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NSR database version of April 11, 2024.

Search: Author = P.J.Karol

Found 31 matches.

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2016KA49      Pure Appl.Chem. 88, 139 (2016)

P.J.Karol, R.C.Barber, B.M.Sherrill, E.Vardaci, T.Yamazaki

Discovery of the elements with atomic numbers Z = 113, 115 and 117 (IUPAC Technical Report)

COMPILATION 282Nh, 287,288,289Mc, 293,294Ts(α); compiled, experimental nuclear reaction and decay data.

doi: 10.1515/pac-2015-0502
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2016KA50      Pure Appl.Chem. 88, 155 (2016)

P.J.Karol, R.C.Barber, B.M.Sherrill, E.Vardaci, T.Yamazaki

Discovery of the element with atomic number Z = 118 completing the 7th row of the periodic table (IUPAC Technical Report)

COMPILATION 294Og, 290Lv, 286Fl(α); compiled, experimental nuclear reaction and decay data.

doi: 10.1515/pac-2015-0502
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2011BA54      Pure Appl.Chem. 83, 1485 (2011)

R.C.Barber, P.J.Karol, H.Nakahara, E.Vardaci, E.W.Vogt

Discovery of the elements with atomic numbers greater than or equal to 113 (IUPAC Technical Report)

COMPILATION 291Lv, 287Fl, 283Cn(α); compiled, experimental nuclear reaction and decay data.

doi: 10.1351/PAC-REP-10-05-01
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2009BA62      Pure Appl.Chem. 81, 1331 (2009)

R.C.Barber, H.W.Gaggeler, P.J.Karol, H.Nakahara, E.Vardaci, E.Vogt

Discovery of the element with atomic number 112 (IUPAC Technical Report)

COMPILATION 277Cn(α); compiled, experimental nuclear reaction and decay data.

doi: 10.1351/PAC-REP-08-03-05
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2003KA71      Pure Appl.Chem. 75, 1601 (2003)

P.J.Karol, H.Nakahara, B.W.Petley, E.Vogt

On the claims for discovery of elements 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, and 118 (IUPAC Technical Report)

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE Z=110-112; Z=114; Z=116; Z=118; compiled, analyzed priority claims for element discovery.

doi: 10.1351/pac200375101601
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001KA20      Nucl.Phys. A686, 109 (2001)

M.Kaplan, C.J.Copi, P.A.DeYoung, G.J.Gilfoyle, P.J.Karol, D.J.Moses, W.E.Parker, K.E.E.Rehm, J.Sarafa, E.Vardaci

Studies of Light Charged Particle Emission from Fission and ER Reactions in the System 344 MeV 28Si + 121Sb → 149Tb(E* = 240 MeV)

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 121Sb(28Si, X), E=344 MeV; measured proton and α spectra in coincidence with fission fragments and evaporation residues; deduced reaction mechanism features. Comparison with statistical model predictions.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00573-X
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001KA70      Pure Appl.Chem. 73, 959 (2001)

P.J.Karol, H.Nakahara, B.W.Petley, E.Vogt

On the discovery of the elements 110-112 (IUPAC Technical Report)

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE Z=110-112; compiled, analyzed priority claims for element discovery.

doi: 10.1351/pac200173060959
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2001MI12      Nucl.Phys. A686, 525 (2001)

Z.Milosevich, E.Vardaci, P.A.DeYoung, C.M.Brown, M.Kaplan, J.P.Whitfield, D.Peterson, C.Dykstra, M.Barton, P.J.Karol, M.A.McMahan

Small Angle Particle-Particle Correlation Measurements in the Reactions 280 MeV 40Ar + 27Al and 670 MeV 55Mn + 12C

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(40Ar, X), E=280 MeV; 12C(55Mn, X), E=670 MeV; measured pp-, pd-, pα-, dd-, dα-, αα-coin, relative momentum distributions, correlation functions; deduced role of compound nucleus spin distribution. Comparison with statistical model.

doi: 10.1016/S0375-9474(00)00569-8
Citations: PlumX Metrics


2000BR20      Phys.Rev. C61, 054611 (2000)

C.M.Brown, Z.Milosevich, M.Kaplan, E.Vardaci, P.A.DeYoung, J.P.Whitfield, D.Peterson, C.Dykstra, P.J.Karol, M.A.McMahan

Light-Charged-Particle Emission in the Matched Reactions 280 MeV 40Ar + 27Al and 670 MeV 55Mn + 12C: Coincidence results

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(40Ar, X), E=280 MeV; 12C(55Mn, X), E=670 MeV; measured exclusive light particle spectra, angular distributions, multiplicities, coincidence cross section ratios. Comparison with statistical model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.61.054611
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1999BR48      Phys.Rev. C60, 064612 (1999)

C.M.Brown, Z.Milosevich, M.Kaplan, E.Vardaci, P.DeYoung, J.P.Whitfield, D.Peterson, C.Dykstra, P.J.Karol, M.A.McMahan

Light Charged Particle Emission in the Matched Reactions 280 MeV 40Ar + 27Al and 670 MeV 55Mn + 12C: Inclusive studies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al(40Ar, X), E=280 MeV; 12C(55Mn, X), E=670 MeV; measured light charged particles energy spectra, σ(θ), multiplicities. Comparison with statistical model calculations.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.064612
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1993KO16      Phys.Rev. C48, 236 (1993)

K.L.Kolsky, P.J.Karol

Deep Spallation of Medium Mass Isotopes by Protons

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 89Y, 92,96,100Mo, 130Te(p, X)43Sc/44Sc/44mSc/46Sc/47Sc/48Sc, E=0.8 GeV; measured residuals production σ; deduced mass 47 isobaric yield curves. Deep spallation.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.48.236
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2350.


1992KA36      Phys.Rev. C46, 1988 (1992)

P.J.Karol

Transparency in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 40Ca(p, p), E > 40 MeV; 12C(12C, 12C), E > 50 MeV; calculated average reaction transparency. 208Pb, 12C(12C, X), 40Ca(40Ca, X), 208Pb(208Pb, X), E not given; calculated reaction σ, transparency. Sharp cut off models.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.46.1988
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1991KA02      Phys.Rev. C43, 908 (1991)

P.J.Karol, K.L.Kolsky

Unified Multifragmentation-Evaporation Nuclear Reaction Models

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 89Y, 92,96,100Mo, 130Te(p, X), E=0.8 GeV; measured yields of 43,44,47,48Sc; deduced mass yield curves. Activation technique.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.43.908
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1989SH39      Radiochim.Acta 46, 1 (1989)

S.Shibata, M.J.Tobin, P.J.Karol

Absolute γ-Ray Abundance of 87Zr

RADIOACTIVITY 87Zr [from 89Y, 92,96,100Mo(p, X), E=500, 800 MeV]; measured absolute γ-ray abundance. Radiochemical method.

NUCLEAR REACTIONS, ICPND 89Y, 92,96,100Mo(p, X), E=500, 800 MeV; measured isotopic yield distributions for 85-89Zr. Radiochemical method.

doi: 10.1524/ract.1989.46.1.1
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1989TO07      Phys.Rev. C39, 2330 (1989)

M.J.Tobin, P.J.Karol

Isobaric Yield Curves at A = 72 from the Spallation of Medium Mass Isotopes by Intermediate Energy Protons

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 89Y, 92,96,100Mo, 130Te(p, X), E=800 MeV; measured production σ for 65Ga-82Br; deduced A=72 isobar yields.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.39.2330
Citations: PlumX Metrics

Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetT0145.


1988SM07      Phys.Rev. C38, 210 (1988)

A.R.Smith, J.C.Hill, J.A.Winger, P.J.Karol

Cross Section for the 12C(139La, X)11C Reaction at Relativistic Energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(139La, X), 11C, E=1.29 GeV/nucleon; measured residual production σ, relativistic energies. Linear transport model, other data analyzed.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.210
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1988TO08      Phys.Rev. C38, 267 (1988)

M.J.Tobin, P.J.Karol

Unexpected Recoil Systematics of Intermediate Energy Spallation Products

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 89Y(p, X)65Ga/66Ga/67Ge/67Ga/68Ga/69As/69Ge/70As/70Ga/71As/72As/72Ga/73Ga/74Br/74As/74Ga/75Br/75Ge/76Br/76As/77Br/77Ge/78Br/80Br/82Br, E=800 MeV; measured residual production, recoil properties. Activation technique.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.38.267
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1983KA22      Can.J.Chem. 61, 750 (1983)

P.J.Karol

Nuclear Mean Free Paths and Transparency at Intermediate Energies

NUCLEAR REACTIONS Be, B, C, O, Al, Fe, Cu, Ge, Sn, Pb(p, X), E=0.53 GeV/nucleon; C, 4He, 2H(p, X), 2H, 4He(d, X), C, 4He(α, X), E=2.1 GeV/nucleon; C(12C, X), C(α, X), E=2.1 GeV/nucleon; C(12C, X), C(α, X), 4He(α, X), (d, X), (p, X), E=0.87 GeV/nucleon; calculated σ(reaction).

doi: 10.1139/v83-139
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1983KA27      Phys.Rev. C28, 1850 (1983)

P.J.Karol, M.J.Tobin, S.Shibata

Estimation of Neutron-Induced Spallation Yields of Krypton Isotopes

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 89Y(n, X), E=0.2-3 GeV; calculated cumulative yields for 78,80,82,83,84,86Kr. Rb, Sr, Y, Zr(n, X), (p, X), E not given; calculated spallation yield ratios for 78,80,82,83,84,86Kr. Data systematics input.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.28.1850
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1983SH27      Can.J.Chem. 61, 754 (1983)

S.Shibata, P.J.Karol

Identification of 20-Minute Zr-84

RADIOACTIVITY 84Zr(β+), (EC) [from 92,96,100Mo(p, X), E=500, 800 MeV]; measured γ-spectra, 112.5 keV γ-ray abundance; deduced T1/2.

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 96,100Mo(p, X), E=800 MeV; 92Mo(p, X), E=500, 800 MeV; measured γ-spectra; deduced evidence for 84Zr, Zr isotope production relative σ vs N/Z. Enriched targets.

doi: 10.1139/v83-140
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1981KA05      Phys.Rev. C23, 415 (1981)

P.J.Karol

Relevance of Final-State Nucleon-Nucleon Charge Exchange in Inclusive (π, πN) Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(π+, π+n), (π-, π-n), E=50-400 MeV; 25Mg(π+, π+p), (π-, π-p), E=100, 300 MeV; 197Au(π+, π+n), (π-, π-n), E=50-300 MeV; calculated σ(π+)/σ(π-).One-step quasifree intranuclear cascade model, final state interactions.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.23.415
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1977KU16      Phys.Rev. C16, 1984 (1977)

T.H.Ku, P.J.Karol

Isobaric Yield Curves at A = 72 from the Spallation of Molybdenum Isotopes by High-Energy Alpha Particles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 92,96,100Mo(α, X), E=720 MeV; measured σ(A), A=65-76; deduced yield curves at A=72. Enriched targets, Ge(Li) detectors.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.16.1984
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2349.


1976CH18      Phys.Rev. C14, 1068 (1976)

Y.Y.Chu, E.-M.Franz, G.Friedlander, P.J.Karol

Interaction of 28-GeV Protons with Thorium: Study of Charge Dispersions and Mass Yields

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 232Th(p, F), E=28 GeV; measured σ(A, Z), A=43-173; deduced charge dispersion curve.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.14.1068
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetO0006.


1975KA07      Phys.Rev. C11, 1203 (1975)

P.J.Karol

Nucleus-Nucleus Reaction Cross Sections at High Energies: Soft-Spheres Model

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 27Al, 64Cu, 208Pb, 238U(p, X), E=20 GeV; 40Ca, 59Ni, 119Sn, 208Pb(π-, X), E=2 GeV; 64Cu, 208Pb(p-bar, X), (K-, X), E=13.3 GeV; 12C, 32S, 64Cu, 208Pb(16O, X), E=34 GeV; calculated σ.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.11.1203
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1974KA22      Phys.Rev. C10, 150 (1974)

P.J.Karol

Spallation of Copper by High-Energy Alpha Particles

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 63,65Cu(α, X), E=410, 720 MeV; measured yields for A=7-65 spallation products.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.10.150
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC2347.


1973KA19      Phys.Lett. 44B, 459 (1973)

P.J.Karol, A.A.Caretto, Jr., R.L.Klobuchar, D.M.Montgomery, R.A.Williams, M.V.Yester

Cross Sections for (π, πn) Reactions on 14N and 19F at the (3/2, 3/2) Resonance

RADIOACTIVITY 11C, 13N, 18F; measured γγ-coin.

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 14N, 19F(π+, X), 19F(π-, π-n), E=190 MeV; measured σ production of 13N, 18F.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(73)90334-1
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1973YE02      Phys.Lett. 45B, 327 (1973)

M.V.Yester, A.A.Caretto, Jr., M.Kaplan, P.J.Karol, R.L.Klobuchar

Cross Section of (π+, π+n+π0p) Reaction on 12C at the (3/2, 3/2) Resonance

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(π+, X); measured σ.

doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(73)90046-4
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1971CH48      Phys.Rev. C4, 2202 (1971)

Y.Y.Chu, E.M.Franz, G.Friedlander, P.J.Karol

Interaction of 28-GeV Protons with Uranium: Charge and Mass Distribution of Rare-Earth Products

NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(p, X), E=28 GeV; measured cumulative, independent yields of 50 rare-earth nuclides.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevC.4.2202
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC0377.


1971CH57      Inorg.Nucl.Chem.Lett. 7, 1205 (1971)

Y.Y.Chu, P.J.Karol

The Half-Life of 172Hf

RADIOACTIVITY 172Hf; measured T1/2.

doi: 10.1016/0020-1650(71)80067-3
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1970KA23      J.Inorg.Nucl.Chem. 32, 2817 (1970)

P.J.Karol

Half-Life Determinations for 169,170,171Lu, 166Yb, 165,166,167Tm, and 160Er

RADIOACTIVITY 169,170,171Lu, 166Yb, 165,166,167Tm, 160Er; measured T1/2.

doi: 10.1016/0022-1902(70)80343-8
Citations: PlumX Metrics


1968KA36      Phys.Rev. 166, 1089 (1968)

P.J.Karol, J.M.Miller

Nuclear-Structure Effects in Simple High-Energy Spallation Reactions

NUCLEAR REACTIONS 50Cr(p, 2n2p), 50Cr(p, 2np), 50Cr(p, 2p), 50Cr(p, n2p), 58Ni(p, 2n2p), 58Ni(p, 2np), 58Ni(p, 2p), 58Ni(p, 4n6p), 58Ni(p, 5n5p), 58Ni(p, 5n6p), 58Ni(p, 6n5p), 58Ni(p, 6n6p), 58Ni(p, n2p), 58Ni(p, np), 64Zn(p, 2n2p), 64Zn(p, 2np), 64Zn(p, 3n2p), 64Zn(p, n2p), 64Zn(p, np), E=370 MeV; measured products, 57Ni, Eπ, Iπ; deduced σ, σ(E). Data were imported from EXFOR entry C0274.

doi: 10.1103/PhysRev.166.1089
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Data from this article have been entered in the EXFOR database. For more information, access X4 datasetC0274.


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