preequilibrium model, comparisons with data.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.62.044608
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1999KA05      J.Phys.(London) G25, 75 (1999)

C.Kalbach

Toward a Global Exciton Model: The equilibrium component

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 46,48Ti, 50Cr, 51V, 54,56Fe, 63,65Cu, 89Y, 90Zr, 93Nb, 92,96Mo, 115In(n, xp), 90Zr, 93Nb, 92,94,96Mo, 103Rh, 105,106Pd, Ag(p, xp), 24Mg, 27Al, 28Si, 40Ca, Ti, 55Mn, Fe, Cu, Zr, Mo, 115In, Sb, 181Ta, W, Pb, 209Bi(n, xn), 52Cr, 56Fe, 60Ni, 65Cu, 91,92,94Zr, 92,94,95,96Mo, 103Rh, 104,105,106,110Pd, 107,109Ag, 120Sn, 204,206,207,208Pb(p, xn), 54Fe, 60Ni, 209Bi, 197Au(p, p'), 51V, 56Fe, Fe, 65Cu, Cu, Ni, 209Bi(n, n'), 92Mo(n, p), 89Y, 116,118Sn(n, p), E ≈ 14-25 MeV; calculated proton spectra, neutron spectra; deduced state density shell correction effects. Comparison with data.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/25/1/008
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1998KA22      J.Phys.(London) G24, 847 (1998)

C.Kalbach

Toward a Global Exciton Model; Lessons at 14 MeV

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 48Ti, 50Cr, 51V, 54,56Fe, 63,65Cu, 89Y, 93Nb, 96Mo, 115In(n, xp), 24Mg, 27Al, 28Si, Ti, 55Mn, Fe, 59Co, Cu, Zr, 93Nb, Mo, 115In, Sb, 181Ta, W, Pb, 209Bi(n, xn), 92Mo(n, p), 89Y, 116,118Sn(p, n), Fe, 59Co, 93Nb(p, xp), E=14-15 MeV; analyzed σ(En), σ(Ep); deduced model parameters. Exciton model code PRECO-E.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/24/4/014
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1995KA50      J.Phys.(London) G21, 1499 (1995)

C.Kalbach

Shell-Corrected Particle-Hole State Densities for Pre-Equilibrium Reaction Calculations

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 208,210Pb, 117Sn; calculated shell-shifted equi-spacing model state densities. Comparison with realistic state densities.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/21/11/008
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1995KA51      J.Phys.(London) G21, 1519 (1995)

C.Kalbach

Consistent Exciton Model Calculations with Shell Structure, Pairing and Isospin Effects

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 96Mo(p, n), E=25 MeV; 100Mo(p, p'), E=18 MeV; 90,91,92,94Zr(p, n), E=18, 25 MeV; 90Zr(p, n), E=35, 45 MeV; 97,98,100,92,94,95,96Mo(p, n), 89Y(p, n), E=26 MeV; 93Nb, 90Zr(p, p'), E not given; 103Rh, 104,105,106,108,110Pd, 107,109Ag(p, n), 103Rh, 105,106Pd, Ag(p, p'), E ≈ 18, 25 MeV; analyzed data. Consistent exciton model.

doi: 10.1088/0954-3899/21/11/009
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1993KA02      Phys.Rev. C47, 587 (1993)

C.Kalbach

Particle-Hole State Densities with Good Isospin

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 58Ni, 208Pb; calculated isospin-dependent state densities vs two exciton states excitation energy. A rederivation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.47.587
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1993KA20      Nucl.Sci.Eng. 115, 43 (1993)

C.Kalbach

Continuum Angular Distributions in the Transition Regions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 90Zr, 208Pb(p, n), E=120 MeV; 90Zr(p, p'), E=120 MeV; 197Au(p, p'), E=150 MeV; 55Mn, 56Fe, 59Co, 60Ni(n, α), E=14.1 MeV; 90Zr, 96,98,100Mo(p, α), E=18 MeV; 93Nb(n, p), E=11.1, 14.1 MeV; 103Rh(p, n), E=12.6, 18 MeV; 107Ag(p, n), E=18.7, 25 MeV; 209Bi(n, n'), E=22.6, 25.7 MeV; 63Cu(d, t), E=19.2, 24.7 MeV; 93Nb(n, α), E=14.1, 14-18 MeV; calculated σ(θ) vs channel energy; deduced systematics.

doi: 10.13182/NSE93-A35521
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1990KA05      Phys.Rev. C41, 1656 (1990)

C.Kalbach

Phenomenology of Quasifree Scattering

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, MECPD, ICPND 27Al, 208,206Pb, 12C, 58Ni, Be, Cu, U, Fe, Ge, 51V, 90Zr, 40Ca, W(p, p'), E=8-30 MeV; 90Zr, 208Pb, Be, 27Al, Ni, Ta, W, Pb, U, 59Co, C(p, n), E=7.5-30 MeV; analyzed σ(E).

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.41.1656
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1988KA17      Phys.Rev. C37, 2350 (1988)

C.Kalbach

Systematics of Continuum Angular Distributions: Extensions to higher energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 54Fe(p, p'), (p, t), 27Al(p, α), (p, n), 58Ni, 120Sn(p, d), 90Zr(p, p'), (p, α), 209Bi, 64Ni(n, p), 209Bi(p, p'), E=60-90 MeV; 93Nb(n, n'), E=257 MeV; 54Fe(p, α), E=62 MeV; 103Rh(α, p), E=42 MeV; 58Ni(α, p), 27Al(α, α'), E=100 MeV; 58Ni(n, p), E=60 MeV; 58Ni(p, n), 209Bi(p, α), E=90 MeV; 232Th(α, p), 90Zr(α, α'), E=140 MeV; 54Fe(α, d), (α, t), E=59 MeV; 61Ni(α, d), (α, t), E=35.5 MeV; 209Bi, 27Al, 59Co(p, p'), E=450 MeV; Fe, W(p, p'), E=558 MeV; 27Al, Fe, W(p, d), E=558 MeV; 27Al, 181Ta(p, p'), E=600 MeV; Fe, Pb(p, n), E=590 MeV; calculated double differential σ. Continuum reaction systematics.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.37.2350
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1986KA04      Phys.Rev. C33, 818 (1986)

C.Kalbach

Two-Component Exciton Model: Basic formalism away from shell closures

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 56Fe(n, n), (n, p), E=22 MeV; 54Fe(p, p), (p, n), E=43.3, 66, 33.5 MeV; 54Fe(p, p), (p, n), E=33.5 MeV; 103Rh(p, p), (p, n), E=33.4 MeV; 169Tm(p, p), (p, n), E=31.6 MeV; calculated preequilibrium energy spectra. 54Fe(n, n'), E=22 MeV; 54Fe(p, p'), (p, n), E=33.5 MeV; calculated σ(θ). One-, two-component exciton model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.33.818
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1985KA19      Phys.Rev. C32, 1157 (1985)

C.Kalbach

Surface Effects in the Exciton Model of Preequilibrium Nuclear Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 56Fe, 89Y, 197Au(p, p'X), E=62 MeV; 27Al, 58Ni, 209Bi(p, nX), (p, p'X), E=90 MeV; 48Ca, 90Zr(p, nX), E=25, 35, 45 MeV; 208Pb(p, nX), E=35-45 MeV; 64Zn(p, nX), E=26 MeV; 54Fe(p, p'X), E=62 MeV; calculated continuum particle spectra. Exciton model, surface effects, preequilibrium processes.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.32.1157
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1984KA34      Phys.Rev. C30, 1310 (1984)

C.Kalbach

Isospin Dependence of Two-Component Particle-Hole State Densities for Nuclei

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 58Ni, 208Pb; calculated isospin-dependent particle-hole states.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.30.1310
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1981KA04      Phys.Rev. C23, 112 (1981)

C.Kalbach, F.M.Mann

Phenomenology of Continuum Angular Distributions. I. Systematics and parametrization

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(d, p), 27Al, 58Ni(d, d'), (d, t), (d, α), E=80 MeV; 208Pb, 232Th(d, d'), 90Zr, 232Th(d, t), 90Zr, 208Pb(d, α), E=70 MeV; 12C(α, p), (α, α'), E=59 MeV; 54Fe, 197Au(p, p'), 54Fe(p, d), (p, α), 197Au(p, α), E=29 MeV; 12C, 27Al, 197Au, 209Bi(p, p'), 12C, 27Al, 197Au, 209Bi(p, α), E=62 MeV; analyzed σ(θ); deduced continuum particle emission systematics. Legendre polynomial analysis.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.23.112
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1981KA25      Phys.Rev. C24, 819 (1981)

C.Kalbach

Bound and Unbound Particles in Griffin Model State Densities

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 54Fe(p, p), E=4-36 MeV; calculated σ(Ep, θ). 55Co deduced unbound particle-hole state densities. Griffin preequilibruim statistical model.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.24.819
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1977KA23      Z.Phys. A283, 401 (1977)

C.Kalbach

The Griffin Model, Complex Particles and Direct Nuclear Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 54Fe(p, p), E=29, 39, 62 MeV; 54Fe(α, α), E=59 MeV; 120Sn(p, p), E=62 MeV; 197Au(p, p), E=29, 62 MeV; calculated σ.

doi: 10.1007/BF01409522
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1975KA30      Nuovo Cim. 29A, 283 (1975)

C.Kalbach

The Shell-Shifted Equi-Spacing Model for Particle-Hole State Densities

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 115Pd, 115Cd, 115Sn, 115Te, 206,208,210Pb; calculated multi-exciton state densities.

doi: 10.1007/BF02729757
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1975KA33      Z.Phys. A275, 175 (1975)

C.Kalbach, S.M.Grimes, C.Wong

Comparison of Proton and Neutron Spectra: The Extended Griffin Model, Pairing and Isospin

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 103Rh, 159Tb, 169Tm(p, n), (p, p'), E=18 MeV; measured σ. Extended Griffin model, pairing, isospin.

doi: 10.1007/BF01409594
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1974BA76      Nucl.Phys. A234, 33 (1974)

R.Ballini, N.Cindro, J.P.Fouan, C.Kalbach, M.Lepareux, N.Saunier

Spectroscopy of the Continuum States of 24Mg Using the 20Ne(α, α') and 23Na(p, α) Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 20Ne(α, α'), E=10.25-14.82 MeV; 23Na(p, α), E=8.2-9.5 MeV; measured σ(E, Eα, θ). 24Mg deduced resonance energies. Enriched 20Ne target. Natural Na target.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(74)90377-7
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1974BE41      Phys.Rev. C10, 1028 (1974)

F.E.Bertrand, R.W.Peelle, C.Kalbach-Cline

Differential Cross Sections for Charged-Particle Emission in Reactions Of 58-MeV α Particles with 12C, 16O, and 54Fe: Comparison with the Exciton Model of Pre-Equilibrium Particle Emission

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C, 16O, 54Fe(α, α'X), (α, tX), (α, dX), (α, pX), E=58 MeV; measured σ(Eα', Et, Ed, Ep, θ); deduced σ(E). Comparison with extended exciton model of preequilibrium particle emission.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.10.1028
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC0814.


1974KA10      Nucl.Phys. A222, 405 (1974)

C.Kalbach-Cline, J.R.Huizenga, H.K.Vonach

Isospin Conservation and Pre-Equilibrium Decay in (p, p') Reactions on Neutron Rich Tin Isotopes

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 112,118,120,124Sn(p, p'), E=14.0, 17.8 MeV; measured σ(Ep', θ); enriched targets.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(74)90400-X
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1974LE13      Nucl.Phys. A223, 563 (1974)

P.M.S.Lesser, D.Cline, C.Kalbach-Cline, A.Bahnsen

Reorientation Measurements in the Even Nickel Isotopes

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 58,60Ni(32S, 32S'γ), E=70 MeV; measured 32S'γ(θ). 58,60Ni levels deduced quadrupole moment.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(74)90706-4
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1973KA27      Nucl.Phys. A210, 590 (1973)

C.Kalbach-Cline

Residual Two-Body Matrix Elements for Pre-Equilibrium Calculations

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 54Fe, 89Y, 120Sn, 197Au, 209Bi(p, p), 56Fe, 181Ta, 208Pb(p, n), 54Fe, 59Co, 58Ni, 93Nb, 124Sn(α, p); calculated average effective two-body matrix element. 55Co, 121Sb, 210Po levels calculated T1/2. 54Fe(p, p), (α, p), 120Sn(p, p); calculated σ.

doi: 10.1016/0375-9474(73)90296-0
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