Author: B. Singh |  Citation: Nucl. Data Sheets 114, 2023 (2013) |  Cutoff date: 23-SEP-2013 

 Full ENSDF file | Adopted Levels (PDF version) 

Q(β-)=2770 keV SYS(n)= 3470 keV SYS(p)= 9340 keV SYQ(α)= 2620 keV SY
Reference: 2012WA38

General Comments:

215Pb evaluated by B. Singh

2010Al24 claim to identify 215Pb for the first time, however as explained below, there have been several previous reports from GSI and ISOLDE, CERN groups where this isotope was identified, produced, and its half-life measured, for example in 1998Pf02 and in the thesis by 2004DeZV

1998Pf02: GSI group: 9Be(238U,X), E=1 GeV/nucleon. Identification of 215Pb by time-of-flight, energy loss, and Bρ measurements; FRS separator. Measured cross section

1998RyZY, 1998Va13, 2003Ku26: ISOLDE, CERN group: 1998RyZY: reported tentative identification of 215Pb with T1/2=36.5 s formed in 232Th(p,X) at 1 GeV from the observation of a γ cascade in 215Bi. This was also mentioned briefly in 1998Va13. But later, in 2003Ku26, using RILIS source, this activity was reassigned to a high-spin isomer in 215Bi. However, 2003Ku26 stated that 215Pb isotope had been identified and that its study would be published elsewhere (reference 11 in 2003Ku26). In 2003Ko26, yield in Th(p,X) E=1 GeV reaction and using RILIS source, was reported (in figure 4 of 2003Ko26) as 0.3 μCi. In Fall 2002 Newsletter of ISOLDE, CERN, a short article by S. Franchoo quoted the half-life of 215Pb as 147 s 12. In 2012Au07 (NUBASE), T1/2 is listed as 36 s 1, a value based on a report by 1998RyZY, which was refuted in 2003Ku26. Confirmatory details of the ISOLDE, CERN group are reported in the thesis by 2004DeZV, where half-life of 215Pb from γ-decay and the decay scheme of 215Pb to 215Bi are presented. This thesis was brought to the evaluator’s attention by Professor p. van Duppen in e-mail communications of June 2011.

2004DeZV, 2013De20: 215Pb produced via reaction 238U(p,X) with E(p)=1.4 GeV, ionized by the Resonance ionization laser ion source (RILIS) and separated using the ISOLDE on-line mass separator. Detector system included an Si-detector for α-particles, one low-energy Ge and two HPGe detectors for x rays and γ rays, as well as a plastic scintillator ΔE detector for β-particles. Measured Eγ, Iγ, Iβ, βγ and γγ coincidence. Deduced levels in 215Bi, T1/2.

2010Al24: 215Pb nuclide identified in 9Be(238U,X) reaction with a beam energy of 1 GeV/nucleon produced by the SIS synchrotron at GSI facility. Target=2500 mg/cm2. The fragment residues were analyzed with the high resolving power magnetic spectrometer Fragment separator (FRS). The identification of nuclei was made on the basis of magnetic rigidity, velocity, time-of-flight, energy loss and atomic number of the fragments using two plastic scintillators and two multisampling ionization chambers. The FRS magnet was tuned to center on 210Au, 216Pb, 219Pb, 227At and 229At nuclei along the central trajectory of FRS. See also an earlier report 2009Al32 from the same group as 2010Al24. Unambiguous identification of nuclides required the separation of different charge states of the nuclei passing through the FRS. At 1 GeV/nucleon incident energy of 238U, fraction of fully stripped 226Po nuclei was about 89%. Through the measurement of difference in magnetic rigidity in the two sections of the FRS and the difference in energy loss in the two ionization chambers, the charge state of the transmitted nuclei was determined, especially, that of the singly charged (hydrogen-like) nuclei which preserved their charge in the current experimental setup. Measured production cross sections with 10% statistical and 20% systematic uncertainties. Criterion established in 2010Al24 for acceptance of identification of a new nuclide: 1. number of events should be compatible with the corresponding mass and atomic number located in the expected range of positions at both image planes of the FRS spectrometer; 2. number of events should be compatible with >95% probability that at least one of the counts does not correspond to a charge-state contaminant. Comparisons of measured σ with model predictions using the computer codes COFRA and EPAX.

Nuclear structure calculations:

2012Ko09: calculated rms radii, rms radius of neutron and proton distributions, isovector shift of nuclear rms radii, bulk density, neutron skin

2008Ma17: HFB calculations of binding energy, two-neutron separation energy, odd-even mass staggering and pairing gaps.

2003Bo06: calculated T1/2 using Shell model and quasiparticle RPA

1987Sa51: calculated isotope shifts, B(E2)

Q-value: Estimated uncertainties: ΔQ(β-)=ΔS(n)=100, ΔS(p)=ΔQ(α)=220 (2012Wa38)

Q-value: S(2n)=8530 100, S(2p)=17830 320 (syst,2012Wa38)

Jπ(level) T1/2(level)
  0 (9/2+) 147 s 12 
% β- = 100

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Additional Level Data and Comments:

  0(9/2+) 147 s 12 
% β- = 100
From α/Z plot (figure 1 in 2010Al24), a large number (certainly more than few hundreds) of events are assigned to 215Pb. In 1998Pf02, number of events in figure 1 seems about 60.
E(level): From α/Z plot (figure 1 in 2010Al24), a large number (certainly more than few hundreds) of events are assigned to 215Pb. In 1998Pf02, number of events in figure 1 seems about 60.

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